Commit c350a99e authored by Roman Gushchin's avatar Roman Gushchin Committed by Linus Torvalds
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mm: memcontrol: flush percpu vmstats before releasing memcg

Percpu caching of local vmstats with the conditional propagation by the
cgroup tree leads to an accumulation of errors on non-leaf levels.

Let's imagine two nested memory cgroups A and A/B.  Say, a process
belonging to A/B allocates 100 pagecache pages on the CPU 0.  The percpu
cache will spill 3 times, so that 32*3=96 pages will be accounted to A/B
and A atomic vmstat counters, 4 pages will remain in the percpu cache.

Imagine A/B is nearby memory.max, so that every following allocation
triggers a direct reclaim on the local CPU.  Say, each such attempt will
free 16 pages on a new cpu.  That means every percpu cache will have -16
pages, except the first one, which will have 4 - 16 = -12.  A/B and A
atomic counters will not be touched at all.

Now a user removes A/B.  All percpu caches are freed and corresponding
vmstat numbers are forgotten.  A has 96 pages more than expected.

As memory cgroups are created and destroyed, errors do accumulate.  Even
1-2 pages differences can accumulate into large numbers.

To fix this issue let's accumulate and propagate percpu vmstat values
before releasing the memory cgroup.  At this point these numbers are
stable and cannot be changed.

Since on cpu hotplug we do flush percpu vmstats anyway, we can iterate
only over online cpus.

Fixes: 42a30035

 ("mm: memcontrol: fix recursive statistics correctness & scalabilty")
Signed-off-by: default avatarRoman Gushchin <>
Acked-by: default avatarMichal Hocko <>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <>
Cc: Vladimir Davydov <>
Cc: <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <>
parent bbcb03a9
......@@ -3260,6 +3260,41 @@ static u64 mem_cgroup_read_u64(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
static void memcg_flush_percpu_vmstats(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
unsigned long stat[MEMCG_NR_STAT];
struct mem_cgroup *mi;
int node, cpu, i;
for (i = 0; i < MEMCG_NR_STAT; i++)
stat[i] = 0;
for (i = 0; i < MEMCG_NR_STAT; i++)
stat[i] += raw_cpu_read(memcg->vmstats_percpu->stat[i]);
for (mi = memcg; mi; mi = parent_mem_cgroup(mi))
for (i = 0; i < MEMCG_NR_STAT; i++)
atomic_long_add(stat[i], &mi->vmstats[i]);
for_each_node(node) {
struct mem_cgroup_per_node *pn = memcg->nodeinfo[node];
struct mem_cgroup_per_node *pi;
for (i = 0; i < NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS; i++)
stat[i] = 0;
for (i = 0; i < NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS; i++)
stat[i] += raw_cpu_read(
for (pi = pn; pi; pi = parent_nodeinfo(pi, node))
for (i = 0; i < NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS; i++)
atomic_long_add(stat[i], &pi->lruvec_stat[i]);
static int memcg_online_kmem(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
......@@ -4682,6 +4717,11 @@ static void __mem_cgroup_free(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
int node;
* Flush percpu vmstats to guarantee the value correctness
* on parent's and all ancestor levels.
free_mem_cgroup_per_node_info(memcg, node);
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