Commit 312b1485 authored by Sam Ravnborg's avatar Sam Ravnborg
Browse files

Introduce new section reference annotations tags: __ref, __refdata, __refconst

Today we have the following annotations for functions/data
referencing __init/__exit functions / data:

__init_refok     => for init functions
__initdata_refok => for init data
__exit_refok     => for exit functions

There is really no difference between the __init and __exit
versions and simplify it and to introduce a shorter annotation
the following new annotations are introduced:

__ref      => for functions (code) that
              references __*init / __*exit
__refdata  => for variables
__refconst => for const variables

Whit this annotation is it more obvious what the annotation
is for and there is no longer the arbitary division
between __init and __exit code.

The mechanishm is the same as before - a special section
is created which is made part of the usual sections
in the linker script.

We will start to see annotations like this:

-static struct pci_serial_quirk pci_serial_quirks[] = {
+static const struct pci_serial_quirk pci_serial_quirks[] __refconst = {
-static struct notifier_block __cpuinitdata cpuid_class_cpu_notifier =
+static struct notifier_block cpuid_class_cpu_notifier __refdata =
-static int threshold_cpu_callback(struct notifier_block *nfb,
+static int __ref threshold_cpu_callback(struct notifier_block *nfb,

[The above is just random samples].

Note: No modifications were needed in modpost
to support the new sections due to the newly introduced
Signed-off-by: default avatarSam Ravnborg <>
parent e241a630
......@@ -42,6 +42,7 @@
#define DATA_DATA \
*(.data) \
*(.data.init.refok) \
*( \
......@@ -169,6 +170,7 @@
/* __*init sections */ \
__init_rodata : AT(ADDR(__init_rodata) - LOAD_OFFSET) { \
*(.ref.rodata) \
DEV_KEEP(init.rodata) \
DEV_KEEP(exit.rodata) \
CPU_KEEP(init.rodata) \
......@@ -202,6 +204,7 @@
#define TEXT_TEXT \
*(.text) \
*(.ref.text) \
*(.text.init.refok) \
*(.exit.text.refok) \
DEV_KEEP(init.text) \
......@@ -52,12 +52,26 @@
* when early init has completed so all such references are potential bugs.
* For exit sections the same issue exists.
* The following markers are used for the cases where the reference to
* the init/exit section (code or data) is valid and will teach modpost
* not to issue a warning.
* the *init / *exit section (code or data) is valid and will teach
* modpost not to issue a warning.
* The markers follow same syntax rules as __init / __initdata. */
#define __init_refok noinline __section(.text.init.refok)
#define __initdata_refok __section(.data.init.refok)
#define __exit_refok noinline __section(.exit.text.refok)
#define __ref __section(.ref.text) noinline
#define __refdata __section(
#define __refconst __section(.ref.rodata)
/* backward compatibility note
* A few places hardcode the old section names:
* .text.init.refok
* .data.init.refok
* .exit.text.refok
* They should be converted to use the defines from this file
/* compatibility defines */
#define __init_refok __ref
#define __initdata_refok __refdata
#define __exit_refok __ref
#ifdef MODULE
#define __exitused
......@@ -93,11 +107,9 @@
/* For assembly routines */
#define __INIT .section ".init.text","ax"
#define __INIT_REFOK .section ".text.init.refok","ax"
#define __FINIT .previous
#define __INITDATA .section "","aw"
#define __INITDATA_REFOK .section ".data.init.refok","aw"
#define __DEVINIT .section ".devinit.text", "ax"
#define __DEVINITDATA .section "", "aw"
......@@ -108,6 +120,14 @@
#define __MEMINIT .section ".meminit.text", "ax"
#define __MEMINITDATA .section "", "aw"
/* silence warnings when references are OK */
#define __REF .section ".ref.text", "ax"
#define __REFDATA .section "", "aw"
#define __REFCONST .section ".ref.rodata", "aw"
/* backward compatibility */
#define __INIT_REFOK .section __REF
#define __INITDATA_REFOK .section __REFDATA
#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
* Used for initialization calls..
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