Commit a5325ae5 authored by Erik Hugne's avatar Erik Hugne Committed by David S. Miller
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tipc: add name distributor resiliency queue

TIPC name table updates are distributed asynchronously in a cluster,
entailing a risk of certain race conditions. E.g., if two nodes
simultaneously issue conflicting (overlapping) publications, this may
not be detected until both publications have reached a third node, in
which case one of the publications will be silently dropped on that
node. Hence, we end up with an inconsistent name table.

In most cases this conflict is just a temporary race, e.g., one
node is issuing a publication under the assumption that a previous,
conflicting, publication has already been withdrawn by the other node.
However, because of the (rtt related) distributed update delay, this
may not yet hold true on all nodes. The symptom of this failure is a
syslog message: "tipc: Cannot publish {%u,%u,%u}, overlap error".

In this commit we add a resiliency queue at the receiving end of
the name table distributor. When insertion of an arriving publication
fails, we retain it in this queue for a short amount of time, assuming
that another update will arrive very soon and clear the conflict. If so
happens, we insert the publication, otherwise we drop it.

The (configurable) retention value defaults to 2000 ms. Knowing from
experience that the situation described above is extremely rare, there
is no risk that the queue will accumulate any large number of items.

Signed-off-by: default avatarErik Hugne <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarJon Maloy <>
Acked-by: Ying Xue's avatarYing Xue <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid S. Miller <>
parent f4ad8a4b
......@@ -241,6 +241,9 @@ address of the router (or Connected) for internal networks.
The TIPC protocol now has a tunable for the receive memory, similar to the
tcp_rmem - i.e. a vector of 3 INTEGERs: (min, default, max)
......@@ -252,3 +255,16 @@ The max value is set to CONN_OVERLOAD_LIMIT, and the default and min values
are scaled (shifted) versions of that same value. Note that the min value
is not at this point in time used in any meaningful way, but the triplet is
preserved in order to be consistent with things like tcp_rmem.
TIPC name table updates are distributed asynchronously in a cluster, without
any form of transaction handling. This means that different race scenarios are
possible. One such is that a name withdrawal sent out by one node and received
by another node may arrive after a second, overlapping name publication already
has been accepted from a third node, although the conflicting updates
originally may have been issued in the correct sequential order.
If named_timeout is nonzero, failed topology updates will be placed on a defer
queue until another event arrives that clears the error, or until the timeout
expires. Value is in milliseconds.
......@@ -81,6 +81,7 @@ extern u32 tipc_own_addr __read_mostly;
extern int tipc_max_ports __read_mostly;
extern int tipc_net_id __read_mostly;
extern int sysctl_tipc_rmem[3] __read_mostly;
extern int sysctl_tipc_named_timeout __read_mostly;
* Other global variables
* net/tipc/name_distr.c: TIPC name distribution code
* Copyright (c) 2000-2006, Ericsson AB
* Copyright (c) 2000-2006, 2014, Ericsson AB
* Copyright (c) 2005, 2010-2011, Wind River Systems
* All rights reserved.
......@@ -71,6 +71,21 @@ static struct publ_list *publ_lists[] = {
int sysctl_tipc_named_timeout __read_mostly = 2000;
* struct tipc_dist_queue - queue holding deferred name table updates
static struct list_head tipc_dist_queue = LIST_HEAD_INIT(tipc_dist_queue);
struct distr_queue_item {
struct distr_item i;
u32 dtype;
u32 node;
unsigned long expires;
struct list_head next;
* publ_to_item - add publication info to a publication message
......@@ -298,6 +313,52 @@ struct publication *tipc_update_nametbl(struct distr_item *i, u32 node,
return publ;
* tipc_named_add_backlog - add a failed name table update to the backlog
static void tipc_named_add_backlog(struct distr_item *i, u32 type, u32 node)
struct distr_queue_item *e;
unsigned long now = get_jiffies_64();
e = kzalloc(sizeof(*e), GFP_ATOMIC);
if (!e)
e->dtype = type;
e->node = node;
e->expires = now + msecs_to_jiffies(sysctl_tipc_named_timeout);
memcpy(e, i, sizeof(*i));
list_add_tail(&e->next, &tipc_dist_queue);
* tipc_named_process_backlog - try to process any pending name table updates
* from the network.
void tipc_named_process_backlog(void)
struct distr_queue_item *e, *tmp;
char addr[16];
unsigned long now = get_jiffies_64();
list_for_each_entry_safe(e, tmp, &tipc_dist_queue, next) {
if (time_after(e->expires, now)) {
if (!tipc_update_nametbl(&e->i, e->node, e->dtype))
} else {
tipc_addr_string_fill(addr, e->node);
pr_warn_ratelimited("Dropping name table update (%d) of {%u, %u, %u} from %s key=%u\n",
e->dtype, ntohl(e->i.type),
addr, ntohl(e->i.key));
* tipc_named_rcv - process name table update message sent by another node
......@@ -306,13 +367,15 @@ void tipc_named_rcv(struct sk_buff *buf)
struct tipc_msg *msg = buf_msg(buf);
struct distr_item *item = (struct distr_item *)msg_data(msg);
u32 count = msg_data_sz(msg) / ITEM_SIZE;
u32 node = msg_orignode(msg);
while (count--) {
tipc_update_nametbl(item, msg_orignode(msg),
if (!tipc_update_nametbl(item, node, msg_type(msg)))
tipc_named_add_backlog(item, msg_type(msg), node);
......@@ -73,5 +73,6 @@ void named_cluster_distribute(struct sk_buff *buf);
void tipc_named_node_up(u32 dnode);
void tipc_named_rcv(struct sk_buff *buf);
void tipc_named_reinit(void);
void tipc_named_process_backlog(void);
......@@ -261,8 +261,6 @@ static struct publication *tipc_nameseq_insert_publ(struct name_seq *nseq,
/* Lower end overlaps existing entry => need an exact match */
if ((sseq->lower != lower) || (sseq->upper != upper)) {
pr_warn("Cannot publish {%u,%u,%u}, overlap error\n",
type, lower, upper);
return NULL;
......@@ -284,8 +282,6 @@ static struct publication *tipc_nameseq_insert_publ(struct name_seq *nseq,
/* Fail if upper end overlaps into an existing entry */
if ((inspos < nseq->first_free) &&
(upper >= nseq->sseqs[inspos].lower)) {
pr_warn("Cannot publish {%u,%u,%u}, overlap error\n",
type, lower, upper);
return NULL;
......@@ -677,6 +673,8 @@ struct publication *tipc_nametbl_publish(u32 type, u32 lower, u32 upper,
if (likely(publ)) {
buf = tipc_named_publish(publ);
/* Any pending external events? */
......@@ -698,6 +696,8 @@ int tipc_nametbl_withdraw(u32 type, u32 lower, u32 ref, u32 key)
if (likely(publ)) {
buf = tipc_named_withdraw(publ);
/* Any pending external events? */
......@@ -47,6 +47,13 @@ static struct ctl_table tipc_table[] = {
.mode = 0644,
.proc_handler = proc_dointvec,
.procname = "named_timeout",
.data = &sysctl_tipc_named_timeout,
.maxlen = sizeof(sysctl_tipc_named_timeout),
.mode = 0644,
.proc_handler = proc_dointvec,
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