bearer.c 17 KB
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/*
 * net/tipc/bearer.c: TIPC bearer code
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 *
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 * Copyright (c) 1996-2006, Ericsson AB
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 * Copyright (c) 2004-2006, Wind River Systems
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 * All rights reserved.
 *
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 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
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 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
 *
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 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. Neither the names of the copyright holders nor the names of its
 *    contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from
 *    this software without specific prior written permission.
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 *
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 * Alternatively, this software may be distributed under the terms of the
 * GNU General Public License ("GPL") version 2 as published by the Free
 * Software Foundation.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS"
 * AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE
 * LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
 * CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
 * SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
 * INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
 * CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
 * ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
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 * POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#include "core.h"
#include "config.h"
#include "bearer.h"
#include "discover.h"

#define MAX_ADDR_STR 32

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static struct media media_list[MAX_MEDIA];
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static u32 media_count = 0;

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struct bearer tipc_bearers[MAX_BEARERS];
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/**
 * media_name_valid - validate media name
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 *
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 * Returns 1 if media name is valid, otherwise 0.
 */

static int media_name_valid(const char *name)
{
	u32 len;

	len = strlen(name);
	if ((len + 1) > TIPC_MAX_MEDIA_NAME)
		return 0;
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	return strspn(name, tipc_alphabet) == len;
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}

/**
 * media_find - locates specified media object by name
 */

static struct media *media_find(const char *name)
{
	struct media *m_ptr;
	u32 i;

	for (i = 0, m_ptr = media_list; i < media_count; i++, m_ptr++) {
		if (!strcmp(m_ptr->name, name))
			return m_ptr;
	}
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	return NULL;
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}

/**
 * tipc_register_media - register a media type
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 *
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 * Bearers for this media type must be activated separately at a later stage.
 */

int  tipc_register_media(u32 media_type,
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			 char *name,
			 int (*enable)(struct tipc_bearer *),
			 void (*disable)(struct tipc_bearer *),
			 int (*send_msg)(struct sk_buff *,
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					 struct tipc_bearer *,
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					 struct tipc_media_addr *),
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			 char *(*addr2str)(struct tipc_media_addr *a,
					   char *str_buf, int str_size),
			 struct tipc_media_addr *bcast_addr,
			 const u32 bearer_priority,
			 const u32 link_tolerance,  /* [ms] */
			 const u32 send_window_limit)
{
	struct media *m_ptr;
	u32 media_id;
	u32 i;
	int res = -EINVAL;

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	write_lock_bh(&tipc_net_lock);
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	if (tipc_mode != TIPC_NET_MODE) {
		warn("Media <%s> rejected, not in networked mode yet\n", name);
		goto exit;
	}
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	if (!media_name_valid(name)) {
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		warn("Media <%s> rejected, illegal name\n", name);
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		goto exit;
	}
	if (!bcast_addr) {
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		warn("Media <%s> rejected, no broadcast address\n", name);
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		goto exit;
	}
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	if ((bearer_priority < TIPC_MIN_LINK_PRI) ||
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	    (bearer_priority > TIPC_MAX_LINK_PRI)) {
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		warn("Media <%s> rejected, illegal priority (%u)\n", name,
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		     bearer_priority);
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		goto exit;
	}
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	if ((link_tolerance < TIPC_MIN_LINK_TOL) ||
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	    (link_tolerance > TIPC_MAX_LINK_TOL)) {
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		warn("Media <%s> rejected, illegal tolerance (%u)\n", name,
		     link_tolerance);
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		goto exit;
	}

	media_id = media_count++;
	if (media_id >= MAX_MEDIA) {
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		warn("Media <%s> rejected, media limit reached (%u)\n", name,
		     MAX_MEDIA);
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		media_count--;
		goto exit;
	}
	for (i = 0; i < media_id; i++) {
		if (media_list[i].type_id == media_type) {
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			warn("Media <%s> rejected, duplicate type (%u)\n", name,
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			     media_type);
			media_count--;
			goto exit;
		}
		if (!strcmp(name, media_list[i].name)) {
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			warn("Media <%s> rejected, duplicate name\n", name);
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			media_count--;
			goto exit;
		}
	}

	m_ptr = &media_list[media_id];
	m_ptr->type_id = media_type;
	m_ptr->send_msg = send_msg;
	m_ptr->enable_bearer = enable;
	m_ptr->disable_bearer = disable;
	m_ptr->addr2str = addr2str;
	memcpy(&m_ptr->bcast_addr, bcast_addr, sizeof(*bcast_addr));
	m_ptr->bcast = 1;
	strcpy(m_ptr->name, name);
	m_ptr->priority = bearer_priority;
	m_ptr->tolerance = link_tolerance;
	m_ptr->window = send_window_limit;
	res = 0;
exit:
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	write_unlock_bh(&tipc_net_lock);
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	return res;
}

/**
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 * tipc_media_addr_printf - record media address in print buffer
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 */

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void tipc_media_addr_printf(struct print_buf *pb, struct tipc_media_addr *a)
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{
	struct media *m_ptr;
	u32 media_type;
	u32 i;

	media_type = ntohl(a->type);
	for (i = 0, m_ptr = media_list; i < media_count; i++, m_ptr++) {
		if (m_ptr->type_id == media_type)
			break;
	}

	if ((i < media_count) && (m_ptr->addr2str != NULL)) {
		char addr_str[MAX_ADDR_STR];

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		tipc_printf(pb, "%s(%s)", m_ptr->name,
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			    m_ptr->addr2str(a, addr_str, sizeof(addr_str)));
	} else {
		unchar *addr = (unchar *)&a->dev_addr;

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		tipc_printf(pb, "UNKNOWN(%u)", media_type);
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		for (i = 0; i < (sizeof(*a) - sizeof(a->type)); i++) {
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			tipc_printf(pb, "-%02x", addr[i]);
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		}
	}
}

/**
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 * tipc_media_get_names - record names of registered media in buffer
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 */

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struct sk_buff *tipc_media_get_names(void)
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{
	struct sk_buff *buf;
	struct media *m_ptr;
	int i;

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	buf = tipc_cfg_reply_alloc(MAX_MEDIA * TLV_SPACE(TIPC_MAX_MEDIA_NAME));
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	if (!buf)
		return NULL;

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	read_lock_bh(&tipc_net_lock);
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	for (i = 0, m_ptr = media_list; i < media_count; i++, m_ptr++) {
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		tipc_cfg_append_tlv(buf, TIPC_TLV_MEDIA_NAME, m_ptr->name,
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				    strlen(m_ptr->name) + 1);
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	}
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	read_unlock_bh(&tipc_net_lock);
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	return buf;
}

/**
 * bearer_name_validate - validate & (optionally) deconstruct bearer name
 * @name - ptr to bearer name string
 * @name_parts - ptr to area for bearer name components (or NULL if not needed)
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 *
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 * Returns 1 if bearer name is valid, otherwise 0.
 */

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static int bearer_name_validate(const char *name,
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				struct bearer_name *name_parts)
{
	char name_copy[TIPC_MAX_BEARER_NAME];
	char *media_name;
	char *if_name;
	u32 media_len;
	u32 if_len;

	/* copy bearer name & ensure length is OK */

	name_copy[TIPC_MAX_BEARER_NAME - 1] = 0;
	/* need above in case non-Posix strncpy() doesn't pad with nulls */
	strncpy(name_copy, name, TIPC_MAX_BEARER_NAME);
	if (name_copy[TIPC_MAX_BEARER_NAME - 1] != 0)
		return 0;

	/* ensure all component parts of bearer name are present */

	media_name = name_copy;
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	if_name = strchr(media_name, ':');
	if (if_name == NULL)
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		return 0;
	*(if_name++) = 0;
	media_len = if_name - media_name;
	if_len = strlen(if_name) + 1;

	/* validate component parts of bearer name */

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	if ((media_len <= 1) || (media_len > TIPC_MAX_MEDIA_NAME) ||
	    (if_len <= 1) || (if_len > TIPC_MAX_IF_NAME) ||
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	    (strspn(media_name, tipc_alphabet) != (media_len - 1)) ||
	    (strspn(if_name, tipc_alphabet) != (if_len - 1)))
		return 0;

	/* return bearer name components, if necessary */

	if (name_parts) {
		strcpy(name_parts->media_name, media_name);
		strcpy(name_parts->if_name, if_name);
	}
	return 1;
}

/**
 * bearer_find - locates bearer object with matching bearer name
 */

static struct bearer *bearer_find(const char *name)
{
	struct bearer *b_ptr;
	u32 i;

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	for (i = 0, b_ptr = tipc_bearers; i < MAX_BEARERS; i++, b_ptr++) {
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		if (b_ptr->active && (!strcmp(b_ptr->publ.name, name)))
			return b_ptr;
	}
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	return NULL;
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}

/**
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 * tipc_bearer_find_interface - locates bearer object with matching interface name
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 */

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struct bearer *tipc_bearer_find_interface(const char *if_name)
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{
	struct bearer *b_ptr;
	char *b_if_name;
	u32 i;

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	for (i = 0, b_ptr = tipc_bearers; i < MAX_BEARERS; i++, b_ptr++) {
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		if (!b_ptr->active)
			continue;
		b_if_name = strchr(b_ptr->publ.name, ':') + 1;
		if (!strcmp(b_if_name, if_name))
			return b_ptr;
	}
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	return NULL;
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}

/**
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 * tipc_bearer_get_names - record names of bearers in buffer
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 */

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struct sk_buff *tipc_bearer_get_names(void)
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{
	struct sk_buff *buf;
	struct media *m_ptr;
	struct bearer *b_ptr;
	int i, j;

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	buf = tipc_cfg_reply_alloc(MAX_BEARERS * TLV_SPACE(TIPC_MAX_BEARER_NAME));
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	if (!buf)
		return NULL;

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	read_lock_bh(&tipc_net_lock);
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	for (i = 0, m_ptr = media_list; i < media_count; i++, m_ptr++) {
		for (j = 0; j < MAX_BEARERS; j++) {
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			b_ptr = &tipc_bearers[j];
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			if (b_ptr->active && (b_ptr->media == m_ptr)) {
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				tipc_cfg_append_tlv(buf, TIPC_TLV_BEARER_NAME,
						    b_ptr->publ.name,
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						    strlen(b_ptr->publ.name) + 1);
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			}
		}
	}
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	read_unlock_bh(&tipc_net_lock);
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	return buf;
}

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void tipc_bearer_add_dest(struct bearer *b_ptr, u32 dest)
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{
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	tipc_nmap_add(&b_ptr->nodes, dest);
	tipc_disc_update_link_req(b_ptr->link_req);
	tipc_bcbearer_sort();
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}

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void tipc_bearer_remove_dest(struct bearer *b_ptr, u32 dest)
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{
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	tipc_nmap_remove(&b_ptr->nodes, dest);
	tipc_disc_update_link_req(b_ptr->link_req);
	tipc_bcbearer_sort();
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}

/*
 * bearer_push(): Resolve bearer congestion. Force the waiting
 * links to push out their unsent packets, one packet per link
 * per iteration, until all packets are gone or congestion reoccurs.
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 * 'tipc_net_lock' is read_locked when this function is called
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 * bearer.lock must be taken before calling
 * Returns binary true(1) ore false(0)
 */
static int bearer_push(struct bearer *b_ptr)
{
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	u32 res = 0;
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	struct link *ln, *tln;

	if (b_ptr->publ.blocked)
		return 0;

	while (!list_empty(&b_ptr->cong_links) && (res != PUSH_FAILED)) {
		list_for_each_entry_safe(ln, tln, &b_ptr->cong_links, link_list) {
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			res = tipc_link_push_packet(ln);
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			if (res == PUSH_FAILED)
				break;
			if (res == PUSH_FINISHED)
				list_move_tail(&ln->link_list, &b_ptr->links);
		}
	}
	return list_empty(&b_ptr->cong_links);
}

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void tipc_bearer_lock_push(struct bearer *b_ptr)
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{
	int res;

	spin_lock_bh(&b_ptr->publ.lock);
	res = bearer_push(b_ptr);
	spin_unlock_bh(&b_ptr->publ.lock);
	if (res)
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		tipc_bcbearer_push();
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}


/*
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 * Interrupt enabling new requests after bearer congestion or blocking:
 * See bearer_send().
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 */
void tipc_continue(struct tipc_bearer *tb_ptr)
{
	struct bearer *b_ptr = (struct bearer *)tb_ptr;

	spin_lock_bh(&b_ptr->publ.lock);
	b_ptr->continue_count++;
	if (!list_empty(&b_ptr->cong_links))
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		tipc_k_signal((Handler)tipc_bearer_lock_push, (unsigned long)b_ptr);
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	b_ptr->publ.blocked = 0;
	spin_unlock_bh(&b_ptr->publ.lock);
}

/*
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 * Schedule link for sending of messages after the bearer
 * has been deblocked by 'continue()'. This method is called
 * when somebody tries to send a message via this link while
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 * the bearer is congested. 'tipc_net_lock' is in read_lock here
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 * bearer.lock is busy
 */

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static void tipc_bearer_schedule_unlocked(struct bearer *b_ptr, struct link *l_ptr)
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{
	list_move_tail(&l_ptr->link_list, &b_ptr->cong_links);
}

/*
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 * Schedule link for sending of messages after the bearer
 * has been deblocked by 'continue()'. This method is called
 * when somebody tries to send a message via this link while
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 * the bearer is congested. 'tipc_net_lock' is in read_lock here,
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 * bearer.lock is free
 */

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void tipc_bearer_schedule(struct bearer *b_ptr, struct link *l_ptr)
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{
	spin_lock_bh(&b_ptr->publ.lock);
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	tipc_bearer_schedule_unlocked(b_ptr, l_ptr);
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	spin_unlock_bh(&b_ptr->publ.lock);
}


/*
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 * tipc_bearer_resolve_congestion(): Check if there is bearer congestion,
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 * and if there is, try to resolve it before returning.
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 * 'tipc_net_lock' is read_locked when this function is called
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 */
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int tipc_bearer_resolve_congestion(struct bearer *b_ptr, struct link *l_ptr)
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{
	int res = 1;

	if (list_empty(&b_ptr->cong_links))
		return 1;
	spin_lock_bh(&b_ptr->publ.lock);
	if (!bearer_push(b_ptr)) {
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		tipc_bearer_schedule_unlocked(b_ptr, l_ptr);
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		res = 0;
	}
	spin_unlock_bh(&b_ptr->publ.lock);
	return res;
}

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/**
 * tipc_bearer_congested - determines if bearer is currently congested
 */

int tipc_bearer_congested(struct bearer *b_ptr, struct link *l_ptr)
{
	if (unlikely(b_ptr->publ.blocked))
		return 1;
	if (likely(list_empty(&b_ptr->cong_links)))
		return 0;
	return !tipc_bearer_resolve_congestion(b_ptr, l_ptr);
}
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/**
 * tipc_enable_bearer - enable bearer with the given name
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 */
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int tipc_enable_bearer(const char *name, u32 bcast_scope, u32 priority)
{
	struct bearer *b_ptr;
	struct media *m_ptr;
	struct bearer_name b_name;
	char addr_string[16];
	u32 bearer_id;
	u32 with_this_prio;
	u32 i;
	int res = -EINVAL;

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	if (tipc_mode != TIPC_NET_MODE) {
		warn("Bearer <%s> rejected, not supported in standalone mode\n",
		     name);
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		return -ENOPROTOOPT;
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	}
	if (!bearer_name_validate(name, &b_name)) {
		warn("Bearer <%s> rejected, illegal name\n", name);
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		return -EINVAL;
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	}
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	if (!tipc_addr_domain_valid(bcast_scope) ||
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	    !tipc_in_scope(bcast_scope, tipc_own_addr)) {
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		warn("Bearer <%s> rejected, illegal broadcast scope\n", name);
		return -EINVAL;
	}
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	if ((priority < TIPC_MIN_LINK_PRI ||
	     priority > TIPC_MAX_LINK_PRI) &&
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	    (priority != TIPC_MEDIA_LINK_PRI)) {
		warn("Bearer <%s> rejected, illegal priority\n", name);
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		return -EINVAL;
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	}
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	write_lock_bh(&tipc_net_lock);
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	m_ptr = media_find(b_name.media_name);
	if (!m_ptr) {
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		warn("Bearer <%s> rejected, media <%s> not registered\n", name,
		     b_name.media_name);
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		goto failed;
	}
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	if (priority == TIPC_MEDIA_LINK_PRI)
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		priority = m_ptr->priority;

restart:
	bearer_id = MAX_BEARERS;
	with_this_prio = 1;
	for (i = MAX_BEARERS; i-- != 0; ) {
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		if (!tipc_bearers[i].active) {
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			bearer_id = i;
			continue;
		}
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		if (!strcmp(name, tipc_bearers[i].publ.name)) {
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			warn("Bearer <%s> rejected, already enabled\n", name);
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			goto failed;
		}
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		if ((tipc_bearers[i].priority == priority) &&
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		    (++with_this_prio > 2)) {
			if (priority-- == 0) {
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				warn("Bearer <%s> rejected, duplicate priority\n",
				     name);
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				goto failed;
			}
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			warn("Bearer <%s> priority adjustment required %u->%u\n",
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			     name, priority + 1, priority);
			goto restart;
		}
	}
	if (bearer_id >= MAX_BEARERS) {
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		warn("Bearer <%s> rejected, bearer limit reached (%u)\n",
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		     name, MAX_BEARERS);
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		goto failed;
	}

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	b_ptr = &tipc_bearers[bearer_id];
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	strcpy(b_ptr->publ.name, name);
	res = m_ptr->enable_bearer(&b_ptr->publ);
	if (res) {
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		warn("Bearer <%s> rejected, enable failure (%d)\n", name, -res);
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		goto failed;
	}

	b_ptr->identity = bearer_id;
	b_ptr->media = m_ptr;
	b_ptr->net_plane = bearer_id + 'A';
	b_ptr->active = 1;
	b_ptr->detect_scope = bcast_scope;
	b_ptr->priority = priority;
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&b_ptr->cong_links);
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&b_ptr->links);
	if (m_ptr->bcast) {
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		b_ptr->link_req = tipc_disc_init_link_req(b_ptr, &m_ptr->bcast_addr,
							  bcast_scope, 2);
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	}
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	spin_lock_init(&b_ptr->publ.lock);
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	write_unlock_bh(&tipc_net_lock);
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	info("Enabled bearer <%s>, discovery domain %s, priority %u\n",
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	     name, tipc_addr_string_fill(addr_string, bcast_scope), priority);
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	return 0;
failed:
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	write_unlock_bh(&tipc_net_lock);
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	return res;
}

/**
 * tipc_block_bearer(): Block the bearer with the given name,
 *                      and reset all its links
 */

int tipc_block_bearer(const char *name)
{
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	struct bearer *b_ptr = NULL;
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	struct link *l_ptr;
	struct link *temp_l_ptr;

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	read_lock_bh(&tipc_net_lock);
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	b_ptr = bearer_find(name);
	if (!b_ptr) {
		warn("Attempt to block unknown bearer <%s>\n", name);
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		read_unlock_bh(&tipc_net_lock);
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		return -EINVAL;
	}

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	info("Blocking bearer <%s>\n", name);
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	spin_lock_bh(&b_ptr->publ.lock);
	b_ptr->publ.blocked = 1;
	list_for_each_entry_safe(l_ptr, temp_l_ptr, &b_ptr->links, link_list) {
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		struct tipc_node *n_ptr = l_ptr->owner;
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		spin_lock_bh(&n_ptr->lock);
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		tipc_link_reset(l_ptr);
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		spin_unlock_bh(&n_ptr->lock);
	}
	spin_unlock_bh(&b_ptr->publ.lock);
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	read_unlock_bh(&tipc_net_lock);
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	return 0;
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}

/**
 * bearer_disable -
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 *
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 * Note: This routine assumes caller holds tipc_net_lock.
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 */

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static void bearer_disable(struct bearer *b_ptr)
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{
	struct link *l_ptr;
	struct link *temp_l_ptr;

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	info("Disabling bearer <%s>\n", b_ptr->publ.name);
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	tipc_disc_stop_link_req(b_ptr->link_req);
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	spin_lock_bh(&b_ptr->publ.lock);
	b_ptr->link_req = NULL;
	b_ptr->publ.blocked = 1;
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	b_ptr->media->disable_bearer(&b_ptr->publ);
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	list_for_each_entry_safe(l_ptr, temp_l_ptr, &b_ptr->links, link_list) {
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		tipc_link_delete(l_ptr);
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	}
	spin_unlock_bh(&b_ptr->publ.lock);
	memset(b_ptr, 0, sizeof(struct bearer));
}

int tipc_disable_bearer(const char *name)
{
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	struct bearer *b_ptr;
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	int res;

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	write_lock_bh(&tipc_net_lock);
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	b_ptr = bearer_find(name);
	if (b_ptr == NULL) {
		warn("Attempt to disable unknown bearer <%s>\n", name);
		res = -EINVAL;
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	} else {
		bearer_disable(b_ptr);
		res = 0;
	}
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	write_unlock_bh(&tipc_net_lock);
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	return res;
}



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void tipc_bearer_stop(void)
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{
	u32 i;

	for (i = 0; i < MAX_BEARERS; i++) {
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		if (tipc_bearers[i].active)
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			bearer_disable(&tipc_bearers[i]);
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	}
	media_count = 0;
}