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  • Jason Wang's avatar
    vhost: new device IOTLB API · 6b1e6cc7
    Jason Wang authored
    This patch tries to implement an device IOTLB for vhost. This could be
    used with userspace(qemu) implementation of DMA remapping
    to emulate an IOMMU for the guest.
    The idea is simple, cache the translation in a software device IOTLB
    (which is implemented as an interval tree) in vhost and use vhost_net
    file descriptor for reporting IOTLB miss and IOTLB
    update/invalidation. When vhost meets an IOTLB miss, the fault
    address, size and access can be read from the file. After userspace
    finishes the translation, it writes the translated address to the
    vhost_net file to update the device IOTLB.
    When device IOTLB is enabled by setting VIRTIO_F_IOMMU_PLATFORM all vq
    addresses set by ioctl are treated as iova instead of virtual address and
    the accessing can only be done through IOTLB instead of direct userspace
    memory access. Before each round or vq processing, all vq metadata is
    prefetched in device IOTLB to make sure no translation fault happens
    during vq processing.
    In most cases, virtqueues are contiguous even in virtual address space.
    The IOTLB translation for virtqueue itself may make it a little
    slower. We might add fast path cache on top of this patch.
    Signed-off-by: default avatarJason Wang <>
    [mst: use virtio feature bit: VHOST_F_DEVICE_IOTLB -> VIRTIO_F_IOMMU_PLATFORM ]
    [mst: fix build warnings ]
    Signed-off-by: default avatarMichael S. Tsirkin <>
    [ missing unlock on error ]
    Signed-off-by: default avatarWei Yongjun <>
vhost.h 7.16 KB