Commit 117cc7a9 authored by David Woodhouse's avatar David Woodhouse Committed by Thomas Gleixner
Browse files

x86/retpoline: Fill return stack buffer on vmexit



In accordance with the Intel and AMD documentation, we need to overwrite
all entries in the RSB on exiting a guest, to prevent malicious branch
target predictions from affecting the host kernel. This is needed both
for retpoline and for IBRS.

[ak: numbers again for the RSB stuffing labels]

Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid Woodhouse <dwmw@amazon.co.uk>
Signed-off-by: default avatarThomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Tested-by: default avatarPeter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: gnomes@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: thomas.lendacky@amd.com
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Jiri Kosina <jikos@kernel.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@google.com>
Cc: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/1515755487-8524-1-git-send-email-dwmw@amazon.co.uk
parent 7614e913
......@@ -7,6 +7,48 @@
#include <asm/alternative-asm.h>
#include <asm/cpufeatures.h>
/*
* Fill the CPU return stack buffer.
*
* Each entry in the RSB, if used for a speculative 'ret', contains an
* infinite 'pause; jmp' loop to capture speculative execution.
*
* This is required in various cases for retpoline and IBRS-based
* mitigations for the Spectre variant 2 vulnerability. Sometimes to
* eliminate potentially bogus entries from the RSB, and sometimes
* purely to ensure that it doesn't get empty, which on some CPUs would
* allow predictions from other (unwanted!) sources to be used.
*
* We define a CPP macro such that it can be used from both .S files and
* inline assembly. It's possible to do a .macro and then include that
* from C via asm(".include <asm/nospec-branch.h>") but let's not go there.
*/
#define RSB_CLEAR_LOOPS 32 /* To forcibly overwrite all entries */
#define RSB_FILL_LOOPS 16 /* To avoid underflow */
/*
* Google experimented with loop-unrolling and this turned out to be
* the optimal version — two calls, each with their own speculation
* trap should their return address end up getting used, in a loop.
*/
#define __FILL_RETURN_BUFFER(reg, nr, sp) \
mov $(nr/2), reg; \
771: \
call 772f; \
773: /* speculation trap */ \
pause; \
jmp 773b; \
772: \
call 774f; \
775: /* speculation trap */ \
pause; \
jmp 775b; \
774: \
dec reg; \
jnz 771b; \
add $(BITS_PER_LONG/8) * nr, sp;
#ifdef __ASSEMBLY__
/*
......@@ -74,6 +116,20 @@
#else
call *\reg
#endif
.endm
/*
* A simpler FILL_RETURN_BUFFER macro. Don't make people use the CPP
* monstrosity above, manually.
*/
.macro FILL_RETURN_BUFFER reg:req nr:req ftr:req
#ifdef CONFIG_RETPOLINE
ANNOTATE_NOSPEC_ALTERNATIVE
ALTERNATIVE "jmp .Lskip_rsb_\@", \
__stringify(__FILL_RETURN_BUFFER(\reg,\nr,%_ASM_SP)) \
\ftr
.Lskip_rsb_\@:
#endif
.endm
#else /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
......@@ -119,7 +175,7 @@
X86_FEATURE_RETPOLINE)
# define THUNK_TARGET(addr) [thunk_target] "rm" (addr)
#else /* No retpoline */
#else /* No retpoline for C / inline asm */
# define CALL_NOSPEC "call *%[thunk_target]\n"
# define THUNK_TARGET(addr) [thunk_target] "rm" (addr)
#endif
......@@ -134,5 +190,25 @@ enum spectre_v2_mitigation {
SPECTRE_V2_IBRS,
};
/*
* On VMEXIT we must ensure that no RSB predictions learned in the guest
* can be followed in the host, by overwriting the RSB completely. Both
* retpoline and IBRS mitigations for Spectre v2 need this; only on future
* CPUs with IBRS_ATT *might* it be avoided.
*/
static inline void vmexit_fill_RSB(void)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_RETPOLINE
unsigned long loops = RSB_CLEAR_LOOPS / 2;
asm volatile (ANNOTATE_NOSPEC_ALTERNATIVE
ALTERNATIVE("jmp 910f",
__stringify(__FILL_RETURN_BUFFER(%0, RSB_CLEAR_LOOPS, %1)),
X86_FEATURE_RETPOLINE)
"910:"
: "=&r" (loops), ASM_CALL_CONSTRAINT
: "r" (loops) : "memory" );
#endif
}
#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
#endif /* __NOSPEC_BRANCH_H__ */
......@@ -45,6 +45,7 @@
#include <asm/debugreg.h>
#include <asm/kvm_para.h>
#include <asm/irq_remapping.h>
#include <asm/nospec-branch.h>
#include <asm/virtext.h>
#include "trace.h"
......@@ -4985,6 +4986,9 @@ static void svm_vcpu_run(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
#endif
);
/* Eliminate branch target predictions from guest mode */
vmexit_fill_RSB();
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
wrmsrl(MSR_GS_BASE, svm->host.gs_base);
#else
......
......@@ -50,6 +50,7 @@
#include <asm/apic.h>
#include <asm/irq_remapping.h>
#include <asm/mmu_context.h>
#include <asm/nospec-branch.h>
#include "trace.h"
#include "pmu.h"
......@@ -9403,6 +9404,9 @@ static void __noclone vmx_vcpu_run(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
#endif
);
/* Eliminate branch target predictions from guest mode */
vmexit_fill_RSB();
/* MSR_IA32_DEBUGCTLMSR is zeroed on vmexit. Restore it if needed */
if (debugctlmsr)
update_debugctlmsr(debugctlmsr);
......
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