Commit 849fa506 authored by Yonghong Song's avatar Yonghong Song Committed by Alexei Starovoitov
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bpf/verifier: refine retval R0 state for bpf_get_stack helper



The special property of return values for helpers bpf_get_stack
and bpf_probe_read_str are captured in verifier.
Both helpers return a negative error code or
a length, which is equal to or smaller than the buffer
size argument. This additional information in the
verifier can avoid the condition such as "retval > bufsize"
in the bpf program. For example, for the code blow,
    usize = bpf_get_stack(ctx, raw_data, max_len, BPF_F_USER_STACK);
    if (usize < 0 || usize > max_len)
        return 0;
The verifier may have the following errors:
    52: (85) call bpf_get_stack#65
     R0=map_value(id=0,off=0,ks=4,vs=1600,imm=0) R1_w=ctx(id=0,off=0,imm=0)
     R2_w=map_value(id=0,off=0,ks=4,vs=1600,imm=0) R3_w=inv800 R4_w=inv256
     R6=ctx(id=0,off=0,imm=0) R7=map_value(id=0,off=0,ks=4,vs=1600,imm=0)
     R9_w=inv800 R10=fp0,call_-1
    53: (bf) r8 = r0
    54: (bf) r1 = r8
    55: (67) r1 <<= 32
    56: (bf) r2 = r1
    57: (77) r2 >>= 32
    58: (25) if r2 > 0x31f goto pc+33
     R0=inv(id=0) R1=inv(id=0,smax_value=9223372032559808512,
                         umax_value=18446744069414584320,
                         var_off=(0x0; 0xffffffff00000000))
     R2=inv(id=0,umax_value=799,var_off=(0x0; 0x3ff))
     R6=ctx(id=0,off=0,imm=0) R7=map_value(id=0,off=0,ks=4,vs=1600,imm=0)
     R8=inv(id=0) R9=inv800 R10=fp0,call_-1
    59: (1f) r9 -= r8
    60: (c7) r1 s>>= 32
    61: (bf) r2 = r7
    62: (0f) r2 += r1
    math between map_value pointer and register with unbounded
    min value is not allowed
The failure is due to llvm compiler optimization where register "r2",
which is a copy of "r1", is tested for condition while later on "r1"
is used for map_ptr operation. The verifier is not able to track such
inst sequence effectively.

Without the "usize > max_len" condition, there is no llvm optimization
and the below generated code passed verifier:
    52: (85) call bpf_get_stack#65
     R0=map_value(id=0,off=0,ks=4,vs=1600,imm=0) R1_w=ctx(id=0,off=0,imm=0)
     R2_w=map_value(id=0,off=0,ks=4,vs=1600,imm=0) R3_w=inv800 R4_w=inv256
     R6=ctx(id=0,off=0,imm=0) R7=map_value(id=0,off=0,ks=4,vs=1600,imm=0)
     R9_w=inv800 R10=fp0,call_-1
    53: (b7) r1 = 0
    54: (bf) r8 = r0
    55: (67) r8 <<= 32
    56: (c7) r8 s>>= 32
    57: (6d) if r1 s> r8 goto pc+24
     R0=inv(id=0,umax_value=800,var_off=(0x0; 0x3ff))
     R1=inv0 R6=ctx(id=0,off=0,imm=0)
     R7=map_value(id=0,off=0,ks=4,vs=1600,imm=0)
     R8=inv(id=0,umax_value=800,var_off=(0x0; 0x3ff)) R9=inv800
     R10=fp0,call_-1
    58: (bf) r2 = r7
    59: (0f) r2 += r8
    60: (1f) r9 -= r8
    61: (bf) r1 = r6
Acked-by: default avatarAlexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarYonghong Song <yhs@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAlexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
parent c195651e
......@@ -165,6 +165,8 @@ struct bpf_call_arg_meta {
bool pkt_access;
int regno;
int access_size;
s64 msize_smax_value;
u64 msize_umax_value;
};
static DEFINE_MUTEX(bpf_verifier_lock);
......@@ -1985,6 +1987,12 @@ static int check_func_arg(struct bpf_verifier_env *env, u32 regno,
} else if (arg_type_is_mem_size(arg_type)) {
bool zero_size_allowed = (arg_type == ARG_CONST_SIZE_OR_ZERO);
/* remember the mem_size which may be used later
* to refine return values.
*/
meta->msize_smax_value = reg->smax_value;
meta->msize_umax_value = reg->umax_value;
/* The register is SCALAR_VALUE; the access check
* happens using its boundaries.
*/
......@@ -2324,6 +2332,23 @@ static int prepare_func_exit(struct bpf_verifier_env *env, int *insn_idx)
return 0;
}
static void do_refine_retval_range(struct bpf_reg_state *regs, int ret_type,
int func_id,
struct bpf_call_arg_meta *meta)
{
struct bpf_reg_state *ret_reg = &regs[BPF_REG_0];
if (ret_type != RET_INTEGER ||
(func_id != BPF_FUNC_get_stack &&
func_id != BPF_FUNC_probe_read_str))
return;
ret_reg->smax_value = meta->msize_smax_value;
ret_reg->umax_value = meta->msize_umax_value;
__reg_deduce_bounds(ret_reg);
__reg_bound_offset(ret_reg);
}
static int check_helper_call(struct bpf_verifier_env *env, int func_id, int insn_idx)
{
const struct bpf_func_proto *fn = NULL;
......@@ -2447,6 +2472,8 @@ static int check_helper_call(struct bpf_verifier_env *env, int func_id, int insn
return -EINVAL;
}
do_refine_retval_range(regs, fn->ret_type, func_id, &meta);
err = check_map_func_compatibility(env, meta.map_ptr, func_id);
if (err)
return err;
......
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