Commit 9e0af237 authored by Liu Bo's avatar Liu Bo Committed by Chris Mason
Browse files

Btrfs: fix task hang under heavy compressed write



This has been reported and discussed for a long time, and this hang occurs in
both 3.15 and 3.16.

Btrfs now migrates to use kernel workqueue, but it introduces this hang problem.

Btrfs has a kind of work queued as an ordered way, which means that its
ordered_func() must be processed in the way of FIFO, so it usually looks like --

normal_work_helper(arg)
    work = container_of(arg, struct btrfs_work, normal_work);

    work->func() <---- (we name it work X)
    for ordered_work in wq->ordered_list
            ordered_work->ordered_func()
            ordered_work->ordered_free()

The hang is a rare case, first when we find free space, we get an uncached block
group, then we go to read its free space cache inode for free space information,
so it will

file a readahead request
    btrfs_readpages()
         for page that is not in page cache
                __do_readpage()
                     submit_extent_page()
                           btrfs_submit_bio_hook()
                                 btrfs_bio_wq_end_io()
                                 submit_bio()
                                 end_workqueue_bio() <--(ret by the 1st endio)
                                      queue a work(named work Y) for the 2nd
                                      also the real endio()

So the hang occurs when work Y's work_struct and work X's work_struct happens
to share the same address.

A bit more explanation,

A,B,C -- struct btrfs_work
arg   -- struct work_struct

kthread:
worker_thread()
    pick up a work_struct from @worklist
    process_one_work(arg)
	worker->current_work = arg;  <-- arg is A->normal_work
	worker->current_func(arg)
		normal_work_helper(arg)
		     A = container_of(arg, struct btrfs_work, normal_work);

		     A->func()
		     A->ordered_func()
		     A->ordered_free()  <-- A gets freed

		     B->ordered_func()
			  submit_compressed_extents()
			      find_free_extent()
				  load_free_space_inode()
				      ...   <-- (the above readhead stack)
				      end_workqueue_bio()
					   btrfs_queue_work(work C)
		     B->ordered_free()

As if work A has a high priority in wq->ordered_list and there are more ordered
works queued after it, such as B->ordered_func(), its memory could have been
freed before normal_work_helper() returns, which means that kernel workqueue
code worker_thread() still has worker->current_work pointer to be work
A->normal_work's, ie. arg's address.

Meanwhile, work C is allocated after work A is freed, work C->normal_work
and work A->normal_work are likely to share the same address(I confirmed this
with ftrace output, so I'm not just guessing, it's rare though).

When another kthread picks up work C->normal_work to process, and finds our
kthread is processing it(see find_worker_executing_work()), it'll think
work C as a collision and skip then, which ends up nobody processing work C.

So the situation is that our kthread is waiting forever on work C.

Besides, there're other cases that can lead to deadlock, but the real problem
is that all btrfs workqueue shares one work->func, -- normal_work_helper,
so this makes each workqueue to have its own helper function, but only a
wraper pf normal_work_helper.

With this patch, I no long hit the above hang.

Signed-off-by: default avatarLiu Bo <bo.li.liu@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarChris Mason <clm@fb.com>
parent f6dc45c7
......@@ -22,7 +22,6 @@
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/workqueue.h>
#include "async-thread.h"
#include "ctree.h"
......@@ -55,8 +54,39 @@ struct btrfs_workqueue {
struct __btrfs_workqueue *high;
};
static inline struct __btrfs_workqueue
*__btrfs_alloc_workqueue(const char *name, int flags, int max_active,
static void normal_work_helper(struct btrfs_work *work);
#define BTRFS_WORK_HELPER(name) \
void btrfs_##name(struct work_struct *arg) \
{ \
struct btrfs_work *work = container_of(arg, struct btrfs_work, \
normal_work); \
normal_work_helper(work); \
}
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER(worker_helper);
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER(delalloc_helper);
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER(flush_delalloc_helper);
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER(cache_helper);
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER(submit_helper);
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER(fixup_helper);
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER(endio_helper);
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER(endio_meta_helper);
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER(endio_meta_write_helper);
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER(endio_raid56_helper);
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER(rmw_helper);
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER(endio_write_helper);
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER(freespace_write_helper);
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER(delayed_meta_helper);
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER(readahead_helper);
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER(qgroup_rescan_helper);
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER(extent_refs_helper);
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER(scrub_helper);
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER(scrubwrc_helper);
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER(scrubnc_helper);
static struct __btrfs_workqueue *
__btrfs_alloc_workqueue(const char *name, int flags, int max_active,
int thresh)
{
struct __btrfs_workqueue *ret = kzalloc(sizeof(*ret), GFP_NOFS);
......@@ -232,13 +262,11 @@ static void run_ordered_work(struct __btrfs_workqueue *wq)
spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flags);
}
static void normal_work_helper(struct work_struct *arg)
static void normal_work_helper(struct btrfs_work *work)
{
struct btrfs_work *work;
struct __btrfs_workqueue *wq;
int need_order = 0;
work = container_of(arg, struct btrfs_work, normal_work);
/*
* We should not touch things inside work in the following cases:
* 1) after work->func() if it has no ordered_free
......@@ -262,7 +290,7 @@ static void normal_work_helper(struct work_struct *arg)
trace_btrfs_all_work_done(work);
}
void btrfs_init_work(struct btrfs_work *work,
void btrfs_init_work(struct btrfs_work *work, btrfs_work_func_t uniq_func,
btrfs_func_t func,
btrfs_func_t ordered_func,
btrfs_func_t ordered_free)
......@@ -270,7 +298,7 @@ void btrfs_init_work(struct btrfs_work *work,
work->func = func;
work->ordered_func = ordered_func;
work->ordered_free = ordered_free;
INIT_WORK(&work->normal_work, normal_work_helper);
INIT_WORK(&work->normal_work, uniq_func);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&work->ordered_list);
work->flags = 0;
}
......
......@@ -19,12 +19,14 @@
#ifndef __BTRFS_ASYNC_THREAD_
#define __BTRFS_ASYNC_THREAD_
#include <linux/workqueue.h>
struct btrfs_workqueue;
/* Internal use only */
struct __btrfs_workqueue;
struct btrfs_work;
typedef void (*btrfs_func_t)(struct btrfs_work *arg);
typedef void (*btrfs_work_func_t)(struct work_struct *arg);
struct btrfs_work {
btrfs_func_t func;
......@@ -38,11 +40,35 @@ struct btrfs_work {
unsigned long flags;
};
#define BTRFS_WORK_HELPER_PROTO(name) \
void btrfs_##name(struct work_struct *arg)
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER_PROTO(worker_helper);
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER_PROTO(delalloc_helper);
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER_PROTO(flush_delalloc_helper);
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER_PROTO(cache_helper);
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER_PROTO(submit_helper);
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER_PROTO(fixup_helper);
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER_PROTO(endio_helper);
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER_PROTO(endio_meta_helper);
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER_PROTO(endio_meta_write_helper);
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER_PROTO(endio_raid56_helper);
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER_PROTO(rmw_helper);
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER_PROTO(endio_write_helper);
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER_PROTO(freespace_write_helper);
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER_PROTO(delayed_meta_helper);
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER_PROTO(readahead_helper);
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER_PROTO(qgroup_rescan_helper);
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER_PROTO(extent_refs_helper);
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER_PROTO(scrub_helper);
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER_PROTO(scrubwrc_helper);
BTRFS_WORK_HELPER_PROTO(scrubnc_helper);
struct btrfs_workqueue *btrfs_alloc_workqueue(const char *name,
int flags,
int max_active,
int thresh);
void btrfs_init_work(struct btrfs_work *work,
void btrfs_init_work(struct btrfs_work *work, btrfs_work_func_t helper,
btrfs_func_t func,
btrfs_func_t ordered_func,
btrfs_func_t ordered_free);
......
......@@ -1395,8 +1395,8 @@ static int btrfs_wq_run_delayed_node(struct btrfs_delayed_root *delayed_root,
return -ENOMEM;
async_work->delayed_root = delayed_root;
btrfs_init_work(&async_work->work, btrfs_async_run_delayed_root,
NULL, NULL);
btrfs_init_work(&async_work->work, btrfs_delayed_meta_helper,
btrfs_async_run_delayed_root, NULL, NULL);
async_work->nr = nr;
btrfs_queue_work(root->fs_info->delayed_workers, &async_work->work);
......
......@@ -39,7 +39,6 @@
#include "btrfs_inode.h"
#include "volumes.h"
#include "print-tree.h"
#include "async-thread.h"
#include "locking.h"
#include "tree-log.h"
#include "free-space-cache.h"
......@@ -693,35 +692,41 @@ static void end_workqueue_bio(struct bio *bio, int err)
{
struct end_io_wq *end_io_wq = bio->bi_private;
struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info;
struct btrfs_workqueue *wq;
btrfs_work_func_t func;
fs_info = end_io_wq->info;
end_io_wq->error = err;
btrfs_init_work(&end_io_wq->work, end_workqueue_fn, NULL, NULL);
if (bio->bi_rw & REQ_WRITE) {
if (end_io_wq->metadata == BTRFS_WQ_ENDIO_METADATA)
btrfs_queue_work(fs_info->endio_meta_write_workers,
&end_io_wq->work);
else if (end_io_wq->metadata == BTRFS_WQ_ENDIO_FREE_SPACE)
btrfs_queue_work(fs_info->endio_freespace_worker,
&end_io_wq->work);
else if (end_io_wq->metadata == BTRFS_WQ_ENDIO_RAID56)
btrfs_queue_work(fs_info->endio_raid56_workers,
&end_io_wq->work);
else
btrfs_queue_work(fs_info->endio_write_workers,
&end_io_wq->work);
if (end_io_wq->metadata == BTRFS_WQ_ENDIO_METADATA) {
wq = fs_info->endio_meta_write_workers;
func = btrfs_endio_meta_write_helper;
} else if (end_io_wq->metadata == BTRFS_WQ_ENDIO_FREE_SPACE) {
wq = fs_info->endio_freespace_worker;
func = btrfs_freespace_write_helper;
} else if (end_io_wq->metadata == BTRFS_WQ_ENDIO_RAID56) {
wq = fs_info->endio_raid56_workers;
func = btrfs_endio_raid56_helper;
} else {
wq = fs_info->endio_write_workers;
func = btrfs_endio_write_helper;
}
} else {
if (end_io_wq->metadata == BTRFS_WQ_ENDIO_RAID56)
btrfs_queue_work(fs_info->endio_raid56_workers,
&end_io_wq->work);
else if (end_io_wq->metadata)
btrfs_queue_work(fs_info->endio_meta_workers,
&end_io_wq->work);
else
btrfs_queue_work(fs_info->endio_workers,
&end_io_wq->work);
if (end_io_wq->metadata == BTRFS_WQ_ENDIO_RAID56) {
wq = fs_info->endio_raid56_workers;
func = btrfs_endio_raid56_helper;
} else if (end_io_wq->metadata) {
wq = fs_info->endio_meta_workers;
func = btrfs_endio_meta_helper;
} else {
wq = fs_info->endio_workers;
func = btrfs_endio_helper;
}
}
btrfs_init_work(&end_io_wq->work, func, end_workqueue_fn, NULL, NULL);
btrfs_queue_work(wq, &end_io_wq->work);
}
/*
......@@ -828,7 +833,7 @@ int btrfs_wq_submit_bio(struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info, struct inode *inode,
async->submit_bio_start = submit_bio_start;
async->submit_bio_done = submit_bio_done;
btrfs_init_work(&async->work, run_one_async_start,
btrfs_init_work(&async->work, btrfs_worker_helper, run_one_async_start,
run_one_async_done, run_one_async_free);
async->bio_flags = bio_flags;
......
......@@ -552,7 +552,8 @@ static int cache_block_group(struct btrfs_block_group_cache *cache,
caching_ctl->block_group = cache;
caching_ctl->progress = cache->key.objectid;
atomic_set(&caching_ctl->count, 1);
btrfs_init_work(&caching_ctl->work, caching_thread, NULL, NULL);
btrfs_init_work(&caching_ctl->work, btrfs_cache_helper,
caching_thread, NULL, NULL);
spin_lock(&cache->lock);
/*
......@@ -2749,8 +2750,8 @@ int btrfs_async_run_delayed_refs(struct btrfs_root *root,
async->sync = 0;
init_completion(&async->wait);
btrfs_init_work(&async->work, delayed_ref_async_start,
NULL, NULL);
btrfs_init_work(&async->work, btrfs_extent_refs_helper,
delayed_ref_async_start, NULL, NULL);
btrfs_queue_work(root->fs_info->extent_workers, &async->work);
......
......@@ -1096,8 +1096,10 @@ static int cow_file_range_async(struct inode *inode, struct page *locked_page,
async_cow->end = cur_end;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&async_cow->extents);
btrfs_init_work(&async_cow->work, async_cow_start,
async_cow_submit, async_cow_free);
btrfs_init_work(&async_cow->work,
btrfs_delalloc_helper,
async_cow_start, async_cow_submit,
async_cow_free);
nr_pages = (cur_end - start + PAGE_CACHE_SIZE) >>
PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;
......@@ -1881,7 +1883,8 @@ static int btrfs_writepage_start_hook(struct page *page, u64 start, u64 end)
SetPageChecked(page);
page_cache_get(page);
btrfs_init_work(&fixup->work, btrfs_writepage_fixup_worker, NULL, NULL);
btrfs_init_work(&fixup->work, btrfs_fixup_helper,
btrfs_writepage_fixup_worker, NULL, NULL);
fixup->page = page;
btrfs_queue_work(root->fs_info->fixup_workers, &fixup->work);
return -EBUSY;
......@@ -2822,7 +2825,8 @@ static int btrfs_writepage_end_io_hook(struct page *page, u64 start, u64 end,
struct inode *inode = page->mapping->host;
struct btrfs_root *root = BTRFS_I(inode)->root;
struct btrfs_ordered_extent *ordered_extent = NULL;
struct btrfs_workqueue *workers;
struct btrfs_workqueue *wq;
btrfs_work_func_t func;
trace_btrfs_writepage_end_io_hook(page, start, end, uptodate);
......@@ -2831,13 +2835,17 @@ static int btrfs_writepage_end_io_hook(struct page *page, u64 start, u64 end,
end - start + 1, uptodate))
return 0;
btrfs_init_work(&ordered_extent->work, finish_ordered_fn, NULL, NULL);
if (btrfs_is_free_space_inode(inode)) {
wq = root->fs_info->endio_freespace_worker;
func = btrfs_freespace_write_helper;
} else {
wq = root->fs_info->endio_write_workers;
func = btrfs_endio_write_helper;
}
if (btrfs_is_free_space_inode(inode))
workers = root->fs_info->endio_freespace_worker;
else
workers = root->fs_info->endio_write_workers;
btrfs_queue_work(workers, &ordered_extent->work);
btrfs_init_work(&ordered_extent->work, func, finish_ordered_fn, NULL,
NULL);
btrfs_queue_work(wq, &ordered_extent->work);
return 0;
}
......@@ -7208,7 +7216,8 @@ again:
if (!ret)
goto out_test;
btrfs_init_work(&ordered->work, finish_ordered_fn, NULL, NULL);
btrfs_init_work(&ordered->work, btrfs_endio_write_helper,
finish_ordered_fn, NULL, NULL);
btrfs_queue_work(root->fs_info->endio_write_workers,
&ordered->work);
out_test:
......@@ -8535,7 +8544,9 @@ struct btrfs_delalloc_work *btrfs_alloc_delalloc_work(struct inode *inode,
work->inode = inode;
work->wait = wait;
work->delay_iput = delay_iput;
btrfs_init_work(&work->work, btrfs_run_delalloc_work, NULL, NULL);
WARN_ON_ONCE(!inode);
btrfs_init_work(&work->work, btrfs_flush_delalloc_helper,
btrfs_run_delalloc_work, NULL, NULL);
return work;
}
......
......@@ -615,6 +615,7 @@ int btrfs_wait_ordered_extents(struct btrfs_root *root, int nr)
spin_unlock(&root->ordered_extent_lock);
btrfs_init_work(&ordered->flush_work,
btrfs_flush_delalloc_helper,
btrfs_run_ordered_extent_work, NULL, NULL);
list_add_tail(&ordered->work_list, &works);
btrfs_queue_work(root->fs_info->flush_workers,
......
......@@ -2720,6 +2720,7 @@ qgroup_rescan_init(struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info, u64 progress_objectid,
memset(&fs_info->qgroup_rescan_work, 0,
sizeof(fs_info->qgroup_rescan_work));
btrfs_init_work(&fs_info->qgroup_rescan_work,
btrfs_qgroup_rescan_helper,
btrfs_qgroup_rescan_worker, NULL, NULL);
if (ret) {
......
......@@ -1416,7 +1416,8 @@ cleanup:
static void async_rmw_stripe(struct btrfs_raid_bio *rbio)
{
btrfs_init_work(&rbio->work, rmw_work, NULL, NULL);
btrfs_init_work(&rbio->work, btrfs_rmw_helper,
rmw_work, NULL, NULL);
btrfs_queue_work(rbio->fs_info->rmw_workers,
&rbio->work);
......@@ -1424,7 +1425,8 @@ static void async_rmw_stripe(struct btrfs_raid_bio *rbio)
static void async_read_rebuild(struct btrfs_raid_bio *rbio)
{
btrfs_init_work(&rbio->work, read_rebuild_work, NULL, NULL);
btrfs_init_work(&rbio->work, btrfs_rmw_helper,
read_rebuild_work, NULL, NULL);
btrfs_queue_work(rbio->fs_info->rmw_workers,
&rbio->work);
......@@ -1665,7 +1667,8 @@ static void btrfs_raid_unplug(struct blk_plug_cb *cb, bool from_schedule)
plug = container_of(cb, struct btrfs_plug_cb, cb);
if (from_schedule) {
btrfs_init_work(&plug->work, unplug_work, NULL, NULL);
btrfs_init_work(&plug->work, btrfs_rmw_helper,
unplug_work, NULL, NULL);
btrfs_queue_work(plug->info->rmw_workers,
&plug->work);
return;
......
......@@ -798,7 +798,8 @@ static void reada_start_machine(struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info)
/* FIXME we cannot handle this properly right now */
BUG();
}
btrfs_init_work(&rmw->work, reada_start_machine_worker, NULL, NULL);
btrfs_init_work(&rmw->work, btrfs_readahead_helper,
reada_start_machine_worker, NULL, NULL);
rmw->fs_info = fs_info;
btrfs_queue_work(fs_info->readahead_workers, &rmw->work);
......
......@@ -428,8 +428,8 @@ struct scrub_ctx *scrub_setup_ctx(struct btrfs_device *dev, int is_dev_replace)
sbio->index = i;
sbio->sctx = sctx;
sbio->page_count = 0;
btrfs_init_work(&sbio->work, scrub_bio_end_io_worker,
NULL, NULL);
btrfs_init_work(&sbio->work, btrfs_scrub_helper,
scrub_bio_end_io_worker, NULL, NULL);
if (i != SCRUB_BIOS_PER_SCTX - 1)
sctx->bios[i]->next_free = i + 1;
......@@ -999,8 +999,8 @@ nodatasum_case:
fixup_nodatasum->root = fs_info->extent_root;
fixup_nodatasum->mirror_num = failed_mirror_index + 1;
scrub_pending_trans_workers_inc(sctx);
btrfs_init_work(&fixup_nodatasum->work, scrub_fixup_nodatasum,
NULL, NULL);
btrfs_init_work(&fixup_nodatasum->work, btrfs_scrub_helper,
scrub_fixup_nodatasum, NULL, NULL);
btrfs_queue_work(fs_info->scrub_workers,
&fixup_nodatasum->work);
goto out;
......@@ -1616,7 +1616,8 @@ static void scrub_wr_bio_end_io(struct bio *bio, int err)
sbio->err = err;
sbio->bio = bio;
btrfs_init_work(&sbio->work, scrub_wr_bio_end_io_worker, NULL, NULL);
btrfs_init_work(&sbio->work, btrfs_scrubwrc_helper,
scrub_wr_bio_end_io_worker, NULL, NULL);
btrfs_queue_work(fs_info->scrub_wr_completion_workers, &sbio->work);
}
......@@ -3214,7 +3215,8 @@ static int copy_nocow_pages(struct scrub_ctx *sctx, u64 logical, u64 len,
nocow_ctx->len = len;
nocow_ctx->mirror_num = mirror_num;
nocow_ctx->physical_for_dev_replace = physical_for_dev_replace;
btrfs_init_work(&nocow_ctx->work, copy_nocow_pages_worker, NULL, NULL);
btrfs_init_work(&nocow_ctx->work, btrfs_scrubnc_helper,
copy_nocow_pages_worker, NULL, NULL);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&nocow_ctx->inodes);
btrfs_queue_work(fs_info->scrub_nocow_workers,
&nocow_ctx->work);
......
......@@ -5854,7 +5854,8 @@ struct btrfs_device *btrfs_alloc_device(struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info,
else
generate_random_uuid(dev->uuid);
btrfs_init_work(&dev->work, pending_bios_fn, NULL, NULL);
btrfs_init_work(&dev->work, btrfs_submit_helper,
pending_bios_fn, NULL, NULL);
return dev;
}
......
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