memremap.h 5.36 KB
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/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
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#ifndef _LINUX_MEMREMAP_H_
#define _LINUX_MEMREMAP_H_
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#include <linux/ioport.h>
#include <linux/percpu-refcount.h>
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struct resource;
struct device;
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/**
 * struct vmem_altmap - pre-allocated storage for vmemmap_populate
 * @base_pfn: base of the entire dev_pagemap mapping
 * @reserve: pages mapped, but reserved for driver use (relative to @base)
 * @free: free pages set aside in the mapping for memmap storage
 * @align: pages reserved to meet allocation alignments
 * @alloc: track pages consumed, private to vmemmap_populate()
 */
struct vmem_altmap {
	const unsigned long base_pfn;
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	const unsigned long end_pfn;
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	const unsigned long reserve;
	unsigned long free;
	unsigned long align;
	unsigned long alloc;
};

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/*
 * Specialize ZONE_DEVICE memory into multiple types each having differents
 * usage.
 *
 * MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE:
 * Device memory that is not directly addressable by the CPU: CPU can neither
 * read nor write private memory. In this case, we do still have struct pages
 * backing the device memory. Doing so simplifies the implementation, but it is
 * important to remember that there are certain points at which the struct page
 * must be treated as an opaque object, rather than a "normal" struct page.
 *
 * A more complete discussion of unaddressable memory may be found in
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 * include/linux/hmm.h and Documentation/vm/hmm.rst.
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 *
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 * MEMORY_DEVICE_FS_DAX:
 * Host memory that has similar access semantics as System RAM i.e. DMA
 * coherent and supports page pinning. In support of coordinating page
 * pinning vs other operations MEMORY_DEVICE_FS_DAX arranges for a
 * wakeup event whenever a page is unpinned and becomes idle. This
 * wakeup is used to coordinate physical address space management (ex:
 * fs truncate/hole punch) vs pinned pages (ex: device dma).
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 *
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 * MEMORY_DEVICE_DEVDAX:
 * Host memory that has similar access semantics as System RAM i.e. DMA
 * coherent and supports page pinning. In contrast to
 * MEMORY_DEVICE_FS_DAX, this memory is access via a device-dax
 * character device.
 *
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 * MEMORY_DEVICE_PCI_P2PDMA:
 * Device memory residing in a PCI BAR intended for use with Peer-to-Peer
 * transactions.
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 */
enum memory_type {
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	/* 0 is reserved to catch uninitialized type fields */
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	MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE = 1,
	MEMORY_DEVICE_FS_DAX,
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	MEMORY_DEVICE_DEVDAX,
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	MEMORY_DEVICE_PCI_P2PDMA,
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};

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struct dev_pagemap_ops {
	/*
	 * Called once the page refcount reaches 1.  (ZONE_DEVICE pages never
	 * reach 0 refcount unless there is a refcount bug. This allows the
	 * device driver to implement its own memory management.)
	 */
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	void (*page_free)(struct page *page);
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	/*
	 * Transition the refcount in struct dev_pagemap to the dead state.
	 */
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	void (*kill)(struct dev_pagemap *pgmap);
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	/*
	 * Wait for refcount in struct dev_pagemap to be idle and reap it.
	 */
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	void (*cleanup)(struct dev_pagemap *pgmap);
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	/*
	 * Used for private (un-addressable) device memory only.  Must migrate
	 * the page back to a CPU accessible page.
	 */
	vm_fault_t (*migrate_to_ram)(struct vm_fault *vmf);
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};
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#define PGMAP_ALTMAP_VALID	(1 << 0)

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/**
 * struct dev_pagemap - metadata for ZONE_DEVICE mappings
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 * @altmap: pre-allocated/reserved memory for vmemmap allocations
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 * @res: physical address range covered by @ref
 * @ref: reference count that pins the devm_memremap_pages() mapping
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 * @internal_ref: internal reference if @ref is not provided by the caller
 * @done: completion for @internal_ref
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 * @dev: host device of the mapping for debug
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 * @data: private data pointer for page_free()
 * @type: memory type: see MEMORY_* in memory_hotplug.h
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 * @flags: PGMAP_* flags to specify defailed behavior
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 * @ops: method table
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 */
struct dev_pagemap {
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	struct vmem_altmap altmap;
	struct resource res;
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	struct percpu_ref *ref;
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	struct percpu_ref internal_ref;
	struct completion done;
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	enum memory_type type;
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	unsigned int flags;
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	const struct dev_pagemap_ops *ops;
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};

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static inline struct vmem_altmap *pgmap_altmap(struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
{
	if (pgmap->flags & PGMAP_ALTMAP_VALID)
		return &pgmap->altmap;
	return NULL;
}

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#ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE
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void *memremap_pages(struct dev_pagemap *pgmap, int nid);
void memunmap_pages(struct dev_pagemap *pgmap);
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void *devm_memremap_pages(struct device *dev, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap);
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void devm_memunmap_pages(struct device *dev, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap);
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struct dev_pagemap *get_dev_pagemap(unsigned long pfn,
		struct dev_pagemap *pgmap);
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unsigned long vmem_altmap_offset(struct vmem_altmap *altmap);
void vmem_altmap_free(struct vmem_altmap *altmap, unsigned long nr_pfns);
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#else
static inline void *devm_memremap_pages(struct device *dev,
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		struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
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{
	/*
	 * Fail attempts to call devm_memremap_pages() without
	 * ZONE_DEVICE support enabled, this requires callers to fall
	 * back to plain devm_memremap() based on config
	 */
	WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
	return ERR_PTR(-ENXIO);
}

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static inline void devm_memunmap_pages(struct device *dev,
		struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
{
}

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static inline struct dev_pagemap *get_dev_pagemap(unsigned long pfn,
		struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
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{
	return NULL;
}
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static inline unsigned long vmem_altmap_offset(struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
{
	return 0;
}

static inline void vmem_altmap_free(struct vmem_altmap *altmap,
		unsigned long nr_pfns)
{
}
#endif /* CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE */
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static inline void put_dev_pagemap(struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
{
	if (pgmap)
		percpu_ref_put(pgmap->ref);
}
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#endif /* _LINUX_MEMREMAP_H_ */