Commit 271b72c7 authored by Committed by David S. MillerBrowse files
udp: RCU handling for Unicast packets.
Goals are : 1) Optimizing handling of incoming Unicast UDP frames, so that no memory writes should happen in the fast path. Note: Multicasts and broadcasts still will need to take a lock, because doing a full lockless lookup in this case is difficult. 2) No expensive operations in the socket bind/unhash phases : - No expensive synchronize_rcu() calls. - No added rcu_head in socket structure, increasing memory needs, but more important, forcing us to use call_rcu() calls, that have the bad property of making sockets structure cold. (rcu grace period between socket freeing and its potential reuse make this socket being cold in CPU cache). David did a previous patch using call_rcu() and noticed a 20% impact on TCP connection rates. Quoting Cristopher Lameter : "Right. That results in cacheline cooldown. You'd want to recycle the object as they are cache hot on a per cpu basis. That is screwed up by the delayed regular rcu processing. We have seen multiple regressions due to cacheline cooldown. The only choice in cacheline hot sensitive areas is to deal with the complexity that comes with SLAB_DESTROY_BY_RCU or give up on RCU." - Because udp sockets are allocated from dedicated kmem_cache, use of SLAB_DESTROY_BY_RCU can help here. Theory of operation : --------------------- As the lookup is lockfree (using rcu_read_lock()/rcu_read_unlock()), special attention must be taken by readers and writers. Use of SLAB_DESTROY_BY_RCU is tricky too, because a socket can be freed, reused, inserted in a different chain or in worst case in the same chain while readers could do lookups in the same time. In order to avoid loops, a reader must check each socket found in a chain really belongs to the chain the reader was traversing. If it finds a mismatch, lookup must start again at the begining. This *restart* loop is the reason we had to use rdlock for the multicast case, because we dont want to send same message several times to the same socket. We use RCU only for fast path. Thus, /proc/net/udp still takes spinlocks. Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <firstname.lastname@example.org> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <email@example.com>