Commit 0d836392 authored by Filipe Manana's avatar Filipe Manana Committed by David Sterba
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Btrfs: fix mount failure after fsync due to hard link recreation

If we end up with logging an inode reference item which has the same name
but different index from the one we have persisted, we end up failing when
replaying the log with an errno value of -EEXIST. The error comes from
btrfs_add_link(), which is called from add_inode_ref(), when we are
replaying an inode reference item.

Example scenario where this happens:

  $ mkfs.btrfs -f /dev/sdb
  $ mount /dev/sdb /mnt

  $ touch /mnt/foo
  $ ln /mnt/foo /mnt/bar

  $ sync

  # Rename the first hard link (foo) to a new name and rename the second
  # hard link (bar) to the old name of the first hard link (foo).
  $ mv /mnt/foo /mnt/qwerty
  $ mv /mnt/bar /mnt/foo

  # Create a new file, in the same parent directory, with the old name of
  # the second hard link (bar) and fsync this new file.
  # We do this instead of calling fsync on foo/qwerty because if we did
  # that the fsync resulted in a full transaction commit, not triggering
  # the problem.
  $ touch /mnt/bar
  $ xfs_io -c "fsync" /mnt/bar

  <power fail>

  $ mount /dev/sdb /mnt
  mount: mount /dev/sdb on /mnt failed: File exists

So fix this by checking if a conflicting inode reference exists (same
name, same parent but different index), removing it (and the associated
dir index entries from the parent inode) if it exists, before attempting
to add the new reference.

A test case for fstests follows soon.

CC: # 4.4+
Signed-off-by: default avatarFilipe Manana <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid Sterba <>
parent 4559b0a7
......@@ -1290,6 +1290,46 @@ again:
return ret;
static int btrfs_inode_ref_exists(struct inode *inode, struct inode *dir,
const u8 ref_type, const char *name,
const int namelen)
struct btrfs_key key;
struct btrfs_path *path;
const u64 parent_id = btrfs_ino(BTRFS_I(dir));
int ret;
path = btrfs_alloc_path();
if (!path)
return -ENOMEM;
key.objectid = btrfs_ino(BTRFS_I(inode));
key.type = ref_type;
if (key.type == BTRFS_INODE_REF_KEY)
key.offset = parent_id;
key.offset = btrfs_extref_hash(parent_id, name, namelen);
ret = btrfs_search_slot(NULL, BTRFS_I(inode)->root, &key, path, 0, 0);
if (ret < 0)
goto out;
if (ret > 0) {
ret = 0;
goto out;
if (key.type == BTRFS_INODE_EXTREF_KEY)
ret = btrfs_find_name_in_ext_backref(path->nodes[0],
path->slots[0], parent_id,
name, namelen, NULL);
ret = btrfs_find_name_in_backref(path->nodes[0], path->slots[0],
name, namelen, NULL);
return ret;
* replay one inode back reference item found in the log tree.
* eb, slot and key refer to the buffer and key found in the log tree.
......@@ -1399,6 +1439,32 @@ static noinline int add_inode_ref(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
* If a reference item already exists for this inode
* with the same parent and name, but different index,
* drop it and the corresponding directory index entries
* from the parent before adding the new reference item
* and dir index entries, otherwise we would fail with
* -EEXIST returned from btrfs_add_link() below.
ret = btrfs_inode_ref_exists(inode, dir, key->type,
name, namelen);
if (ret > 0) {
ret = btrfs_unlink_inode(trans, root,
name, namelen);
* If we dropped the link count to 0, bump it so
* that later the iput() on the inode will not
* free it. We will fixup the link count later.
if (!ret && inode->i_nlink == 0)
if (ret < 0)
goto out;
/* insert our name */
ret = btrfs_add_link(trans, BTRFS_I(dir),
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