Commit 379c2997 authored by Amit Kachhap's avatar Amit Kachhap

lkdtm: arm64: test kernel pointer authentication

This test is specific for arm64. When in-kernel Pointer Authentication
config is enabled, the return address stored in the stack is signed.
This feature helps in ROP kind of attack. If any parameters used to
generate the pac (<key, sp, lr>) is modified then this will fail in
the authentication stage and will lead to abort.

This test changes the input parameter APIA kernel keys to cause abort.
The pac computed from the new key can be same as last due to hash
collision so this is retried for few times as there is no reliable way
to compare the pacs. Even though this test may fail even after retries
but this may cause authentication failure at a later stage in earlier
function returns.

This test can be invoked as,
echo CORRUPT_PAC > /sys/kernel/debug/provoke-crash/DIRECT

or as below if inserted as a module,
insmod lkdtm.ko cpoint_name=DIRECT cpoint_type=CORRUPT_PAC cpoint_count=1

[   13.118166] lkdtm: Performing direct entry CORRUPT_PAC
[   13.118298] lkdtm: Clearing PAC from the return address
[   13.118466] Unable to handle kernel paging request at virtual address bfff8000108648ec
[   13.118626] Mem abort info:
[   13.118666]   ESR = 0x86000004
[   13.118866]   EC = 0x21: IABT (current EL), IL = 32 bits
[   13.118966]   SET = 0, FnV = 0
[   13.119117]   EA = 0, S1PTW = 0

Cc: Kees Cook <>
Acked-by: Catalin Marinas's avatarCatalin Marinas <>
Signed-off-by: Amit Kachhap's avatarAmit Daniel Kachhap <>
parent 15124541
......@@ -378,3 +378,39 @@ void lkdtm_DOUBLE_FAULT(void)
pr_err("XFAIL: this test is ia32-only\n");
static noinline void change_pac_parameters(void)
/* Reset the keys of current task */
noinline void lkdtm_CORRUPT_PAC(void)
int i;
if (!system_supports_address_auth()) {
pr_err("FAIL: arm64 pointer authentication feature not present\n");
pr_info("Change the PAC parameters to force function return failure\n");
* Pac is a hash value computed from input keys, return address and
* stack pointer. As pac has fewer bits so there is a chance of
* collision, so iterate few times to reduce the collision probability.
for (i = 0; i < CORRUPT_PAC_ITERATE; i++)
pr_err("FAIL: %s test failed. Kernel may be unstable from here\n", __func__);
#else /* !CONFIG_ARM64_PTR_AUTH */
noinline void lkdtm_CORRUPT_PAC(void)
pr_err("FAIL: arm64 pointer authentication config disabled\n");
......@@ -116,6 +116,7 @@ static const struct crashtype crashtypes[] = {
......@@ -31,6 +31,7 @@ void lkdtm_UNSET_SMEP(void);
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
void lkdtm_DOUBLE_FAULT(void);
void lkdtm_CORRUPT_PAC(void);
/* lkdtm_heap.c */
void __init lkdtm_heap_init(void);
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