Commit 8b30411e authored by Avinash Mehta's avatar Avinash Mehta
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Populating TC0 central page

Signed-off-by: Avinash Mehta's avatarAvinash Mehta <>
Change-Id: I189aea980b03520a0a3f2791eec0ae3551e361c5
parent 064084da
.. _docs/totalcompute/readme:
Total Compute Platform Software!
.. section-numbering::
:suffix: .
Total Compute Platform
Total Compute is an approach to moving beyond optimizing individual IP to take a system-level solution view of the SoC that puts use cases and experiences at the heart of the designs.
Total Compute focuses on optimizing Performance, Security, and Developer Access across Arm’s IP, software, and tools. This means higher-performing, more immersive, and more secure experiences on devices coupled with an easier app and software development process.
TC Software Stack Overview
The TC0 software consists of firmware, kernel and file system components that can run on the associated FVP.
Following are the Software components:
#. SCP firmware – System initialization, Clock and Power control
#. AP firmware – Arm Trusted firmware
#. Secure Partition Manager
#. Secure Partitions
* OP-TEE Trusted OS
* Trusted Services with Shim layer
#. U-Boot – loads and verifies the fitImage for poky boot, containing kernel and filesystem or boot Image for Android Verified Boot, containing kernel and ramdisk.
#. Kernel – supports the following hardware features
* Mailbox hardware unit
* PAC/MTE/BTI features
#. Android
* Supports PAC/MTE/BTI features
.. figure:: tc0_sw_stack.png
:alt: Total Compute Software Stack
:ref:`Total Compute Platform Software Components <docs/totalcompute/sw_stack>`
Further Details
More details on building the TC0 software stack can be found below
- :ref:`change-log <docs/totalcompute/tc0/change-log>`
- :ref:`release_notes <docs/totalcompute/tc0/release_notes>`
- :ref:`user-guide <docs/totalcompute/tc0/user-guide>`
#. :ref:`user-guide <docs/totalcompute/tc0/user-guide>`
#. :ref:`change-log <docs/totalcompute/tc0/change-log>`
#. :ref:`release_notes <docs/totalcompute/tc0/release_notes>`
.. _docs/totalcompute/sw_stack:
.. section-numbering::
:suffix: .
Total Compute Platform Software Components
SCP Firmware
The System Control Processor (SCP) is a compute unit of Total Compute and is responsible for low-level system management. The SCP is a Cortex-M3 processor with a set of dedicated peripherals and interfaces that you can extend.
SCP firmware supports:
#. Powerup sequence and system start-up
#. Initial hardware configuration
#. Clock management
#. Servicing power state requests from the OS Power Management (OSPM) software
SCP Boot ROM code is the first software that executes right after a cold reset or Power-on.
It performs the following functions:
#. Sets up generic timer, UART console and clocks
#. Initializes the Coherent Interconnect
#. Powers ON primary AP CPU
#. Loads SCP Runtime Firmware
SCP Runtime Firmware
SCP runtime code starts execution after TF-A BL2 has authenticated and copied it from flash.
It performs the following functions:
#. Responds to SCMI messages via MHUv2 for CPU power control and DVFS
#. Power Domain management
#. Clock management
Secure Software
Secure software/firmware is a trusted software component that runs in the AP secure world. It mainly consists of AP firmware, Secure Partition Manager and Secure Partitions (OP-TEE, Trusted Services).
AP firmware
The AP firmware consists of the code that is required to boot Total Compute platform up the point where the OS execution starts. This firmware performs architecture and platform initialization. It also loads and initializes secure world images like Secure partition manager and Trusted OS.
Arm Trusted firmware BL1
AP Trusted ROM contains an on-chip trusted ROM that runs the boot code on Total Compute platform. BL1 performs minimal architectural initialization (like exception vectors, CPU initialization) and Platform initialization. It loads the BL2 image and passes control to it.
Arm Trusted firmware BL2
BL2 runs at S-EL1 and performs architectural initialization required for subsequent stages of TF-A and normal world software. It configures the TrustZone Controller and carves out memory region in DRAM for secure and non-secure use. BL2 loads below images:
#. SCP BL2 image
#. EL3 Runtime Software (BL31 image)
#. Secure Partition Manager (BL32 image)
#. Non-Trusted firmware - U-boot (BL33 image)
#. Secure Partitions images (OP-TEE and Trusted Services)
Arm Trusted firmware BL31
BL2 loads EL3 Runtime Software (BL31) and BL1 passes control to BL31 at EL3. In Total Compute BL31 runs at trusted SRAM. It provides below mentioned runtime services:
#. Power State Coordination Interface (PSCI)
#. Secure Monitor framework
#. Secure Partition Manager Dispatcher
Secure Partition Manager
Total Compute enables FEAT S-EL2 architectural extension, and it uses Hafnium as Secure Partition Manager Core (SPMC). BL32 option in TF-A is re-purposed to specify the SPMC image. The SPMC component runs at S-EL2 exception level.
Secure Partitions
Software image isolated using SPM is Secure Partition. Total Compute enables OP-TEE and Trusted Services (crypto, secure storage) as Secure Partitions.
OP-TEE Trusted OS is virtualized using Hafnium at S-EL2. OP-TEE OS for Total Compute is built with FFA and SEL2 SPMC support. This enables OP-TEE as a Secure Partition running in an isolated address space managed by Hafnium. The OP-TEE kernel runs at S-EL1 with Trusted applications running at S-EL0.
Trusted Services
Trusted Services like Crypto Service and Secure Storage runs as S-EL0 Secure Partitions using a Shim layer at S-EL1. Crypto Service along with S-EL1 Shim layer is built as a single image. The Shim layer forwards FF-A calls from S-EL0 to S-EL2.
TF-A BL31 passes execution control to U-boot bootloader (BL33). U-boot in Total Compute has support for multiple image formats:
#. FitImage format: this contains the Linux kernel and poky ramdisk which are authenticated and loaded in their respective positions in DRAM and execution is handed off to the kernel.
#. Android boot image: This contains the Linux kernel and Android ramdisk. If using Android Verified Boot (AVB) boot.img is loaded from MMC to DRAM, authenticated and then execution is handed off to the kernel.
Linux Kernel in Total Compute contains the subsystem-specific features that demonstrate the capabilities of Total Compute. Apart from default configuration, it enables:
#. Arm MHUv2 controller driver
#. Arm FF-A driver
#. OP-TEE driver with FF-A Transport Support
#. Arm FF-A user space interface driver
Total Compute has support for Android Open-Source Project (AOSP), which contains the Android framework, Native Libraries, Android Runtime and the Hardware Abstraction Layers (HALs) for Android Operating system.
The Total Compute device profile defines the required variables for Android such as partition size and product packages and has support for 2 different configurations of Android:
#. Nano: This is a stripped-down version to provide the bare minimum for Android Runtime and boot Android to console. It does not have Android UI support.
#. Software rendering: This profile has support for Android UI and boots Android to home screen. It uses SwiftShader to achieve this. Swiftshader is a CPU base implementation of the Vulkan graphics API by Google.
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