Commit 6578171a authored by Daniel Borkmann's avatar Daniel Borkmann Committed by David S. Miller
Browse files

bpf: add bpf_skb_change_proto helper



This patch adds a minimal helper for doing the groundwork of changing
the skb->protocol in a controlled way. Currently supported is v4 to
v6 and vice versa transitions, which allows f.e. for a minimal, static
nat64 implementation where applications in containers that still
require IPv4 can be transparently operated in an IPv6-only environment.
For example, host facing veth of the container can transparently do
the transitions in a programmatic way with the help of clsact qdisc
and cls_bpf.

Idea is to separate concerns for keeping complexity of the helper
lower, which means that the programs utilize bpf_skb_change_proto(),
bpf_skb_store_bytes() and bpf_lX_csum_replace() to get the job done,
instead of doing everything in a single helper (and thus partially
duplicating helper functionality). Also, bpf_skb_change_proto()
shouldn't need to deal with raw packet data as this is done by other
helpers.

bpf_skb_proto_6_to_4() and bpf_skb_proto_4_to_6() unclone the skb to
operate on a private one, push or pop additionally required header
space and migrate the gso/gro meta data from the shared info. We do
mark the gso type as dodgy so that headers are checked and segs
recalculated by the gso/gro engine. The gso_size target is adapted
as well. The flags argument added is currently reserved and can be
used for future extensions.
Signed-off-by: default avatarDaniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Acked-by: default avatarAlexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
parent 80b48c44
......@@ -313,6 +313,20 @@ enum bpf_func_id {
*/
BPF_FUNC_skb_get_tunnel_opt,
BPF_FUNC_skb_set_tunnel_opt,
/**
* bpf_skb_change_proto(skb, proto, flags)
* Change protocol of the skb. Currently supported is
* v4 -> v6, v6 -> v4 transitions. The helper will also
* resize the skb. eBPF program is expected to fill the
* new headers via skb_store_bytes and lX_csum_replace.
* @skb: pointer to skb
* @proto: new skb->protocol type
* @flags: reserved
* Return: 0 on success or negative error
*/
BPF_FUNC_skb_change_proto,
__BPF_FUNC_MAX_ID,
};
......
......@@ -1783,6 +1783,202 @@ const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_skb_vlan_pop_proto = {
};
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(bpf_skb_vlan_pop_proto);
static int bpf_skb_generic_push(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 off, u32 len)
{
/* Caller already did skb_cow() with len as headroom,
* so no need to do it here.
*/
skb_push(skb, len);
memmove(skb->data, skb->data + len, off);
memset(skb->data + off, 0, len);
/* No skb_postpush_rcsum(skb, skb->data + off, len)
* needed here as it does not change the skb->csum
* result for checksum complete when summing over
* zeroed blocks.
*/
return 0;
}
static int bpf_skb_generic_pop(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 off, u32 len)
{
/* skb_ensure_writable() is not needed here, as we're
* already working on an uncloned skb.
*/
if (unlikely(!pskb_may_pull(skb, off + len)))
return -ENOMEM;
skb_postpull_rcsum(skb, skb->data + off, len);
memmove(skb->data + len, skb->data, off);
__skb_pull(skb, len);
return 0;
}
static int bpf_skb_net_hdr_push(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 off, u32 len)
{
bool trans_same = skb->transport_header == skb->network_header;
int ret;
/* There's no need for __skb_push()/__skb_pull() pair to
* get to the start of the mac header as we're guaranteed
* to always start from here under eBPF.
*/
ret = bpf_skb_generic_push(skb, off, len);
if (likely(!ret)) {
skb->mac_header -= len;
skb->network_header -= len;
if (trans_same)
skb->transport_header = skb->network_header;
}
return ret;
}
static int bpf_skb_net_hdr_pop(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 off, u32 len)
{
bool trans_same = skb->transport_header == skb->network_header;
int ret;
/* Same here, __skb_push()/__skb_pull() pair not needed. */
ret = bpf_skb_generic_pop(skb, off, len);
if (likely(!ret)) {
skb->mac_header += len;
skb->network_header += len;
if (trans_same)
skb->transport_header = skb->network_header;
}
return ret;
}
static int bpf_skb_proto_4_to_6(struct sk_buff *skb)
{
const u32 len_diff = sizeof(struct ipv6hdr) - sizeof(struct iphdr);
u32 off = skb->network_header - skb->mac_header;
int ret;
ret = skb_cow(skb, len_diff);
if (unlikely(ret < 0))
return ret;
ret = bpf_skb_net_hdr_push(skb, off, len_diff);
if (unlikely(ret < 0))
return ret;
if (skb_is_gso(skb)) {
/* SKB_GSO_UDP stays as is. SKB_GSO_TCPV4 needs to
* be changed into SKB_GSO_TCPV6.
*/
if (skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type & SKB_GSO_TCPV4) {
skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type &= ~SKB_GSO_TCPV4;
skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type |= SKB_GSO_TCPV6;
}
/* Due to IPv6 header, MSS needs to be downgraded. */
skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_size -= len_diff;
/* Header must be checked, and gso_segs recomputed. */
skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type |= SKB_GSO_DODGY;
skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_segs = 0;
}
skb->protocol = htons(ETH_P_IPV6);
skb_clear_hash(skb);
return 0;
}
static int bpf_skb_proto_6_to_4(struct sk_buff *skb)
{
const u32 len_diff = sizeof(struct ipv6hdr) - sizeof(struct iphdr);
u32 off = skb->network_header - skb->mac_header;
int ret;
ret = skb_unclone(skb, GFP_ATOMIC);
if (unlikely(ret < 0))
return ret;
ret = bpf_skb_net_hdr_pop(skb, off, len_diff);
if (unlikely(ret < 0))
return ret;
if (skb_is_gso(skb)) {
/* SKB_GSO_UDP stays as is. SKB_GSO_TCPV6 needs to
* be changed into SKB_GSO_TCPV4.
*/
if (skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type & SKB_GSO_TCPV6) {
skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type &= ~SKB_GSO_TCPV6;
skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type |= SKB_GSO_TCPV4;
}
/* Due to IPv4 header, MSS can be upgraded. */
skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_size += len_diff;
/* Header must be checked, and gso_segs recomputed. */
skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type |= SKB_GSO_DODGY;
skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_segs = 0;
}
skb->protocol = htons(ETH_P_IP);
skb_clear_hash(skb);
return 0;
}
static int bpf_skb_proto_xlat(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 to_proto)
{
__be16 from_proto = skb->protocol;
if (from_proto == htons(ETH_P_IP) &&
to_proto == htons(ETH_P_IPV6))
return bpf_skb_proto_4_to_6(skb);
if (from_proto == htons(ETH_P_IPV6) &&
to_proto == htons(ETH_P_IP))
return bpf_skb_proto_6_to_4(skb);
return -ENOTSUPP;
}
static u64 bpf_skb_change_proto(u64 r1, u64 r2, u64 flags, u64 r4, u64 r5)
{
struct sk_buff *skb = (struct sk_buff *) (long) r1;
__be16 proto = (__force __be16) r2;
int ret;
if (unlikely(flags))
return -EINVAL;
/* General idea is that this helper does the basic groundwork
* needed for changing the protocol, and eBPF program fills the
* rest through bpf_skb_store_bytes(), bpf_lX_csum_replace()
* and other helpers, rather than passing a raw buffer here.
*
* The rationale is to keep this minimal and without a need to
* deal with raw packet data. F.e. even if we would pass buffers
* here, the program still needs to call the bpf_lX_csum_replace()
* helpers anyway. Plus, this way we keep also separation of
* concerns, since f.e. bpf_skb_store_bytes() should only take
* care of stores.
*
* Currently, additional options and extension header space are
* not supported, but flags register is reserved so we can adapt
* that. For offloads, we mark packet as dodgy, so that headers
* need to be verified first.
*/
ret = bpf_skb_proto_xlat(skb, proto);
bpf_compute_data_end(skb);
return ret;
}
static const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_skb_change_proto_proto = {
.func = bpf_skb_change_proto,
.gpl_only = false,
.ret_type = RET_INTEGER,
.arg1_type = ARG_PTR_TO_CTX,
.arg2_type = ARG_ANYTHING,
.arg3_type = ARG_ANYTHING,
};
bool bpf_helper_changes_skb_data(void *func)
{
if (func == bpf_skb_vlan_push)
......@@ -1791,6 +1987,8 @@ bool bpf_helper_changes_skb_data(void *func)
return true;
if (func == bpf_skb_store_bytes)
return true;
if (func == bpf_skb_change_proto)
return true;
if (func == bpf_l3_csum_replace)
return true;
if (func == bpf_l4_csum_replace)
......@@ -2078,6 +2276,8 @@ tc_cls_act_func_proto(enum bpf_func_id func_id)
return &bpf_skb_vlan_push_proto;
case BPF_FUNC_skb_vlan_pop:
return &bpf_skb_vlan_pop_proto;
case BPF_FUNC_skb_change_proto:
return &bpf_skb_change_proto_proto;
case BPF_FUNC_skb_get_tunnel_key:
return &bpf_skb_get_tunnel_key_proto;
case BPF_FUNC_skb_set_tunnel_key:
......
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