Commit 786d7e16 authored by Alexey Dobriyan's avatar Alexey Dobriyan Committed by Linus Torvalds
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Fix rmmod/read/write races in /proc entries



Fix following races:
===========================================
1. Write via ->write_proc sleeps in copy_from_user(). Module disappears
   meanwhile. Or, more generically, system call done on /proc file, method
   supplied by module is called, module dissapeares meanwhile.

   pde = create_proc_entry()
   if (!pde)
	return -ENOMEM;
   pde->write_proc = ...
				open
				write
				copy_from_user
   pde = create_proc_entry();
   if (!pde) {
	remove_proc_entry();
	return -ENOMEM;
	/* module unloaded */
   }
				*boom*
==========================================
2. bogo-revoke aka proc_kill_inodes()

  remove_proc_entry		vfs_read
  proc_kill_inodes		[check ->f_op validness]
				[check ->f_op->read validness]
				[verify_area, security permissions checks]
	->f_op = NULL;
				if (file->f_op->read)
					/* ->f_op dereference, boom */

NOTE, NOTE, NOTE: file_operations are proxied for regular files only. Let's
see how this scheme behaves, then extend if needed for directories.
Directories creators in /proc only set ->owner for them, so proxying for
directories may be unneeded.

NOTE, NOTE, NOTE: methods being proxied are ->llseek, ->read, ->write,
->poll, ->unlocked_ioctl, ->ioctl, ->compat_ioctl, ->open, ->release.
If your in-tree module uses something else, yell on me. Full audit pending.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: build fix]
Signed-off-by: default avatarAlexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@sw.ru>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
parent 5568b0e8
......@@ -20,6 +20,7 @@
#include <linux/namei.h>
#include <linux/bitops.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/completion.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include "internal.h"
......@@ -613,6 +614,9 @@ static struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create(struct proc_dir_entry **parent,
ent->namelen = len;
ent->mode = mode;
ent->nlink = nlink;
ent->pde_users = 0;
spin_lock_init(&ent->pde_unload_lock);
ent->pde_unload_completion = NULL;
out:
return ent;
}
......@@ -734,9 +738,35 @@ void remove_proc_entry(const char *name, struct proc_dir_entry *parent)
de = *p;
*p = de->next;
de->next = NULL;
spin_lock(&de->pde_unload_lock);
/*
* Stop accepting new callers into module. If you're
* dynamically allocating ->proc_fops, save a pointer somewhere.
*/
de->proc_fops = NULL;
/* Wait until all existing callers into module are done. */
if (de->pde_users > 0) {
DECLARE_COMPLETION_ONSTACK(c);
if (!de->pde_unload_completion)
de->pde_unload_completion = &c;
spin_unlock(&de->pde_unload_lock);
spin_unlock(&proc_subdir_lock);
wait_for_completion(de->pde_unload_completion);
spin_lock(&proc_subdir_lock);
goto continue_removing;
}
spin_unlock(&de->pde_unload_lock);
continue_removing:
if (S_ISDIR(de->mode))
parent->nlink--;
proc_kill_inodes(de);
if (!S_ISREG(de->mode))
proc_kill_inodes(de);
de->nlink = 0;
WARN_ON(de->subdir);
if (!atomic_read(&de->count))
......
......@@ -10,6 +10,7 @@
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/stat.h>
#include <linux/completion.h>
#include <linux/file.h>
#include <linux/limits.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
......@@ -140,6 +141,251 @@ static const struct super_operations proc_sops = {
.remount_fs = proc_remount,
};
static void pde_users_dec(struct proc_dir_entry *pde)
{
spin_lock(&pde->pde_unload_lock);
pde->pde_users--;
if (pde->pde_unload_completion && pde->pde_users == 0)
complete(pde->pde_unload_completion);
spin_unlock(&pde->pde_unload_lock);
}
static loff_t proc_reg_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence)
{
struct proc_dir_entry *pde = PDE(file->f_path.dentry->d_inode);
loff_t rv = -EINVAL;
loff_t (*llseek)(struct file *, loff_t, int);
spin_lock(&pde->pde_unload_lock);
/*
* remove_proc_entry() is going to delete PDE (as part of module
* cleanup sequence). No new callers into module allowed.
*/
if (!pde->proc_fops) {
spin_unlock(&pde->pde_unload_lock);
return rv;
}
/*
* Bump refcount so that remove_proc_entry will wail for ->llseek to
* complete.
*/
pde->pde_users++;
/*
* Save function pointer under lock, to protect against ->proc_fops
* NULL'ifying right after ->pde_unload_lock is dropped.
*/
llseek = pde->proc_fops->llseek;
spin_unlock(&pde->pde_unload_lock);
if (!llseek)
llseek = default_llseek;
rv = llseek(file, offset, whence);
pde_users_dec(pde);
return rv;
}
static ssize_t proc_reg_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
struct proc_dir_entry *pde = PDE(file->f_path.dentry->d_inode);
ssize_t rv = -EIO;
ssize_t (*read)(struct file *, char __user *, size_t, loff_t *);
spin_lock(&pde->pde_unload_lock);
if (!pde->proc_fops) {
spin_unlock(&pde->pde_unload_lock);
return rv;
}
pde->pde_users++;
read = pde->proc_fops->read;
spin_unlock(&pde->pde_unload_lock);
if (read)
rv = read(file, buf, count, ppos);
pde_users_dec(pde);
return rv;
}
static ssize_t proc_reg_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
struct proc_dir_entry *pde = PDE(file->f_path.dentry->d_inode);
ssize_t rv = -EIO;
ssize_t (*write)(struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *);
spin_lock(&pde->pde_unload_lock);
if (!pde->proc_fops) {
spin_unlock(&pde->pde_unload_lock);
return rv;
}
pde->pde_users++;
write = pde->proc_fops->write;
spin_unlock(&pde->pde_unload_lock);
if (write)
rv = write(file, buf, count, ppos);
pde_users_dec(pde);
return rv;
}
static unsigned int proc_reg_poll(struct file *file, struct poll_table_struct *pts)
{
struct proc_dir_entry *pde = PDE(file->f_path.dentry->d_inode);
unsigned int rv = 0;
unsigned int (*poll)(struct file *, struct poll_table_struct *);
spin_lock(&pde->pde_unload_lock);
if (!pde->proc_fops) {
spin_unlock(&pde->pde_unload_lock);
return rv;
}
pde->pde_users++;
poll = pde->proc_fops->poll;
spin_unlock(&pde->pde_unload_lock);
if (poll)
rv = poll(file, pts);
pde_users_dec(pde);
return rv;
}
static long proc_reg_unlocked_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
{
struct proc_dir_entry *pde = PDE(file->f_path.dentry->d_inode);
long rv = -ENOTTY;
long (*unlocked_ioctl)(struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long);
int (*ioctl)(struct inode *, struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long);
spin_lock(&pde->pde_unload_lock);
if (!pde->proc_fops) {
spin_unlock(&pde->pde_unload_lock);
return rv;
}
pde->pde_users++;
unlocked_ioctl = pde->proc_fops->unlocked_ioctl;
ioctl = pde->proc_fops->ioctl;
spin_unlock(&pde->pde_unload_lock);
if (unlocked_ioctl) {
rv = unlocked_ioctl(file, cmd, arg);
if (rv == -ENOIOCTLCMD)
rv = -EINVAL;
} else if (ioctl) {
lock_kernel();
rv = ioctl(file->f_path.dentry->d_inode, file, cmd, arg);
unlock_kernel();
}
pde_users_dec(pde);
return rv;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
static long proc_reg_compat_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
{
struct proc_dir_entry *pde = PDE(file->f_path.dentry->d_inode);
long rv = -ENOTTY;
long (*compat_ioctl)(struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long);
spin_lock(&pde->pde_unload_lock);
if (!pde->proc_fops) {
spin_unlock(&pde->pde_unload_lock);
return rv;
}
pde->pde_users++;
compat_ioctl = pde->proc_fops->compat_ioctl;
spin_unlock(&pde->pde_unload_lock);
if (compat_ioctl)
rv = compat_ioctl(file, cmd, arg);
pde_users_dec(pde);
return rv;
}
#endif
static int proc_reg_mmap(struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
struct proc_dir_entry *pde = PDE(file->f_path.dentry->d_inode);
int rv = -EIO;
int (*mmap)(struct file *, struct vm_area_struct *);
spin_lock(&pde->pde_unload_lock);
if (!pde->proc_fops) {
spin_unlock(&pde->pde_unload_lock);
return rv;
}
pde->pde_users++;
mmap = pde->proc_fops->mmap;
spin_unlock(&pde->pde_unload_lock);
if (mmap)
rv = mmap(file, vma);
pde_users_dec(pde);
return rv;
}
static int proc_reg_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
struct proc_dir_entry *pde = PDE(inode);
int rv = 0;
int (*open)(struct inode *, struct file *);
spin_lock(&pde->pde_unload_lock);
if (!pde->proc_fops) {
spin_unlock(&pde->pde_unload_lock);
return rv;
}
pde->pde_users++;
open = pde->proc_fops->open;
spin_unlock(&pde->pde_unload_lock);
if (open)
rv = open(inode, file);
pde_users_dec(pde);
return rv;
}
static int proc_reg_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
struct proc_dir_entry *pde = PDE(inode);
int rv = 0;
int (*release)(struct inode *, struct file *);
spin_lock(&pde->pde_unload_lock);
if (!pde->proc_fops) {
spin_unlock(&pde->pde_unload_lock);
return rv;
}
pde->pde_users++;
release = pde->proc_fops->release;
spin_unlock(&pde->pde_unload_lock);
if (release)
rv = release(inode, file);
pde_users_dec(pde);
return rv;
}
static const struct file_operations proc_reg_file_ops = {
.llseek = proc_reg_llseek,
.read = proc_reg_read,
.write = proc_reg_write,
.poll = proc_reg_poll,
.unlocked_ioctl = proc_reg_unlocked_ioctl,
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
.compat_ioctl = proc_reg_compat_ioctl,
#endif
.mmap = proc_reg_mmap,
.open = proc_reg_open,
.release = proc_reg_release,
};
struct inode *proc_get_inode(struct super_block *sb, unsigned int ino,
struct proc_dir_entry *de)
{
......@@ -166,8 +412,12 @@ struct inode *proc_get_inode(struct super_block *sb, unsigned int ino,
inode->i_nlink = de->nlink;
if (de->proc_iops)
inode->i_op = de->proc_iops;
if (de->proc_fops)
inode->i_fop = de->proc_fops;
if (de->proc_fops) {
if (S_ISREG(inode->i_mode))
inode->i_fop = &proc_reg_file_ops;
else
inode->i_fop = de->proc_fops;
}
}
return inode;
......
......@@ -7,6 +7,8 @@
#include <linux/magic.h>
#include <asm/atomic.h>
struct completion;
/*
* The proc filesystem constants/structures
*/
......@@ -56,6 +58,14 @@ struct proc_dir_entry {
gid_t gid;
loff_t size;
const struct inode_operations *proc_iops;
/*
* NULL ->proc_fops means "PDE is going away RSN" or
* "PDE is just created". In either case, e.g. ->read_proc won't be
* called because it's too late or too early, respectively.
*
* If you're allocating ->proc_fops dynamically, save a pointer
* somewhere.
*/
const struct file_operations *proc_fops;
get_info_t *get_info;
struct module *owner;
......@@ -66,6 +76,9 @@ struct proc_dir_entry {
atomic_t count; /* use count */
int deleted; /* delete flag */
void *set;
int pde_users; /* number of callers into module in progress */
spinlock_t pde_unload_lock; /* proc_fops checks and pde_users bumps */
struct completion *pde_unload_completion;
};
struct kcore_list {
......
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