Commit 1c8f4220 authored by Souptick Joarder's avatar Souptick Joarder Committed by Linus Torvalds
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mm: change return type to vm_fault_t

The plan for these patches is to introduce the typedef, initially just
as documentation ("These functions should return a VM_FAULT_ status").
We'll trickle the patches to individual drivers/filesystems in through
the maintainers, as far as possible.  Then we'll change the typedef to
an unsigned int and break the compilation of any unconverted

vmf_insert_page(), vmf_insert_mixed() and vmf_insert_pfn() are three
newly added functions.  The various drivers/filesystems where return
value of fault(), huge_fault(), page_mkwrite() and pfn_mkwrite() get
converted, will need them.  These functions will return correct
VM_FAULT_ code based on err value.

We've had bugs before where drivers returned -EFOO.  And we have this
silly inefficiency where vm_insert_xxx() return an errno which (afaict)
every driver then converts into a VM_FAULT code.  In many cases drivers
failed to return correct VM_FAULT code value despite of vm_insert_xxx()
fails.  We have indentified and clean up all those existing bugs and
silly inefficiencies in driver/filesystems by adding these three new
inline wrappers.  As mentioned above, we will trickle those patches to
individual drivers/filesystems in through maintainers after these three
wrapper functions are merged.

Eventually we can convert vm_insert_xxx() into vmf_insert_xxx() and
remove these inline wrappers, but these are a good intermediate step.


Signed-off-by: default avatarSouptick Joarder <>
Acked-by: default avatarMichal Hocko <>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <>
parent d46078b2
......@@ -386,18 +386,19 @@ struct vm_operations_struct {
void (*close)(struct vm_area_struct * area);
int (*split)(struct vm_area_struct * area, unsigned long addr);
int (*mremap)(struct vm_area_struct * area);
int (*fault)(struct vm_fault *vmf);
int (*huge_fault)(struct vm_fault *vmf, enum page_entry_size pe_size);
vm_fault_t (*fault)(struct vm_fault *vmf);
vm_fault_t (*huge_fault)(struct vm_fault *vmf,
enum page_entry_size pe_size);
void (*map_pages)(struct vm_fault *vmf,
pgoff_t start_pgoff, pgoff_t end_pgoff);
unsigned long (*pagesize)(struct vm_area_struct * area);
/* notification that a previously read-only page is about to become
* writable, if an error is returned it will cause a SIGBUS */
int (*page_mkwrite)(struct vm_fault *vmf);
vm_fault_t (*page_mkwrite)(struct vm_fault *vmf);
/* same as page_mkwrite when using VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP */
int (*pfn_mkwrite)(struct vm_fault *vmf);
vm_fault_t (*pfn_mkwrite)(struct vm_fault *vmf);
/* called by access_process_vm when get_user_pages() fails, typically
* for use by special VMAs that can switch between memory and hardware
......@@ -2424,6 +2425,44 @@ int vm_insert_mixed_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
pfn_t pfn);
int vm_iomap_memory(struct vm_area_struct *vma, phys_addr_t start, unsigned long len);
static inline vm_fault_t vmf_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long addr, struct page *page)
int err = vm_insert_page(vma, addr, page);
if (err == -ENOMEM)
return VM_FAULT_OOM;
if (err < 0 && err != -EBUSY)
static inline vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn)
int err = vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn);
if (err == -ENOMEM)
return VM_FAULT_OOM;
if (err < 0 && err != -EBUSY)
static inline vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn)
int err = vm_insert_pfn(vma, addr, pfn);
if (err == -ENOMEM)
return VM_FAULT_OOM;
if (err < 0 && err != -EBUSY)
struct page *follow_page_mask(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long address, unsigned int foll_flags,
......@@ -22,6 +22,8 @@
typedef int vm_fault_t;
struct address_space;
struct mem_cgroup;
struct hmm;
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