1. 14 Jun, 2018 1 commit
  2. 06 Apr, 2018 1 commit
  3. 02 Nov, 2017 1 commit
    • Greg Kroah-Hartman's avatar
      License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no license · b2441318
      Greg Kroah-Hartman authored
      Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which
      makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license.
      
      By default all files without license information are under the default
      license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2.
      
      Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0'
      SPDX license identifier.  The SPDX identifier is a legally binding
      shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text.
      
      This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and
      Philippe Ombredanne.
      
      How this work was done:
      
      Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of
      the use cases:
       - file had no licensing information it it.
       - file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it,
       - file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information,
      
      Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases
      where non-standard...
      b2441318
  4. 07 Sep, 2017 1 commit
  5. 03 May, 2017 1 commit
  6. 25 Feb, 2017 1 commit
  7. 28 Jul, 2016 1 commit
  8. 16 Jan, 2016 3 commits
  9. 10 Sep, 2015 1 commit
    • Vladimir Davydov's avatar
      mm: introduce idle page tracking · 33c3fc71
      Vladimir Davydov authored
      
      
      Knowing the portion of memory that is not used by a certain application or
      memory cgroup (idle memory) can be useful for partitioning the system
      efficiently, e.g.  by setting memory cgroup limits appropriately.
      Currently, the only means to estimate the amount of idle memory provided
      by the kernel is /proc/PID/{clear_refs,smaps}: the user can clear the
      access bit for all pages mapped to a particular process by writing 1 to
      clear_refs, wait for some time, and then count smaps:Referenced.  However,
      this method has two serious shortcomings:
      
       - it does not count unmapped file pages
       - it affects the reclaimer logic
      
      To overcome these drawbacks, this patch introduces two new page flags,
      Idle and Young, and a new sysfs file, /sys/kernel/mm/page_idle/bitmap.
      A page's Idle flag can only be set from userspace by setting bit in
      /sys/kernel/mm/page_idle/bitmap at the offset corresponding to the page,
      and it is cleared whenever the page is accessed either through page tables
      (it is cleared in page_referenced() in this case) or using the read(2)
      system call (mark_page_accessed()). Thus by setting the Idle flag for
      pages of a particular workload, which can be found e.g.  by reading
      /proc/PID/pagemap, waiting for some time to let the workload access its
      working set, and then reading the bitmap file, one can estimate the amount
      of pages that are not used by the workload.
      
      The Young page flag is used to avoid interference with the memory
      reclaimer.  A page's Young flag is set whenever the Access bit of a page
      table entry pointing to the page is cleared by writing to the bitmap file.
      If page_referenced() is called on a Young page, it will add 1 to its
      return value, therefore concealing the fact that the Access bit was
      cleared.
      
      Note, since there is no room for extra page flags on 32 bit, this feature
      uses extended page flags when compiled on 32 bit.
      
      [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix build]
      [akpm@linux-foundation.org: kpageidle requires an MMU]
      [akpm@linux-foundation.org: decouple from page-flags rework]
      Signed-off-by: default avatarVladimir Davydov <vdavydov@parallels.com>
      Reviewed-by: default avatarAndres Lagar-Cavilla <andreslc@google.com>
      Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
      Cc: Raghavendra K T <raghavendra.kt@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
      Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
      Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
      Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
      Cc: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com>
      Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
      Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com>
      Cc: Cyrill Gorcunov <gorcunov@openvz.org>
      Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      33c3fc71