Commit 98ea2dba authored by Thomas Petazzoni's avatar Thomas Petazzoni Committed by Russell King
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ARM: 8076/1: mm: add support for HW coherent systems in PL310 cache

When a PL310 cache is used on a system that provides hardware
coherency, the outer cache sync operation is useless, and can be
skipped. Moreover, on some systems, it is harmful as it causes
deadlocks between the Marvell coherency mechanism, the Marvell PCIe
controller and the Cortex-A9.

To avoid this, this commit introduces a new Device Tree property
'arm,io-coherent' for the L2 cache controller node, valid only for the
PL310 cache. It identifies the usage of the PL310 cache in an I/O
coherent configuration. Internally, it makes the driver disable the
outer cache sync operation.

Note that technically speaking, a fully coherent system wouldn't
require any of the other .outer_cache operations. However, in
practice, when booting secondary CPUs, these are not yet coherent, and
therefore a set of cache maintenance operations are necessary at this
point. This explains why we keep the other .outer_cache operations and
only ->sync is disabled.

While in theory any write to a PL310 register could cause the
deadlock, in practice, disabling ->sync is sufficient to workaround
the deadlock, since the other cache maintenance operations are only
used in very specific situations.

Contrary to previous versions of this patch, this new version does not
simply NULL-ify the ->sync member, because the l2c_init_data
structures are now 'const' and therefore cannot be modified, which is
a good thing. Therefore, this patch introduces a separate
l2c_init_data instance, called of_l2c310_coherent_data.

Signed-off-by: default avatarThomas Petazzoni <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarRussell King <>
parent b8d8772e
......@@ -40,6 +40,9 @@ Optional properties:
- arm,filter-ranges : <start length> Starting address and length of window to
filter. Addresses in the filter window are directed to the M1 port. Other
addresses will go to the M0 port.
- arm,io-coherent : indicates that the system is operating in an hardware
I/O coherent mode. Valid only when the arm,pl310-cache compatible
string is used.
- interrupts : 1 combined interrupt.
- cache-id-part: cache id part number to be used if it is not present
on hardware
......@@ -1068,6 +1068,33 @@ static const struct l2c_init_data of_l2c310_data __initconst = {
* This is a variant of the of_l2c310_data with .sync set to
* NULL. Outer sync operations are not needed when the system is I/O
* coherent, and potentially harmful in certain situations (PCIe/PL310
* deadlock on Armada 375/38x due to hardware I/O coherency). The
* other operations are kept because they are infrequent (therefore do
* not cause the deadlock in practice) and needed for secondary CPU
* boot and other power management activities.
static const struct l2c_init_data of_l2c310_coherent_data __initconst = {
.type = "L2C-310 Coherent",
.way_size_0 = SZ_8K,
.num_lock = 8,
.of_parse = l2c310_of_parse,
.enable = l2c310_enable,
.fixup = l2c310_fixup,
.save = l2c310_save,
.outer_cache = {
.inv_range = l2c210_inv_range,
.clean_range = l2c210_clean_range,
.flush_range = l2c210_flush_range,
.flush_all = l2c210_flush_all,
.disable = l2c310_disable,
.resume = l2c310_resume,
* Note that the end addresses passed to Linux primitives are
* noninclusive, while the hardware cache range operations use
......@@ -1487,6 +1514,10 @@ int __init l2x0_of_init(u32 aux_val, u32 aux_mask)
data = of_match_node(l2x0_ids, np)->data;
if (of_device_is_compatible(np, "arm,pl310-cache") &&
of_property_read_bool(np, "arm,io-coherent"))
data = &of_l2c310_coherent_data;
old_aux = readl_relaxed(l2x0_base + L2X0_AUX_CTRL);
if (old_aux != ((old_aux & aux_mask) | aux_val)) {
pr_warn("L2C: platform modifies aux control register: 0x%08x -> 0x%08x\n",
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