Commit 8f744bde authored by Linus Torvalds's avatar Linus Torvalds
Browse files

Merge tag 'virtio-fs-5.4' of git://

Pull fuse virtio-fs support from Miklos Szeredi:
 "Virtio-fs allows exporting directory trees on the host and mounting
  them in guest(s).

  This isn't actually a new filesystem, but a glue layer between the
  fuse filesystem and a virtio based back-end.

  It's similar in functionality to the existing virtio-9p solution, but
  significantly faster in benchmarks and has better POSIX compliance.
  Further permformance improvements can be achieved by sharing the page
  cache between host and guest, allowing for faster I/O and reduced
  memory use.

  Kata Containers have been including the out-of-tree virtio-fs (with
  the shared page cache patches as well) since version 1.7 as an
  experimental feature. They have been active in development and plan to
  switch from virtio-9p to virtio-fs as their default solution. There
  has been interest from other sources as well.

  The userspace infrastructure is slated to be merged into qemu once the
  kernel part hits mainline.

  This was developed by Vivek Goyal, Dave Gilbert and Stefan Hajnoczi"

* tag 'virtio-fs-5.4' of git://
  virtio-fs: add virtiofs filesystem
  virtio-fs: add Documentation/filesystems/virtiofs.rst
  fuse: reserve values for mapping protocol
parents 9977b1a7 a62a8ef9
......@@ -37,3 +37,13 @@ filesystem implementations.
Documentation for filesystem implementations.
.. toctree::
:maxdepth: 2
.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
virtiofs: virtio-fs host<->guest shared file system
- Copyright (C) 2019 Red Hat, Inc.
The virtiofs file system for Linux implements a driver for the paravirtualized
VIRTIO "virtio-fs" device for guest<->host file system sharing. It allows a
guest to mount a directory that has been exported on the host.
Guests often require access to files residing on the host or remote systems.
Use cases include making files available to new guests during installation,
booting from a root file system located on the host, persistent storage for
stateless or ephemeral guests, and sharing a directory between guests.
Although it is possible to use existing network file systems for some of these
tasks, they require configuration steps that are hard to automate and they
expose the storage network to the guest. The virtio-fs device was designed to
solve these problems by providing file system access without networking.
Furthermore the virtio-fs device takes advantage of the co-location of the
guest and host to increase performance and provide semantics that are not
possible with network file systems.
Mount file system with tag ``myfs`` on ``/mnt``:
.. code-block:: sh
guest# mount -t virtiofs myfs /mnt
Please see for details on how to configure QEMU
and the virtiofsd daemon.
Since the virtio-fs device uses the FUSE protocol for file system requests, the
virtiofs file system for Linux is integrated closely with the FUSE file system
client. The guest acts as the FUSE client while the host acts as the FUSE
server. The /dev/fuse interface between the kernel and userspace is replaced
with the virtio-fs device interface.
FUSE requests are placed into a virtqueue and processed by the host. The
response portion of the buffer is filled in by the host and the guest handles
the request completion.
Mapping /dev/fuse to virtqueues requires solving differences in semantics
between /dev/fuse and virtqueues. Each time the /dev/fuse device is read, the
FUSE client may choose which request to transfer, making it possible to
prioritize certain requests over others. Virtqueues have queue semantics and
it is not possible to change the order of requests that have been enqueued.
This is especially important if the virtqueue becomes full since it is then
impossible to add high priority requests. In order to address this difference,
the virtio-fs device uses a "hiprio" virtqueue specifically for requests that
have priority over normal requests.
......@@ -17280,6 +17280,18 @@ S: Supported
F: drivers/s390/virtio/
F: arch/s390/include/uapi/asm/virtio-ccw.h
M: Vivek Goyal <>
M: Stefan Hajnoczi <>
M: Miklos Szeredi <>
S: Supported
F: fs/fuse/virtio_fs.c
F: include/uapi/linux/virtio_fs.h
F: Documentation/filesystems/virtiofs.rst
M: David Airlie <>
M: Gerd Hoffmann <>
......@@ -27,3 +27,14 @@ config CUSE
If you want to develop or use a userspace character device
based on CUSE, answer Y or M.
config VIRTIO_FS
tristate "Virtio Filesystem"
depends on FUSE_FS
select VIRTIO
The Virtio Filesystem allows guests to mount file systems from the
If you want to share files between guests or with the host, answer Y
or M.
......@@ -5,5 +5,6 @@
obj-$(CONFIG_FUSE_FS) += fuse.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CUSE) += cuse.o
obj-$(CONFIG_VIRTIO_FS) += virtio_fs.o
fuse-objs := dev.o dir.o file.o inode.o control.o xattr.o acl.o readdir.o
......@@ -353,6 +353,10 @@ struct fuse_req {
/** Used to wake up the task waiting for completion of request*/
wait_queue_head_t waitq;
/** virtio-fs's physically contiguous buffer for in and out args */
void *argbuf;
struct fuse_iqueue;
......@@ -383,6 +387,11 @@ struct fuse_iqueue_ops {
void (*wake_pending_and_unlock)(struct fuse_iqueue *fiq)
* Clean up when fuse_iqueue is destroyed
void (*release)(struct fuse_iqueue *fiq);
/** /dev/fuse input queue operations */
......@@ -630,6 +630,10 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fuse_conn_init);
void fuse_conn_put(struct fuse_conn *fc)
if (refcount_dec_and_test(&fc->count)) {
struct fuse_iqueue *fiq = &fc->iq;
if (fiq->ops->release)
This diff is collapsed.
......@@ -133,6 +133,8 @@
* 7.31
* - add map_alignment to fuse_init_out, add FUSE_MAP_ALIGNMENT flag
#ifndef _LINUX_FUSE_H
......@@ -274,6 +276,7 @@ struct fuse_file_lock {
* FUSE_NO_OPENDIR_SUPPORT: kernel supports zero-message opendir
* FUSE_EXPLICIT_INVAL_DATA: only invalidate cached pages on explicit request
* FUSE_MAP_ALIGNMENT: map_alignment field is valid
#define FUSE_ASYNC_READ (1 << 0)
#define FUSE_POSIX_LOCKS (1 << 1)
......@@ -301,6 +304,7 @@ struct fuse_file_lock {
#define FUSE_CACHE_SYMLINKS (1 << 23)
#define FUSE_NO_OPENDIR_SUPPORT (1 << 24)
#define FUSE_EXPLICIT_INVAL_DATA (1 << 25)
#define FUSE_MAP_ALIGNMENT (1 << 26)
* CUSE INIT request/reply flags
......@@ -422,6 +426,8 @@ enum fuse_opcode {
/* CUSE specific operations */
CUSE_INIT = 4096,
......@@ -656,7 +662,7 @@ struct fuse_init_out {
uint32_t max_write;
uint32_t time_gran;
uint16_t max_pages;
uint16_t padding;
uint16_t map_alignment;
uint32_t unused[8];
/* SPDX-License-Identifier: ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) */
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/virtio_ids.h>
#include <linux/virtio_config.h>
#include <linux/virtio_types.h>
struct virtio_fs_config {
/* Filesystem name (UTF-8, not NUL-terminated, padded with NULs) */
__u8 tag[36];
/* Number of request queues */
__u32 num_request_queues;
} __attribute__((packed));
#endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_VIRTIO_FS_H */
......@@ -44,6 +44,7 @@
#define VIRTIO_ID_VSOCK 19 /* virtio vsock transport */
#define VIRTIO_ID_CRYPTO 20 /* virtio crypto */
#define VIRTIO_ID_IOMMU 23 /* virtio IOMMU */
#define VIRTIO_ID_FS 26 /* virtio filesystem */
#define VIRTIO_ID_PMEM 27 /* virtio pmem */
#endif /* _LINUX_VIRTIO_IDS_H */
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