Commit 23a5fba4 authored by Thomas Petazzoni's avatar Thomas Petazzoni Committed by Lorenzo Pieralisi
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PCI: Introduce PCI bridge emulated config space common logic



Some PCI host controllers do not expose a configuration space for the
root port PCI bridge. Due to this, the Marvell Armada 370/38x/XP PCI
controller driver (pci-mvebu) emulates a root port PCI bridge
configuration space, and uses that to (among other things) dynamically
create the memory windows that correspond to the PCI MEM and I/O
regions.

Since we now need to add a very similar logic for the Marvell Armada
37xx PCI controller driver (pci-aardvark), instead of duplicating the
code, we create in this commit a common logic called pci-bridge-emul.

The idea of this logic is to emulate a root port PCI bridge
configuration space by providing configuration space read/write
operations, and faking behind the scenes the configuration space of a
PCI bridge. A PCI host controller driver simply has to call
pci_bridge_emul_conf_read() and pci_bridge_emul_conf_write() to
read/write the configuration space of the bridge.

By default, the PCI bridge configuration space is simply emulated by a
chunk of memory, but the PCI host controller can override the behavior
of the read and write operations on a per-register basis to do
additional actions if needed. We take care of complying with the
behavior of the PCI configuration space registers in terms of bits
that are read-write, read-only, reserved and write-1-to-clear.
Signed-off-by: default avatarThomas Petazzoni <thomas.petazzoni@bootlin.com>
Signed-off-by: Lorenzo Pieralisi's avatarLorenzo Pieralisi <lorenzo.pieralisi@arm.com>
Acked-by: default avatarBjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com>
Reviewed-by: default avatarRussell King <rmk+kernel@armlinux.org.uk>
parent 684e07ed
......@@ -98,6 +98,9 @@ config PCI_ECAM
config PCI_LOCKLESS_CONFIG
bool
config PCI_BRIDGE_EMUL
bool
config PCI_IOV
bool "PCI IOV support"
depends on PCI
......
......@@ -19,6 +19,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_HOTPLUG_PCI) += hotplug/
obj-$(CONFIG_PCI_MSI) += msi.o
obj-$(CONFIG_PCI_ATS) += ats.o
obj-$(CONFIG_PCI_IOV) += iov.o
obj-$(CONFIG_PCI_BRIDGE_EMUL) += pci-bridge-emul.o
obj-$(CONFIG_ACPI) += pci-acpi.o
obj-$(CONFIG_PCI_LABEL) += pci-label.o
obj-$(CONFIG_X86_INTEL_MID) += pci-mid.o
......
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* Copyright (C) 2018 Marvell
*
* Author: Thomas Petazzoni <thomas.petazzoni@bootlin.com>
*
* This file helps PCI controller drivers implement a fake root port
* PCI bridge when the HW doesn't provide such a root port PCI
* bridge.
*
* It emulates a PCI bridge by providing a fake PCI configuration
* space (and optionally a PCIe capability configuration space) in
* memory. By default the read/write operations simply read and update
* this fake configuration space in memory. However, PCI controller
* drivers can provide through the 'struct pci_sw_bridge_ops'
* structure a set of operations to override or complement this
* default behavior.
*/
#include <linux/pci.h>
#include "pci-bridge-emul.h"
#define PCI_BRIDGE_CONF_END PCI_STD_HEADER_SIZEOF
#define PCI_CAP_PCIE_START PCI_BRIDGE_CONF_END
#define PCI_CAP_PCIE_END (PCI_CAP_PCIE_START + PCI_EXP_SLTSTA2 + 2)
/*
* Initialize a pci_bridge_emul structure to represent a fake PCI
* bridge configuration space. The caller needs to have initialized
* the PCI configuration space with whatever values make sense
* (typically at least vendor, device, revision), the ->ops pointer,
* and optionally ->data and ->has_pcie.
*/
void pci_bridge_emul_init(struct pci_bridge_emul *bridge)
{
bridge->conf.class_revision |= PCI_CLASS_BRIDGE_PCI << 16;
bridge->conf.header_type = PCI_HEADER_TYPE_BRIDGE;
bridge->conf.cache_line_size = 0x10;
bridge->conf.status = PCI_STATUS_CAP_LIST;
if (bridge->has_pcie) {
bridge->conf.capabilities_pointer = PCI_CAP_PCIE_START;
bridge->pcie_conf.cap_id = PCI_CAP_ID_EXP;
/* Set PCIe v2, root port, slot support */
bridge->pcie_conf.cap = PCI_EXP_TYPE_ROOT_PORT << 4 | 2 |
PCI_EXP_FLAGS_SLOT;
}
}
struct pci_bridge_reg_behavior {
/* Read-only bits */
u32 ro;
/* Read-write bits */
u32 rw;
/* Write-1-to-clear bits */
u32 w1c;
/* Reserved bits (hardwired to 0) */
u32 rsvd;
};
const static struct pci_bridge_reg_behavior pci_regs_behavior[] = {
[PCI_VENDOR_ID / 4] = { .ro = ~0 },
[PCI_COMMAND / 4] = {
.rw = (PCI_COMMAND_IO | PCI_COMMAND_MEMORY |
PCI_COMMAND_MASTER | PCI_COMMAND_PARITY |
PCI_COMMAND_SERR),
.ro = ((PCI_COMMAND_SPECIAL | PCI_COMMAND_INVALIDATE |
PCI_COMMAND_VGA_PALETTE | PCI_COMMAND_WAIT |
PCI_COMMAND_FAST_BACK) |
(PCI_STATUS_CAP_LIST | PCI_STATUS_66MHZ |
PCI_STATUS_FAST_BACK | PCI_STATUS_DEVSEL_MASK) << 16),
.rsvd = GENMASK(15, 10) | ((BIT(6) | GENMASK(3, 0)) << 16),
.w1c = (PCI_STATUS_PARITY |
PCI_STATUS_SIG_TARGET_ABORT |
PCI_STATUS_REC_TARGET_ABORT |
PCI_STATUS_REC_MASTER_ABORT |
PCI_STATUS_SIG_SYSTEM_ERROR |
PCI_STATUS_DETECTED_PARITY) << 16,
},
[PCI_CLASS_REVISION / 4] = { .ro = ~0 },
/*
* Cache Line Size register: implement as read-only, we do not
* pretend implementing "Memory Write and Invalidate"
* transactions"
*
* Latency Timer Register: implemented as read-only, as "A
* bridge that is not capable of a burst transfer of more than
* two data phases on its primary interface is permitted to
* hardwire the Latency Timer to a value of 16 or less"
*
* Header Type: always read-only
*
* BIST register: implemented as read-only, as "A bridge that
* does not support BIST must implement this register as a
* read-only register that returns 0 when read"
*/
[PCI_CACHE_LINE_SIZE / 4] = { .ro = ~0 },
/*
* Base Address registers not used must be implemented as
* read-only registers that return 0 when read.
*/
[PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_0 / 4] = { .ro = ~0 },
[PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_1 / 4] = { .ro = ~0 },
[PCI_PRIMARY_BUS / 4] = {
/* Primary, secondary and subordinate bus are RW */
.rw = GENMASK(24, 0),
/* Secondary latency is read-only */
.ro = GENMASK(31, 24),
},
[PCI_IO_BASE / 4] = {
/* The high four bits of I/O base/limit are RW */
.rw = (GENMASK(15, 12) | GENMASK(7, 4)),
/* The low four bits of I/O base/limit are RO */
.ro = (((PCI_STATUS_66MHZ | PCI_STATUS_FAST_BACK |
PCI_STATUS_DEVSEL_MASK) << 16) |
GENMASK(11, 8) | GENMASK(3, 0)),
.w1c = (PCI_STATUS_PARITY |
PCI_STATUS_SIG_TARGET_ABORT |
PCI_STATUS_REC_TARGET_ABORT |
PCI_STATUS_REC_MASTER_ABORT |
PCI_STATUS_SIG_SYSTEM_ERROR |
PCI_STATUS_DETECTED_PARITY) << 16,
.rsvd = ((BIT(6) | GENMASK(4, 0)) << 16),
},
[PCI_MEMORY_BASE / 4] = {
/* The high 12-bits of mem base/limit are RW */
.rw = GENMASK(31, 20) | GENMASK(15, 4),
/* The low four bits of mem base/limit are RO */
.ro = GENMASK(19, 16) | GENMASK(3, 0),
},
[PCI_PREF_MEMORY_BASE / 4] = {
/* The high 12-bits of pref mem base/limit are RW */
.rw = GENMASK(31, 20) | GENMASK(15, 4),
/* The low four bits of pref mem base/limit are RO */
.ro = GENMASK(19, 16) | GENMASK(3, 0),
},
[PCI_PREF_BASE_UPPER32 / 4] = {
.rw = ~0,
},
[PCI_PREF_LIMIT_UPPER32 / 4] = {
.rw = ~0,
},
[PCI_IO_BASE_UPPER16 / 4] = {
.rw = ~0,
},
[PCI_CAPABILITY_LIST / 4] = {
.ro = GENMASK(7, 0),
.rsvd = GENMASK(31, 8),
},
[PCI_ROM_ADDRESS1 / 4] = {
.rw = GENMASK(31, 11) | BIT(0),
.rsvd = GENMASK(10, 1),
},
/*
* Interrupt line (bits 7:0) are RW, interrupt pin (bits 15:8)
* are RO, and bridge control (31:16) are a mix of RW, RO,
* reserved and W1C bits
*/
[PCI_INTERRUPT_LINE / 4] = {
/* Interrupt line is RW */
.rw = (GENMASK(7, 0) |
((PCI_BRIDGE_CTL_PARITY |
PCI_BRIDGE_CTL_SERR |
PCI_BRIDGE_CTL_ISA |
PCI_BRIDGE_CTL_VGA |
PCI_BRIDGE_CTL_MASTER_ABORT |
PCI_BRIDGE_CTL_BUS_RESET |
BIT(8) | BIT(9) | BIT(11)) << 16)),
/* Interrupt pin is RO */
.ro = (GENMASK(15, 8) | ((PCI_BRIDGE_CTL_FAST_BACK) << 16)),
.w1c = BIT(10) << 16,
.rsvd = (GENMASK(15, 12) | BIT(4)) << 16,
},
};
const static struct pci_bridge_reg_behavior pcie_cap_regs_behavior[] = {
[PCI_CAP_LIST_ID / 4] = {
/*
* Capability ID, Next Capability Pointer and
* Capabilities register are all read-only.
*/
.ro = ~0,
},
[PCI_EXP_DEVCAP / 4] = {
.ro = ~0,
},
[PCI_EXP_DEVCTL / 4] = {
/* Device control register is RW */
.rw = GENMASK(15, 0),
/*
* Device status register has 4 bits W1C, then 2 bits
* RO, the rest is reserved
*/
.w1c = GENMASK(19, 16),
.ro = GENMASK(20, 19),
.rsvd = GENMASK(31, 21),
},
[PCI_EXP_LNKCAP / 4] = {
/* All bits are RO, except bit 23 which is reserved */
.ro = lower_32_bits(~BIT(23)),
.rsvd = BIT(23),
},
[PCI_EXP_LNKCTL / 4] = {
/*
* Link control has bits [1:0] and [11:3] RW, the
* other bits are reserved.
* Link status has bits [13:0] RO, and bits [14:15]
* W1C.
*/
.rw = GENMASK(11, 3) | GENMASK(1, 0),
.ro = GENMASK(13, 0) << 16,
.w1c = GENMASK(15, 14) << 16,
.rsvd = GENMASK(15, 12) | BIT(2),
},
[PCI_EXP_SLTCAP / 4] = {
.ro = ~0,
},
[PCI_EXP_SLTCTL / 4] = {
/*
* Slot control has bits [12:0] RW, the rest is
* reserved.
*
* Slot status has a mix of W1C and RO bits, as well
* as reserved bits.
*/
.rw = GENMASK(12, 0),
.w1c = (PCI_EXP_SLTSTA_ABP | PCI_EXP_SLTSTA_PFD |
PCI_EXP_SLTSTA_MRLSC | PCI_EXP_SLTSTA_PDC |
PCI_EXP_SLTSTA_CC | PCI_EXP_SLTSTA_DLLSC) << 16,
.ro = (PCI_EXP_SLTSTA_MRLSS | PCI_EXP_SLTSTA_PDS |
PCI_EXP_SLTSTA_EIS) << 16,
.rsvd = GENMASK(15, 12) | (GENMASK(15, 9) << 16),
},
[PCI_EXP_RTCTL / 4] = {
/*
* Root control has bits [4:0] RW, the rest is
* reserved.
*
* Root status has bit 0 RO, the rest is reserved.
*/
.rw = (PCI_EXP_RTCTL_SECEE | PCI_EXP_RTCTL_SENFEE |
PCI_EXP_RTCTL_SEFEE | PCI_EXP_RTCTL_PMEIE |
PCI_EXP_RTCTL_CRSSVE),
.ro = PCI_EXP_RTCAP_CRSVIS << 16,
.rsvd = GENMASK(15, 5) | (GENMASK(15, 1) << 16),
},
[PCI_EXP_RTSTA / 4] = {
.ro = GENMASK(15, 0) | PCI_EXP_RTSTA_PENDING,
.w1c = PCI_EXP_RTSTA_PME,
.rsvd = GENMASK(31, 18),
},
};
/*
* Should be called by the PCI controller driver when reading the PCI
* configuration space of the fake bridge. It will call back the
* ->ops->read_base or ->ops->read_pcie operations.
*/
int pci_bridge_emul_conf_read(struct pci_bridge_emul *bridge, int where,
int size, u32 *value)
{
int ret;
int reg = where & ~3;
pci_bridge_emul_read_status_t (*read_op)(struct pci_bridge_emul *bridge,
int reg, u32 *value);
u32 *cfgspace;
const struct pci_bridge_reg_behavior *behavior;
if (bridge->has_pcie && reg >= PCI_CAP_PCIE_END) {
*value = 0;
return PCIBIOS_SUCCESSFUL;
}
if (!bridge->has_pcie && reg >= PCI_BRIDGE_CONF_END) {
*value = 0;
return PCIBIOS_SUCCESSFUL;
}
if (bridge->has_pcie && reg >= PCI_CAP_PCIE_START) {
reg -= PCI_CAP_PCIE_START;
read_op = bridge->ops->read_pcie;
cfgspace = (u32 *) &bridge->pcie_conf;
behavior = pcie_cap_regs_behavior;
} else {
read_op = bridge->ops->read_base;
cfgspace = (u32 *) &bridge->conf;
behavior = pci_regs_behavior;
}
if (read_op)
ret = read_op(bridge, reg, value);
else
ret = PCI_BRIDGE_EMUL_NOT_HANDLED;
if (ret == PCI_BRIDGE_EMUL_NOT_HANDLED)
*value = cfgspace[reg / 4];
/*
* Make sure we never return any reserved bit with a value
* different from 0.
*/
*value &= ~behavior[reg / 4].rsvd;
if (size == 1)
*value = (*value >> (8 * (where & 3))) & 0xff;
else if (size == 2)
*value = (*value >> (8 * (where & 3))) & 0xffff;
else if (size != 4)
return PCIBIOS_BAD_REGISTER_NUMBER;
return PCIBIOS_SUCCESSFUL;
}
/*
* Should be called by the PCI controller driver when writing the PCI
* configuration space of the fake bridge. It will call back the
* ->ops->write_base or ->ops->write_pcie operations.
*/
int pci_bridge_emul_conf_write(struct pci_bridge_emul *bridge, int where,
int size, u32 value)
{
int reg = where & ~3;
int mask, ret, old, new, shift;
void (*write_op)(struct pci_bridge_emul *bridge, int reg,
u32 old, u32 new, u32 mask);
u32 *cfgspace;
const struct pci_bridge_reg_behavior *behavior;
if (bridge->has_pcie && reg >= PCI_CAP_PCIE_END)
return PCIBIOS_SUCCESSFUL;
if (!bridge->has_pcie && reg >= PCI_BRIDGE_CONF_END)
return PCIBIOS_SUCCESSFUL;
shift = (where & 0x3) * 8;
if (size == 4)
mask = 0xffffffff;
else if (size == 2)
mask = 0xffff << shift;
else if (size == 1)
mask = 0xff << shift;
else
return PCIBIOS_BAD_REGISTER_NUMBER;
ret = pci_bridge_emul_conf_read(bridge, reg, 4, &old);
if (ret != PCIBIOS_SUCCESSFUL)
return ret;
if (bridge->has_pcie && reg >= PCI_CAP_PCIE_START) {
reg -= PCI_CAP_PCIE_START;
write_op = bridge->ops->write_pcie;
cfgspace = (u32 *) &bridge->pcie_conf;
behavior = pcie_cap_regs_behavior;
} else {
write_op = bridge->ops->write_base;
cfgspace = (u32 *) &bridge->conf;
behavior = pci_regs_behavior;
}
/* Keep all bits, except the RW bits */
new = old & (~mask | ~behavior[reg / 4].rw);
/* Update the value of the RW bits */
new |= (value << shift) & (behavior[reg / 4].rw & mask);
/* Clear the W1C bits */
new &= ~((value << shift) & (behavior[reg / 4].w1c & mask));
cfgspace[reg / 4] = new;
if (write_op)
write_op(bridge, reg, old, new, mask);
return PCIBIOS_SUCCESSFUL;
}
/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef __PCI_BRIDGE_EMUL_H__
#define __PCI_BRIDGE_EMUL_H__
#include <linux/kernel.h>
/* PCI configuration space of a PCI-to-PCI bridge. */
struct pci_bridge_emul_conf {
u16 vendor;
u16 device;
u16 command;
u16 status;
u32 class_revision;
u8 cache_line_size;
u8 latency_timer;
u8 header_type;
u8 bist;
u32 bar[2];
u8 primary_bus;
u8 secondary_bus;
u8 subordinate_bus;
u8 secondary_latency_timer;
u8 iobase;
u8 iolimit;
u16 secondary_status;
u16 membase;
u16 memlimit;
u16 pref_mem_base;
u16 pref_mem_limit;
u32 prefbaseupper;
u32 preflimitupper;
u16 iobaseupper;
u16 iolimitupper;
u8 capabilities_pointer;
u8 reserve[3];
u32 romaddr;
u8 intline;
u8 intpin;
u16 bridgectrl;
};
/* PCI configuration space of the PCIe capabilities */
struct pci_bridge_emul_pcie_conf {
u8 cap_id;
u8 next;
u16 cap;
u32 devcap;
u16 devctl;
u16 devsta;
u32 lnkcap;
u16 lnkctl;
u16 lnksta;
u32 slotcap;
u16 slotctl;
u16 slotsta;
u16 rootctl;
u16 rsvd;
u32 rootsta;
u32 devcap2;
u16 devctl2;
u16 devsta2;
u32 lnkcap2;
u16 lnkctl2;
u16 lnksta2;
u32 slotcap2;
u16 slotctl2;
u16 slotsta2;
};
struct pci_bridge_emul;
typedef enum { PCI_BRIDGE_EMUL_HANDLED,
PCI_BRIDGE_EMUL_NOT_HANDLED } pci_bridge_emul_read_status_t;
struct pci_bridge_emul_ops {
/*
* Called when reading from the regular PCI bridge
* configuration space. Return PCI_BRIDGE_EMUL_HANDLED when the
* operation has handled the read operation and filled in the
* *value, or PCI_BRIDGE_EMUL_NOT_HANDLED when the read should
* be emulated by the common code by reading from the
* in-memory copy of the configuration space.
*/
pci_bridge_emul_read_status_t (*read_base)(struct pci_bridge_emul *bridge,
int reg, u32 *value);
/*
* Same as ->read_base(), except it is for reading from the
* PCIe capability configuration space.
*/
pci_bridge_emul_read_status_t (*read_pcie)(struct pci_bridge_emul *bridge,
int reg, u32 *value);
/*
* Called when writing to the regular PCI bridge configuration
* space. old is the current value, new is the new value being
* written, and mask indicates which parts of the value are
* being changed.
*/
void (*write_base)(struct pci_bridge_emul *bridge, int reg,
u32 old, u32 new, u32 mask);
/*
* Same as ->write_base(), except it is for writing from the
* PCIe capability configuration space.
*/
void (*write_pcie)(struct pci_bridge_emul *bridge, int reg,
u32 old, u32 new, u32 mask);
};
struct pci_bridge_emul {
struct pci_bridge_emul_conf conf;
struct pci_bridge_emul_pcie_conf pcie_conf;
struct pci_bridge_emul_ops *ops;
void *data;
bool has_pcie;
};
void pci_bridge_emul_init(struct pci_bridge_emul *bridge);
int pci_bridge_emul_conf_read(struct pci_bridge_emul *bridge, int where,
int size, u32 *value);
int pci_bridge_emul_conf_write(struct pci_bridge_emul *bridge, int where,
int size, u32 value);
#endif /* __PCI_BRIDGE_EMUL_H__ */
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