Commit eab90a23 authored by Matteo Croce's avatar Matteo Croce Committed by Stephen Rothwell
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reboot: allow to specify reboot mode via sysfs

The kernel cmdline reboot= option offers some sort of control on how the
reboot is issued.

We don't always know in advance what type of reboot to perform.

Sometimes a warm reboot is preferred to persist certain memory regions
across the reboot.  Others a cold one is needed to apply a future
system update that makes a memory memory model change, like changing
the base page size or resizing a persistent memory region.

Or simply we want to enable reboot_force because we noticed that
something bad happened.

Add handles in sysfs to allow setting these reboot options, so they can
be changed when the system is booted, other than at boot time.

The handlers are under <sysfs>/kernel/reboot, can be read to get the
current configuration and written to alter it.

	# cd /sys/kernel/reboot/

	# grep . *
	cpu:0
	force:0
	mode:cold
	type:acpi

	# echo 2 >cpu
	# echo yes >force
	# echo soft >mode
	# echo bios >type

	# grep . *
	cpu:2
	force:1
	mode:soft
	type:bios

Before setting anything, check for CAP_SYS_BOOT capability, so it's
possible to allow an unpriviledged process to change these settings simply
by relaxing the handles permissions, without opening them to the world.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20201110202746.9690-1-mcroce@linux.microsoft.com


Signed-off-by: default avatarMatteo Croce <mcroce@microsoft.com>
Reviewed-by: default avatarPetr Mladek <pmladek@suse.com>
Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@kernel.org>
Cc: Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net>
Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Tyler Hicks <tyhicks@linux.microsoft.com>
Cc: Nathan Chancellor <natechancellor@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarStephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au>
parent b21926bd
What: /sys/kernel/reboot
Date: November 2020
KernelVersion: 5.11
Contact: Matteo Croce <mcroce@microsoft.com>
Description: Interface to set the kernel reboot behavior, similarly to
what can be done via the reboot= cmdline option.
(see Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt)
What: /sys/kernel/reboot/mode
Date: November 2020
KernelVersion: 5.11
Contact: Matteo Croce <mcroce@microsoft.com>
Description: Reboot mode. Valid values are: cold warm hard soft gpio
What: /sys/kernel/reboot/type
Date: November 2020
KernelVersion: 5.11
Contact: Matteo Croce <mcroce@microsoft.com>
Description: Reboot type. Valid values are: bios acpi kbd triple efi pci
What: /sys/kernel/reboot/cpu
Date: November 2020
KernelVersion: 5.11
Contact: Matteo Croce <mcroce@microsoft.com>
Description: CPU number to use to reboot.
What: /sys/kernel/reboot/force
Date: November 2020
KernelVersion: 5.11
Contact: Matteo Croce <mcroce@microsoft.com>
Description: Don't wait for any other CPUs on reboot and
avoid anything that could hang.
......@@ -598,3 +598,209 @@ static int __init reboot_setup(char *str)
return 1;
}
__setup("reboot=", reboot_setup);
#ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS
#define REBOOT_COLD_STR "cold"
#define REBOOT_WARM_STR "warm"
#define REBOOT_HARD_STR "hard"
#define REBOOT_SOFT_STR "soft"
#define REBOOT_GPIO_STR "gpio"
#define REBOOT_UNDEFINED_STR "undefined"
#define BOOT_TRIPLE_STR "triple"
#define BOOT_KBD_STR "kbd"
#define BOOT_BIOS_STR "bios"
#define BOOT_ACPI_STR "acpi"
#define BOOT_EFI_STR "efi"
#define BOOT_CF9_FORCE_STR "cf9_force"
#define BOOT_CF9_SAFE_STR "cf9_safe"
static ssize_t mode_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
const char *val;
switch (reboot_mode) {
case REBOOT_COLD:
val = REBOOT_COLD_STR;
break;
case REBOOT_WARM:
val = REBOOT_WARM_STR;
break;
case REBOOT_HARD:
val = REBOOT_HARD_STR;
break;
case REBOOT_SOFT:
val = REBOOT_SOFT_STR;
break;
case REBOOT_GPIO:
val = REBOOT_GPIO_STR;
break;
default:
val = REBOOT_UNDEFINED_STR;
}
return sprintf(buf, "%s\n", val);
}
static ssize_t mode_store(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr,
const char *buf, size_t count)
{
if (!capable(CAP_SYS_BOOT))
return -EPERM;
if (!strncmp(buf, REBOOT_COLD_STR, strlen(REBOOT_COLD_STR)))
reboot_mode = REBOOT_COLD;
else if (!strncmp(buf, REBOOT_WARM_STR, strlen(REBOOT_WARM_STR)))
reboot_mode = REBOOT_WARM;
else if (!strncmp(buf, REBOOT_HARD_STR, strlen(REBOOT_HARD_STR)))
reboot_mode = REBOOT_HARD;
else if (!strncmp(buf, REBOOT_SOFT_STR, strlen(REBOOT_SOFT_STR)))
reboot_mode = REBOOT_SOFT;
else if (!strncmp(buf, REBOOT_GPIO_STR, strlen(REBOOT_GPIO_STR)))
reboot_mode = REBOOT_GPIO;
else
return -EINVAL;
return count;
}
static struct kobj_attribute reboot_mode_attr = __ATTR_RW(mode);
static ssize_t type_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
const char *val;
switch (reboot_type) {
case BOOT_TRIPLE:
val = BOOT_TRIPLE_STR;
break;
case BOOT_KBD:
val = BOOT_KBD_STR;
break;
case BOOT_BIOS:
val = BOOT_BIOS_STR;
break;
case BOOT_ACPI:
val = BOOT_ACPI_STR;
break;
case BOOT_EFI:
val = BOOT_EFI_STR;
break;
case BOOT_CF9_FORCE:
val = BOOT_CF9_FORCE_STR;
break;
case BOOT_CF9_SAFE:
val = BOOT_CF9_SAFE_STR;
break;
default:
val = REBOOT_UNDEFINED_STR;
}
return sprintf(buf, "%s\n", val);
}
static ssize_t type_store(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr,
const char *buf, size_t count)
{
if (!capable(CAP_SYS_BOOT))
return -EPERM;
if (!strncmp(buf, BOOT_TRIPLE_STR, strlen(BOOT_TRIPLE_STR)))
reboot_mode = BOOT_TRIPLE;
else if (!strncmp(buf, BOOT_KBD_STR, strlen(BOOT_KBD_STR)))
reboot_mode = BOOT_KBD;
else if (!strncmp(buf, BOOT_BIOS_STR, strlen(BOOT_BIOS_STR)))
reboot_mode = BOOT_BIOS;
else if (!strncmp(buf, BOOT_ACPI_STR, strlen(BOOT_ACPI_STR)))
reboot_mode = BOOT_ACPI;
else if (!strncmp(buf, BOOT_EFI_STR, strlen(BOOT_EFI_STR)))
reboot_mode = BOOT_EFI;
else if (!strncmp(buf, BOOT_CF9_FORCE_STR, strlen(BOOT_CF9_FORCE_STR)))
reboot_mode = BOOT_CF9_FORCE;
else if (!strncmp(buf, BOOT_CF9_SAFE_STR, strlen(BOOT_CF9_SAFE_STR)))
reboot_mode = BOOT_CF9_SAFE;
else
return -EINVAL;
return count;
}
static struct kobj_attribute reboot_type_attr = __ATTR_RW(type);
static ssize_t cpu_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", reboot_cpu);
}
static ssize_t cpu_store(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr,
const char *buf, size_t count)
{
unsigned int cpunum;
int rc;
if (!capable(CAP_SYS_BOOT))
return -EPERM;
rc = kstrtouint(buf, 0, &cpunum);
if (rc)
return rc;
if (cpunum >= num_possible_cpus())
return -ERANGE;
reboot_cpu = cpunum;
return count;
}
static struct kobj_attribute reboot_cpu_attr = __ATTR_RW(cpu);
static ssize_t force_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", reboot_force);
}
static ssize_t force_store(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr,
const char *buf, size_t count)
{
bool res;
if (!capable(CAP_SYS_BOOT))
return -EPERM;
if (kstrtobool(buf, &res))
return -EINVAL;
reboot_force = res;
return count;
}
static struct kobj_attribute reboot_force_attr = __ATTR_RW(force);
static struct attribute *reboot_attrs[] = {
&reboot_mode_attr.attr,
&reboot_type_attr.attr,
&reboot_cpu_attr.attr,
&reboot_force_attr.attr,
NULL,
};
static const struct attribute_group reboot_attr_group = {
.attrs = reboot_attrs,
};
static int __init reboot_ksysfs_init(void)
{
struct kobject *reboot_kobj;
int ret;
reboot_kobj = kobject_create_and_add("reboot", kernel_kobj);
if (!reboot_kobj)
return -ENOMEM;
ret = sysfs_create_group(reboot_kobj, &reboot_attr_group);
if (ret) {
kobject_put(reboot_kobj);
return ret;
}
return 0;
}
late_initcall(reboot_ksysfs_init);
#endif
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