Commit 410f954c authored by Filipe Manana's avatar Filipe Manana Committed by David Sterba
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Btrfs: fix assertion failure during fsync and use of stale transaction

Sometimes when fsync'ing a file we need to log that other inodes exist and
when we need to do that we acquire a reference on the inodes and then drop
that reference using iput() after logging them.

That generally is not a problem except if we end up doing the final iput()
(dropping the last reference) on the inode and that inode has a link count
of 0, which can happen in a very short time window if the logging path
gets a reference on the inode while it's being unlinked.

In that case we end up getting the eviction callback, btrfs_evict_inode(),
invoked through the iput() call chain which needs to drop all of the
inode's items from its subvolume btree, and in order to do that, it needs
to join a transaction at the helper function evict_refill_and_join().
However because the task previously started a transaction at the fsync
handler, btrfs_sync_file(), it has current->journal_info already pointing
to a transaction handle and therefore evict_refill_and_join() will get
that transaction handle from btrfs_join_transaction(). From this point on,
two different problems can happen:

1) evict_refill_and_join() will often change the transaction handle's
   block reserve (->block_rsv) and set its ->bytes_reserved field to a
   value greater than 0. If evict_refill_and_join() never commits the
   transaction, the eviction handler ends up decreasing the reference
   count (->use_count) of the transaction handle through the call to
   btrfs_end_transaction(), and after that point we have a transaction
   handle with a NULL ->block_rsv (which is the value prior to the
   transaction join from evict_refill_and_join()) and a ->bytes_reserved
   value greater than 0. If after the eviction/iput completes the inode
   logging path hits an error or it decides that it must fallback to a
   transaction commit, the btrfs fsync handle, btrfs_sync_file(), gets a
   non-zero value from btrfs_log_dentry_safe(), and because of that
   non-zero value it tries to commit the transaction using a handle with
   a NULL ->block_rsv and a non-zero ->bytes_reserved value. This makes
   the transaction commit hit an assertion failure at
   btrfs_trans_release_metadata() because ->bytes_reserved is not zero but
   the ->block_rsv is NULL. The produced stack trace for that is like the

   [192922.917158] assertion failed: !trans->bytes_reserved, file: fs/btrfs/transaction.c, line: 816
   [192922.917553] ------------[ cut here ]------------
   [192922.917922] kernel BUG at fs/btrfs/ctree.h:3532!
   [192922.918310] invalid opcode: 0000 [#1] SMP DEBUG_PAGEALLOC PTI
   [192922.918666] CPU: 2 PID: 883 Comm: fsstress Tainted: G        W         5.1.4-btrfs-next-47 #1
   [192922.919035] Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS 04/01/2014
   [192922.919801] RIP: 0010:assfail.constprop.25+0x18/0x1a [btrfs]
   [192922.920925] RSP: 0018:ffffaebdc8a27da8 EFLAGS: 00010286
   [192922.921315] RAX: 0000000000000051 RBX: ffff95c9c16a41c0 RCX: 0000000000000000
   [192922.921692] RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: ffff95cab6b16838 RDI: ffff95cab6b16838
   [192922.922066] RBP: ffff95c9c16a41c0 R08: 0000000000000000 R09: 0000000000000000
   [192922.922442] R10: ffffaebdc8a27e70 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: ffff95ca731a0980
   [192922.922820] R13: 0000000000000000 R14: ffff95ca84c73338 R15: ffff95ca731a0ea8
   [192922.923200] FS:  00007f337eda4e80(0000) GS:ffff95cab6b00000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
   [192922.923579] CS:  0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
   [192922.923948] CR2: 00007f337edad000 CR3: 00000001e00f6002 CR4: 00000000003606e0
   [192922.924329] DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
   [192922.924711] DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
   [192922.925105] Call Trace:
   [192922.925505]  btrfs_trans_release_metadata+0x10c/0x170 [btrfs]
   [192922.925911]  btrfs_commit_transaction+0x3e/0xaf0 [btrfs]
   [192922.926324]  btrfs_sync_file+0x44c/0x490 [btrfs]
   [192922.926731]  do_fsync+0x38/0x60
   [192922.927138]  __x64_sys_fdatasync+0x13/0x20
   [192922.927543]  do_syscall_64+0x60/0x1c0
   [192922.927939]  entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe
   [192922.934077] ---[ end trace f00808b12068168f ]---

2) If evict_refill_and_join() decides to commit the transaction, it will
   be able to do it, since the nested transaction join only increments the
   transaction handle's ->use_count reference counter and it does not
   prevent the transaction from getting committed. This means that after
   eviction completes, the fsync logging path will be using a transaction
   handle that refers to an already committed transaction. What happens
   when using such a stale transaction can be unpredictable, we are at
   least having a use-after-free on the transaction handle itself, since
   the transaction commit will call kmem_cache_free() against the handle
   regardless of its ->use_count value, or we can end up silently losing
   all the updates to the log tree after that iput() in the logging path,
   or using a transaction handle that in the meanwhile was allocated to
   another task for a new transaction, etc, pretty much unpredictable
   what can happen.

In order to fix both of them, instead of using iput() during logging, use
btrfs_add_delayed_iput(), so that the logging path of fsync never drops
the last reference on an inode, that step is offloaded to a safe context
(usually the cleaner kthread).

The assertion failure issue was sporadically triggered by the test case
generic/475 from fstests, which loads the dm error target while fsstress
is running, which lead to fsync failing while logging inodes with -EIO
errors and then trying later to commit the transaction, triggering the
assertion failure.

CC: # 4.4+
Reviewed-by: default avatarJosef Bacik <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarFilipe Manana <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid Sterba <>
parent 07301df7
......@@ -4985,7 +4985,7 @@ static int log_conflicting_inodes(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
0, LLONG_MAX, ctx);
......@@ -5000,7 +5000,7 @@ static int log_conflicting_inodes(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
ret = btrfs_log_inode(trans, root, BTRFS_I(inode),
if (ret) {
......@@ -5009,7 +5009,7 @@ static int log_conflicting_inodes(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
key.offset = 0;
ret = btrfs_search_slot(NULL, root, &key, path, 0, 0);
if (ret < 0) {
......@@ -5056,7 +5056,7 @@ static int log_conflicting_inodes(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
return ret;
......@@ -5689,7 +5689,7 @@ process_leaf:
if (btrfs_inode_in_log(BTRFS_I(di_inode), trans->transid)) {
......@@ -5701,7 +5701,7 @@ process_leaf:
if (!ret &&
btrfs_must_commit_transaction(trans, BTRFS_I(di_inode)))
ret = 1;
if (ret)
goto next_dir_inode;
if (ctx->log_new_dentries) {
......@@ -5848,7 +5848,7 @@ static int btrfs_log_all_parents(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
if (!ret && ctx && ctx->log_new_dentries)
ret = log_new_dir_dentries(trans, root,
BTRFS_I(dir_inode), ctx);
if (ret)
goto out;
......@@ -5891,7 +5891,7 @@ static int log_new_ancestors(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
ret = btrfs_log_inode(trans, root, BTRFS_I(inode),
0, LLONG_MAX, ctx);
if (ret)
return ret;
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