Commit d07a980c authored by Heiko Carstens's avatar Heiko Carstens Committed by Martin Schwidefsky
Browse files

s390: add proper __ro_after_init support

On s390 __ro_after_init is currently mapped to __read_mostly which
means that data marked as __ro_after_init will not be protected.

Reason for this is that the common code __ro_after_init implementation
is x86 centric: the ro_after_init data section was added to rodata,
since x86 enables write protection to kernel text and rodata very
late. On s390 we have write protection for these sections enabled with
the initial page tables. So adding the ro_after_init data section to
rodata does not work on s390.

In order to make __ro_after_init work properly on s390 move the
ro_after_init data, right behind rodata. Unlike the rodata section it
will be marked read-only later after all init calls happened.

This s390 specific implementation adds new __start_ro_after_init and
__end_ro_after_init labels. Everything in between will be marked
read-only after the init calls happened. In addition to the
__ro_after_init data move also the exception table there, since from a
practical point of view it fits the __ro_after_init requirements.

Signed-off-by: default avatarHeiko Carstens <>
Reviewed-by: default avatarKees Cook <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarMartin Schwidefsky <>
parent 32fb2fc5
......@@ -15,7 +15,4 @@
#define __read_mostly __attribute__((__section__(".data..read_mostly")))
/* Read-only memory is marked before mark_rodata_ro() is called. */
#define __ro_after_init __read_mostly
......@@ -4,5 +4,6 @@
#include <asm-generic/sections.h>
extern char _eshared[], _ehead[];
extern char __start_ro_after_init[], __end_ro_after_init[];
......@@ -11,6 +11,9 @@
#define BSS_FIRST_SECTIONS *(.bss..swapper_pg_dir)
/* Handle ro_after_init data on our own. */
#include <asm-generic/>
OUTPUT_FORMAT("elf64-s390", "elf64-s390", "elf64-s390")
......@@ -56,7 +59,14 @@ SECTIONS
_eshared = .; /* End of shareable data */
_sdata = .; /* Start of data section */
__start_ro_after_init = .;
.data..ro_after_init : {
__end_ro_after_init = .;
......@@ -111,9 +111,10 @@ void __init paging_init(void)
void mark_rodata_ro(void)
/* Text and rodata are already protected. Nothing to do here. */
pr_info("Write protecting the kernel read-only data: %luk\n",
((unsigned long)&_eshared - (unsigned long)&_stext) >> 10);
unsigned long size = __end_ro_after_init - __start_ro_after_init;
set_memory_ro((unsigned long)__start_ro_after_init, size >> PAGE_SHIFT);
pr_info("Write protected read-only-after-init data: %luk\n", size >> 10);
void __init mem_init(void)
......@@ -373,14 +373,13 @@ out:
void __init vmem_map_init(void)
unsigned long ro_start, ro_end;
unsigned long size = _eshared - _stext;
struct memblock_region *reg;
for_each_memblock(memory, reg)
vmem_add_mem(reg->base, reg->size);
ro_start = PFN_ALIGN((unsigned long)&_stext);
ro_end = (unsigned long)&_eshared & PAGE_MASK;
set_memory_ro(ro_start, (ro_end - ro_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
set_memory_ro((unsigned long)_stext, size >> PAGE_SHIFT);
pr_info("Write protected kernel read-only data: %luk\n", size >> 10);
Supports Markdown
0% or .
You are about to add 0 people to the discussion. Proceed with caution.
Finish editing this message first!
Please register or to comment