Commit 06989c79 authored by Filipe Manana's avatar Filipe Manana Committed by David Sterba
Browse files

Btrfs: fix race updating log root item during fsync

When syncing the log, the final phase of a fsync operation, we need to
either create a log root's item or update the existing item in the log
tree of log roots, and that depends on the current value of the log
root's log_transid - if it's 1 we need to create the log root item,
otherwise it must exist already and we update it. Since there is no
synchronization between updating the log_transid and checking it for
deciding whether the log root's item needs to be created or updated, we
end up with a tiny race window that results in attempts to update the
item to fail because the item was not yet created:

              CPU 1                                    CPU 2


    lock root->log_mutex

    set log root's log_transid to 1

    unlock root->log_mutex


                                                 lock root->log_mutex

                                                 sets log root's
                                                 log_transid to 2

                                                 unlock root->log_mutex


      sees log root's log_transid
      with a value of 2

        calls btrfs_update_root(),
        which fails with -EUCLEAN
        and causes transaction abort

Until recently the race lead to a BUG_ON at btrfs_update_root(), but after
the recent commit 7ac1e464 ("btrfs: Don't panic when we can't find a
root key") we just abort the current transaction.

A sample trace of the BUG_ON() on a SLE12 kernel:

  ------------[ cut here ]------------
  kernel BUG at ../fs/btrfs/root-tree.c:157!
  Oops: Exception in kernel mode, sig: 5 [#1]
  SMP NR_CPUS=2048 NUMA pSeries
  Supported: Yes, External
  CPU: 78 PID: 76303 Comm: rtas_errd Tainted: G                 X 4.4.156-94.57-default #1
  task: c00000ffa906d010 ti: c00000ff42b08000 task.ti: c00000ff42b08000
  NIP: d000000036ae5cdc LR: d000000036ae5cd8 CTR: 0000000000000000
  REGS: c00000ff42b0b860 TRAP: 0700   Tainted: G                 X  (4.4.156-94.57-default)
  MSR: 8000000002029033 <SF,VEC,EE,ME,IR,DR,RI,LE>  CR: 22444484  XER: 20000000
  CFAR: d000000036aba66c SOFTE: 1
  GPR00: d000000036ae5cd8 c00000ff42b0bae0 d000000036bda220 0000000000000054
  GPR04: 0000000000000001 0000000000000000 c00007ffff8d37c8 0000000000000000
  GPR08: c000000000e19c00 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 3736343438312079
  GPR12: 3930373337303434 c000000007a3a800 00000000007fffff 0000000000000023
  GPR16: c00000ffa9d26028 c00000ffa9d261f8 0000000000000010 c00000ffa9d2ab28
  GPR20: c00000ff42b0bc48 0000000000000001 c00000ff9f0d9888 0000000000000001
  GPR24: c00000ffa9d26000 c00000ffa9d261e8 c00000ffa9d2a800 c00000ff9f0d9888
  GPR28: c00000ffa9d26028 c00000ffa9d2aa98 0000000000000001 c00000ffa98f5b20
  NIP [d000000036ae5cdc] btrfs_update_root+0x25c/0x4e0 [btrfs]
  LR [d000000036ae5cd8] btrfs_update_root+0x258/0x4e0 [btrfs]
  Call Trace:
  [c00000ff42b0bae0] [d000000036ae5cd8] btrfs_update_root+0x258/0x4e0 [btrfs] (unreliable)
  [c00000ff42b0bba0] [d000000036b53610] btrfs_sync_log+0x2d0/0xc60 [btrfs]
  [c00000ff42b0bce0] [d000000036b1785c] btrfs_sync_file+0x44c/0x4e0 [btrfs]
  [c00000ff42b0bd80] [c00000000032e300] vfs_fsync_range+0x70/0x120
  [c00000ff42b0bdd0] [c00000000032e44c] do_fsync+0x5c/0xb0
  [c00000ff42b0be10] [c00000000032e8dc] SyS_fdatasync+0x2c/0x40
  [c00000ff42b0be30] [c000000000009488] system_call+0x3c/0x100
  Instruction dump:
  7f43d378 4bffebb9 60000000 88d90008 3d220000 e8b90000 3b390009 e87a01f0
  e8898e08 e8f90000 4bfd48e5 60000000 <0fe00000> e95b0060 39200004 394a0ea0
  ---[ end trace 8f2dc8f919cabab8 ]---

So fix this by doing the check of log_transid and updating or creating the
log root's item while holding the root's log_mutex.

Fixes: 7237f183

 ("Btrfs: fix tree logs parallel sync")
CC: # 4.4+
Signed-off-by: default avatarFilipe Manana <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid Sterba <>
parent 5338e43a
......@@ -3109,6 +3109,12 @@ int btrfs_sync_log(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
log->log_transid = root->log_transid;
root->log_start_pid = 0;
* Update or create log root item under the root's log_mutex to prevent
* races with concurrent log syncs that can lead to failure to update
* log root item because it was not created yet.
ret = update_log_root(trans, log);
* IO has been started, blocks of the log tree have WRITTEN flag set
* in their headers. new modifications of the log will be written to
......@@ -3128,8 +3134,6 @@ int btrfs_sync_log(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
ret = update_log_root(trans, log);
if (atomic_dec_and_test(&log_root_tree->log_writers)) {
/* atomic_dec_and_test implies a barrier */
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