Commit e513cc1c authored by Masami Hiramatsu's avatar Masami Hiramatsu Committed by Rusty Russell
Browse files

module: Remove stop_machine from module unloading



Remove stop_machine from module unloading by adding new reference
counting algorithm.

This atomic refcounter works like a semaphore, it can get (be
incremented) only when the counter is not 0. When loading a module,
kmodule subsystem sets the counter MODULE_REF_BASE (= 1). And when
unloading the module, it subtracts MODULE_REF_BASE from the counter.
If no one refers the module, the refcounter becomes 0 and we can
remove the module safely. If someone referes it, we try to recover
the counter by adding MODULE_REF_BASE unless the counter becomes 0,
because the referrer can put the module right before recovering.
If the recovering is failed, we can get the 0 refcount and it
never be incremented again, it can be removed safely too.

Note that __module_get() forcibly gets the module refcounter,
users should use try_module_get() instead of that.

Signed-off-by: default avatarMasami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarRusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
parent 2f35c41f
......@@ -42,7 +42,6 @@
#include <linux/vermagic.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/stop_machine.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
......@@ -98,7 +97,7 @@
* 1) List of modules (also safely readable with preempt_disable),
* 2) module_use links,
* 3) module_addr_min/module_addr_max.
* (delete uses stop_machine/add uses RCU list operations). */
* (delete and add uses RCU list operations). */
DEFINE_MUTEX(module_mutex);
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(module_mutex);
static LIST_HEAD(modules);
......@@ -628,14 +627,23 @@ static char last_unloaded_module[MODULE_NAME_LEN+1];
EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL(module_get);
/* MODULE_REF_BASE is the base reference count by kmodule loader. */
#define MODULE_REF_BASE 1
/* Init the unload section of the module. */
static int module_unload_init(struct module *mod)
{
/*
* Initialize reference counter to MODULE_REF_BASE.
* refcnt == 0 means module is going.
*/
atomic_set(&mod->refcnt, MODULE_REF_BASE);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mod->source_list);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mod->target_list);
/* Hold reference count during initialization. */
atomic_set(&mod->refcnt, 1);
atomic_inc(&mod->refcnt);
return 0;
}
......@@ -734,39 +742,39 @@ static inline int try_force_unload(unsigned int flags)
}
#endif /* CONFIG_MODULE_FORCE_UNLOAD */
struct stopref
/* Try to release refcount of module, 0 means success. */
static int try_release_module_ref(struct module *mod)
{
struct module *mod;
int flags;
int *forced;
};
int ret;
/* Whole machine is stopped with interrupts off when this runs. */
static int __try_stop_module(void *_sref)
{
struct stopref *sref = _sref;
/* Try to decrement refcnt which we set at loading */
ret = atomic_sub_return(MODULE_REF_BASE, &mod->refcnt);
BUG_ON(ret < 0);
if (ret)
/* Someone can put this right now, recover with checking */
ret = atomic_add_unless(&mod->refcnt, MODULE_REF_BASE, 0);
return ret;
}
static int try_stop_module(struct module *mod, int flags, int *forced)
{
/* If it's not unused, quit unless we're forcing. */
if (module_refcount(sref->mod) != 0) {
if (!(*sref->forced = try_force_unload(sref->flags)))
if (try_release_module_ref(mod) != 0) {
*forced = try_force_unload(flags);
if (!(*forced))
return -EWOULDBLOCK;
}
/* Mark it as dying. */
sref->mod->state = MODULE_STATE_GOING;
return 0;
}
static int try_stop_module(struct module *mod, int flags, int *forced)
{
struct stopref sref = { mod, flags, forced };
mod->state = MODULE_STATE_GOING;
return stop_machine(__try_stop_module, &sref, NULL);
return 0;
}
unsigned long module_refcount(struct module *mod)
{
return (unsigned long)atomic_read(&mod->refcnt);
return (unsigned long)atomic_read(&mod->refcnt) - MODULE_REF_BASE;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(module_refcount);
......@@ -921,11 +929,11 @@ bool try_module_get(struct module *module)
if (module) {
preempt_disable();
if (likely(module_is_live(module))) {
atomic_inc(&module->refcnt);
/* Note: here, we can fail to get a reference */
if (likely(module_is_live(module) &&
atomic_inc_not_zero(&module->refcnt) != 0))
trace_module_get(module, _RET_IP_);
} else
else
ret = false;
preempt_enable();
......@@ -936,9 +944,12 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(try_module_get);
void module_put(struct module *module)
{
int ret;
if (module) {
preempt_disable();
atomic_dec(&module->refcnt);
ret = atomic_dec_if_positive(&module->refcnt);
WARN_ON(ret < 0); /* Failed to put refcount */
trace_module_put(module, _RET_IP_);
preempt_enable();
}
......
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