Commit 4c6926a2 authored by Dave Jiang's avatar Dave Jiang Committed by Dan Williams
Browse files

acpi/nfit, libnvdimm: Add unlock of nvdimm support for Intel DIMMs



Add support to unlock the dimm via the kernel key management APIs. The
passphrase is expected to be pulled from userspace through keyutils.
The key management and sysfs attributes are libnvdimm generic.

Encrypted keys are used to protect the nvdimm passphrase at rest. The
master key can be a trusted-key sealed in a TPM, preferred, or an
encrypted-key, more flexible, but more exposure to a potential attacker.
Signed-off-by: default avatarDave Jiang <dave.jiang@intel.com>
Co-developed-by: default avatarDan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Reported-by: default avatarRandy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarDan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
parent 37833fb7
......@@ -3,6 +3,7 @@
#include <linux/libnvdimm.h>
#include <linux/ndctl.h>
#include <linux/acpi.h>
#include <asm/smp.h>
#include "intel.h"
#include "nfit.h"
......@@ -75,8 +76,116 @@ static int intel_security_freeze(struct nvdimm *nvdimm)
return 0;
}
static int intel_security_change_key(struct nvdimm *nvdimm,
const struct nvdimm_key_data *old_data,
const struct nvdimm_key_data *new_data)
{
struct nfit_mem *nfit_mem = nvdimm_provider_data(nvdimm);
struct {
struct nd_cmd_pkg pkg;
struct nd_intel_set_passphrase cmd;
} nd_cmd = {
.pkg = {
.nd_command = NVDIMM_INTEL_SET_PASSPHRASE,
.nd_family = NVDIMM_FAMILY_INTEL,
.nd_size_in = ND_INTEL_PASSPHRASE_SIZE * 2,
.nd_size_out = ND_INTEL_STATUS_SIZE,
.nd_fw_size = ND_INTEL_STATUS_SIZE,
},
};
int rc;
if (!test_bit(NVDIMM_INTEL_SET_PASSPHRASE, &nfit_mem->dsm_mask))
return -ENOTTY;
if (old_data)
memcpy(nd_cmd.cmd.old_pass, old_data->data,
sizeof(nd_cmd.cmd.old_pass));
memcpy(nd_cmd.cmd.new_pass, new_data->data,
sizeof(nd_cmd.cmd.new_pass));
rc = nvdimm_ctl(nvdimm, ND_CMD_CALL, &nd_cmd, sizeof(nd_cmd), NULL);
if (rc < 0)
return rc;
switch (nd_cmd.cmd.status) {
case 0:
return 0;
case ND_INTEL_STATUS_INVALID_PASS:
return -EINVAL;
case ND_INTEL_STATUS_NOT_SUPPORTED:
return -EOPNOTSUPP;
case ND_INTEL_STATUS_INVALID_STATE:
default:
return -EIO;
}
}
static void nvdimm_invalidate_cache(void);
static int intel_security_unlock(struct nvdimm *nvdimm,
const struct nvdimm_key_data *key_data)
{
struct nfit_mem *nfit_mem = nvdimm_provider_data(nvdimm);
struct {
struct nd_cmd_pkg pkg;
struct nd_intel_unlock_unit cmd;
} nd_cmd = {
.pkg = {
.nd_command = NVDIMM_INTEL_UNLOCK_UNIT,
.nd_family = NVDIMM_FAMILY_INTEL,
.nd_size_in = ND_INTEL_PASSPHRASE_SIZE,
.nd_size_out = ND_INTEL_STATUS_SIZE,
.nd_fw_size = ND_INTEL_STATUS_SIZE,
},
};
int rc;
if (!test_bit(NVDIMM_INTEL_UNLOCK_UNIT, &nfit_mem->dsm_mask))
return -ENOTTY;
memcpy(nd_cmd.cmd.passphrase, key_data->data,
sizeof(nd_cmd.cmd.passphrase));
rc = nvdimm_ctl(nvdimm, ND_CMD_CALL, &nd_cmd, sizeof(nd_cmd), NULL);
if (rc < 0)
return rc;
switch (nd_cmd.cmd.status) {
case 0:
break;
case ND_INTEL_STATUS_INVALID_PASS:
return -EINVAL;
default:
return -EIO;
}
/* DIMM unlocked, invalidate all CPU caches before we read it */
nvdimm_invalidate_cache();
return 0;
}
/*
* TODO: define a cross arch wbinvd equivalent when/if
* NVDIMM_FAMILY_INTEL command support arrives on another arch.
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_X86
static void nvdimm_invalidate_cache(void)
{
wbinvd_on_all_cpus();
}
#else
static void nvdimm_invalidate_cache(void)
{
WARN_ON_ONCE("cache invalidation required after unlock\n");
}
#endif
static const struct nvdimm_security_ops __intel_security_ops = {
.state = intel_security_state,
.freeze = intel_security_freeze,
.change_key = intel_security_change_key,
#ifdef CONFIG_X86
.unlock = intel_security_unlock,
#endif
};
const struct nvdimm_security_ops *intel_security_ops = &__intel_security_ops;
......@@ -112,4 +112,9 @@ config OF_PMEM
Select Y if unsure.
config NVDIMM_KEYS
def_bool y
depends on ENCRYPTED_KEYS
depends on (LIBNVDIMM=ENCRYPTED_KEYS) || LIBNVDIMM=m
endif
......@@ -27,3 +27,4 @@ libnvdimm-$(CONFIG_ND_CLAIM) += claim.o
libnvdimm-$(CONFIG_BTT) += btt_devs.o
libnvdimm-$(CONFIG_NVDIMM_PFN) += pfn_devs.o
libnvdimm-$(CONFIG_NVDIMM_DAX) += dax_devs.o
libnvdimm-$(CONFIG_NVDIMM_KEYS) += security.o
......@@ -34,7 +34,11 @@ static int nvdimm_probe(struct device *dev)
return rc;
}
/* reset locked, to be validated below... */
/*
* The locked status bit reflects explicit status codes from the
* label reading commands, revalidate it each time the driver is
* activated and re-reads the label area.
*/
nvdimm_clear_locked(dev);
ndd = kzalloc(sizeof(*ndd), GFP_KERNEL);
......@@ -51,6 +55,16 @@ static int nvdimm_probe(struct device *dev)
get_device(dev);
kref_init(&ndd->kref);
/*
* Attempt to unlock, if the DIMM supports security commands,
* otherwise the locked indication is determined by explicit
* status codes from the label reading commands.
*/
rc = nvdimm_security_unlock(dev);
if (rc < 0)
dev_err(dev, "failed to unlock dimm: %d\n", rc);
/*
* EACCES failures reading the namespace label-area-properties
* are interpreted as the DIMM capacity being locked but the
......
......@@ -250,6 +250,14 @@ long nvdimm_clear_poison(struct device *dev, phys_addr_t phys,
void nvdimm_set_aliasing(struct device *dev);
void nvdimm_set_locked(struct device *dev);
void nvdimm_clear_locked(struct device *dev);
#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NVDIMM_KEYS)
int nvdimm_security_unlock(struct device *dev);
#else
static inline int nvdimm_security_unlock(struct device *dev)
{
return 0;
}
#endif
struct nd_btt *to_nd_btt(struct device *dev);
struct nd_gen_sb {
......
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/* Copyright(c) 2018 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. */
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/ndctl.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/io.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/cred.h>
#include <linux/key.h>
#include <linux/key-type.h>
#include <keys/user-type.h>
#include <keys/encrypted-type.h>
#include "nd-core.h"
#include "nd.h"
static bool key_revalidate = true;
module_param(key_revalidate, bool, 0444);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(key_revalidate, "Require key validation at init.");
static void *key_data(struct key *key)
{
struct encrypted_key_payload *epayload = dereference_key_locked(key);
lockdep_assert_held_read(&key->sem);
return epayload->decrypted_data;
}
static void nvdimm_put_key(struct key *key)
{
up_read(&key->sem);
key_put(key);
}
/*
* Retrieve kernel key for DIMM and request from user space if
* necessary. Returns a key held for read and must be put by
* nvdimm_put_key() before the usage goes out of scope.
*/
static struct key *nvdimm_request_key(struct nvdimm *nvdimm)
{
struct key *key = NULL;
static const char NVDIMM_PREFIX[] = "nvdimm:";
char desc[NVDIMM_KEY_DESC_LEN + sizeof(NVDIMM_PREFIX)];
struct device *dev = &nvdimm->dev;
sprintf(desc, "%s%s", NVDIMM_PREFIX, nvdimm->dimm_id);
key = request_key(&key_type_encrypted, desc, "");
if (IS_ERR(key)) {
if (PTR_ERR(key) == -ENOKEY)
dev_warn(dev, "request_key() found no key\n");
else
dev_warn(dev, "request_key() upcall failed\n");
key = NULL;
} else {
struct encrypted_key_payload *epayload;
down_read(&key->sem);
epayload = dereference_key_locked(key);
if (epayload->decrypted_datalen != NVDIMM_PASSPHRASE_LEN) {
up_read(&key->sem);
key_put(key);
key = NULL;
}
}
return key;
}
static struct key *nvdimm_key_revalidate(struct nvdimm *nvdimm)
{
struct key *key;
int rc;
if (!nvdimm->sec.ops->change_key)
return NULL;
key = nvdimm_request_key(nvdimm);
if (!key)
return NULL;
/*
* Send the same key to the hardware as new and old key to
* verify that the key is good.
*/
rc = nvdimm->sec.ops->change_key(nvdimm, key_data(key), key_data(key));
if (rc < 0) {
nvdimm_put_key(key);
key = NULL;
}
return key;
}
static int __nvdimm_security_unlock(struct nvdimm *nvdimm)
{
struct device *dev = &nvdimm->dev;
struct nvdimm_bus *nvdimm_bus = walk_to_nvdimm_bus(dev);
struct key *key = NULL;
int rc;
/* The bus lock should be held at the top level of the call stack */
lockdep_assert_held(&nvdimm_bus->reconfig_mutex);
if (!nvdimm->sec.ops || !nvdimm->sec.ops->unlock
|| nvdimm->sec.state < 0)
return -EIO;
/*
* If the pre-OS has unlocked the DIMM, attempt to send the key
* from request_key() to the hardware for verification. Failure
* to revalidate the key against the hardware results in a
* freeze of the security configuration. I.e. if the OS does not
* have the key, security is being managed pre-OS.
*/
if (nvdimm->sec.state == NVDIMM_SECURITY_UNLOCKED) {
if (!key_revalidate)
return 0;
key = nvdimm_key_revalidate(nvdimm);
if (!key)
return nvdimm_security_freeze(nvdimm);
} else
key = nvdimm_request_key(nvdimm);
if (!key)
return -ENOKEY;
rc = nvdimm->sec.ops->unlock(nvdimm, key_data(key));
dev_dbg(dev, "key: %d unlock: %s\n", key_serial(key),
rc == 0 ? "success" : "fail");
nvdimm_put_key(key);
nvdimm->sec.state = nvdimm_security_state(nvdimm);
return rc;
}
int nvdimm_security_unlock(struct device *dev)
{
struct nvdimm *nvdimm = to_nvdimm(dev);
int rc;
nvdimm_bus_lock(dev);
rc = __nvdimm_security_unlock(nvdimm);
nvdimm_bus_unlock(dev);
return rc;
}
......@@ -163,9 +163,21 @@ enum nvdimm_security_state {
NVDIMM_SECURITY_OVERWRITE,
};
#define NVDIMM_PASSPHRASE_LEN 32
#define NVDIMM_KEY_DESC_LEN 22
struct nvdimm_key_data {
u8 data[NVDIMM_PASSPHRASE_LEN];
};
struct nvdimm_security_ops {
enum nvdimm_security_state (*state)(struct nvdimm *nvdimm);
int (*freeze)(struct nvdimm *nvdimm);
int (*change_key)(struct nvdimm *nvdimm,
const struct nvdimm_key_data *old_data,
const struct nvdimm_key_data *new_data);
int (*unlock)(struct nvdimm *nvdimm,
const struct nvdimm_key_data *key_data);
};
void badrange_init(struct badrange *badrange);
......
......@@ -80,6 +80,7 @@ libnvdimm-$(CONFIG_ND_CLAIM) += $(NVDIMM_SRC)/claim.o
libnvdimm-$(CONFIG_BTT) += $(NVDIMM_SRC)/btt_devs.o
libnvdimm-$(CONFIG_NVDIMM_PFN) += $(NVDIMM_SRC)/pfn_devs.o
libnvdimm-$(CONFIG_NVDIMM_DAX) += $(NVDIMM_SRC)/dax_devs.o
libnvdimm-$(CONFIG_NVDIMM_KEYS) += $(NVDIMM_SRC)/security.o
libnvdimm-y += libnvdimm_test.o
libnvdimm-y += config_check.o
......
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