Commit 290b6a58 authored by Tejun Heo's avatar Tejun Heo Committed by Linus Torvalds
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Revert "slub: move synchronize_sched out of slab_mutex on shrink"

Patch series "slab: make memcg slab destruction scalable", v3.

With kmem cgroup support enabled, kmem_caches can be created and
destroyed frequently and a great number of near empty kmem_caches can
accumulate if there are a lot of transient cgroups and the system is not
under memory pressure.  When memory reclaim starts under such
conditions, it can lead to consecutive deactivation and destruction of
many kmem_caches, easily hundreds of thousands on moderately large
systems, exposing scalability issues in the current slab management
code.

I've seen machines which end up with hundred thousands of caches and
many millions of kernfs_nodes.  The current code is O(N^2) on the total
number of caches and has synchronous rcu_barrier() and
synchronize_sched() in cgroup offline / release path which is executed
while holding cgroup_mutex.  Combined, this leads to very expensive and
slow cache destruction operations which can easily keep running for half
a day.

This also messes up /proc/slabinfo along with other cache iterating
operations.  seq_file operates on 4k chunks and on each 4k boundary
tries to seek to the last position in the list.  With a huge number of
caches on the list, this becomes very slow and very prone to the list
content changing underneath it leading to a lot of missing and/or
duplicate entries.

This patchset addresses the scalability problem.

* Add root and per-memcg lists.  Update each user to use the
  appropriate list.

* Make rcu_barrier() for SLAB_DESTROY_BY_RCU caches globally batched
  and asynchronous.

* For dying empty slub caches, remove the sysfs files after
  deactivation so that we don't end up with millions of sysfs files
  without any useful information on them.

This patchset contains the following nine patches.

 0001-Revert-slub-move-synchronize_sched-out-of-slab_mutex.patch
 0002-slub-separate-out-sysfs_slab_release-from-sysfs_slab.patch
 0003-slab-remove-synchronous-rcu_barrier-call-in-memcg-ca.patch
 0004-slab-reorganize-memcg_cache_params.patch
 0005-slab-link-memcg-kmem_caches-on-their-associated-memo.patch
 0006-slab-implement-slab_root_caches-list.patch
 0007-slab-introduce-__kmemcg_cache_deactivate.patch
 0008-slab-remove-synchronous-synchronize_sched-from-memcg.patch
 0009-slab-remove-slub-sysfs-interface-files-early-for-emp.patch
 0010-slab-use-memcg_kmem_cache_wq-for-slab-destruction-op.patch

0001 reverts an existing optimization to prepare for the following
changes.  0002 is a prep patch.  0003 makes rcu_barrier() in release
path batched and asynchronous.  0004-0006 separate out the lists.
0007-0008 replace synchronize_sched() in slub destruction path with
call_rcu_sched().  0009 removes sysfs files early for empty dying
caches.  0010 makes destruction work items use a workqueue with limited
concurrency.

This patch (of 10):

Revert 89e364db ("slub: move synchronize_sched out of slab_mutex on
shrink").

With kmem cgroup support enabled, kmem_caches can be created and destroyed
frequently and a great number of near empty kmem_caches can accumulate if
there are a lot of transient cgroups and the system is not under memory
pressure.  When memory reclaim starts under such conditions, it can lead
to consecutive deactivation and destruction of many kmem_caches, easily
hundreds of thousands on moderately large systems, exposing scalability
issues in the current slab management code.  This is one of the patches to
address the issue.

Moving synchronize_sched() out of slab_mutex isn't enough as it's still
inside cgroup_mutex.  The whole deactivation / release path will be
updated to avoid all synchronous RCU operations.  Revert this insufficient
optimization in preparation to ease future changes.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170117235411.9408-2-tj@kernel.org


Signed-off-by: default avatarTejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Reported-by: default avatarJay Vana <jsvana@fb.com>
Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
parent af3b5f87
......@@ -2315,7 +2315,7 @@ out:
return nr_freed;
}
int __kmem_cache_shrink(struct kmem_cache *cachep)
int __kmem_cache_shrink(struct kmem_cache *cachep, bool deactivate)
{
int ret = 0;
int node;
......@@ -2335,7 +2335,7 @@ int __kmem_cache_shrink(struct kmem_cache *cachep)
int __kmem_cache_shutdown(struct kmem_cache *cachep)
{
return __kmem_cache_shrink(cachep);
return __kmem_cache_shrink(cachep, false);
}
void __kmem_cache_release(struct kmem_cache *cachep)
......
......@@ -167,7 +167,7 @@ static inline unsigned long kmem_cache_flags(unsigned long object_size,
int __kmem_cache_shutdown(struct kmem_cache *);
void __kmem_cache_release(struct kmem_cache *);
int __kmem_cache_shrink(struct kmem_cache *);
int __kmem_cache_shrink(struct kmem_cache *, bool);
void slab_kmem_cache_release(struct kmem_cache *);
struct seq_file;
......
......@@ -582,29 +582,6 @@ void memcg_deactivate_kmem_caches(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
get_online_cpus();
get_online_mems();
#ifdef CONFIG_SLUB
/*
* In case of SLUB, we need to disable empty slab caching to
* avoid pinning the offline memory cgroup by freeable kmem
* pages charged to it. SLAB doesn't need this, as it
* periodically purges unused slabs.
*/
mutex_lock(&slab_mutex);
list_for_each_entry(s, &slab_caches, list) {
c = is_root_cache(s) ? cache_from_memcg_idx(s, idx) : NULL;
if (c) {
c->cpu_partial = 0;
c->min_partial = 0;
}
}
mutex_unlock(&slab_mutex);
/*
* kmem_cache->cpu_partial is checked locklessly (see
* put_cpu_partial()). Make sure the change is visible.
*/
synchronize_sched();
#endif
mutex_lock(&slab_mutex);
list_for_each_entry(s, &slab_caches, list) {
if (!is_root_cache(s))
......@@ -616,7 +593,7 @@ void memcg_deactivate_kmem_caches(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
if (!c)
continue;
__kmem_cache_shrink(c);
__kmem_cache_shrink(c, true);
arr->entries[idx] = NULL;
}
mutex_unlock(&slab_mutex);
......@@ -787,7 +764,7 @@ int kmem_cache_shrink(struct kmem_cache *cachep)
get_online_cpus();
get_online_mems();
kasan_cache_shrink(cachep);
ret = __kmem_cache_shrink(cachep);
ret = __kmem_cache_shrink(cachep, false);
put_online_mems();
put_online_cpus();
return ret;
......
......@@ -634,7 +634,7 @@ void __kmem_cache_release(struct kmem_cache *c)
{
}
int __kmem_cache_shrink(struct kmem_cache *d)
int __kmem_cache_shrink(struct kmem_cache *d, bool deactivate)
{
return 0;
}
......
......@@ -3891,7 +3891,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(kfree);
* being allocated from last increasing the chance that the last objects
* are freed in them.
*/
int __kmem_cache_shrink(struct kmem_cache *s)
int __kmem_cache_shrink(struct kmem_cache *s, bool deactivate)
{
int node;
int i;
......@@ -3903,6 +3903,21 @@ int __kmem_cache_shrink(struct kmem_cache *s)
unsigned long flags;
int ret = 0;
if (deactivate) {
/*
* Disable empty slabs caching. Used to avoid pinning offline
* memory cgroups by kmem pages that can be freed.
*/
s->cpu_partial = 0;
s->min_partial = 0;
/*
* s->cpu_partial is checked locklessly (see put_cpu_partial),
* so we have to make sure the change is visible.
*/
synchronize_sched();
}
flush_all(s);
for_each_kmem_cache_node(s, node, n) {
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&discard);
......@@ -3959,7 +3974,7 @@ static int slab_mem_going_offline_callback(void *arg)
mutex_lock(&slab_mutex);
list_for_each_entry(s, &slab_caches, list)
__kmem_cache_shrink(s);
__kmem_cache_shrink(s, false);
mutex_unlock(&slab_mutex);
return 0;
......
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