Commit ca2f09f2 authored by Paul Durrant's avatar Paul Durrant Committed by David S. Miller
Browse files

xen-netback: improve guest-receive-side flow control



The way that flow control works without this patch is that, in start_xmit()
the code uses xenvif_count_skb_slots() to predict how many slots
xenvif_gop_skb() will consume and then adds this to a 'req_cons_peek'
counter which it then uses to determine if the shared ring has that amount
of space available by checking whether 'req_prod' has passed that value.
If the ring doesn't have space the tx queue is stopped.
xenvif_gop_skb() will then consume slots and update 'req_cons' and issue
responses, updating 'rsp_prod' as it goes. The frontend will consume those
responses and post new requests, by updating req_prod. So, req_prod chases
req_cons which chases rsp_prod, and can never exceed that value. Thus if
xenvif_count_skb_slots() ever returns a number of slots greater than
xenvif_gop_skb() uses, req_cons_peek will get to a value that req_prod cannot
possibly achieve (since it's limited by the 'real' req_cons) and, if this
happens enough times, req_cons_peek gets more than a ring size ahead of
req_cons and the tx queue then remains stopped forever waiting for an
unachievable amount of space to become available in the ring.

Having two routines trying to calculate the same value is always going to be
fragile, so this patch does away with that. All we essentially need to do is
make sure that we have 'enough stuff' on our internal queue without letting
it build up uncontrollably. So start_xmit() makes a cheap optimistic check
of how much space is needed for an skb and only turns the queue off if that
is unachievable. net_rx_action() is the place where we could do with an
accurate predicition but, since that has proven tricky to calculate, a cheap
worse-case (but not too bad) estimate is all we really need since the only
thing we *must* prevent is xenvif_gop_skb() consuming more slots than are
available.

Without this patch I can trivially stall netback permanently by just doing
a large guest to guest file copy between two Windows Server 2008R2 VMs on a
single host.

Patch tested with frontends in:
- Windows Server 2008R2
- CentOS 6.0
- Debian Squeeze
- Debian Wheezy
- SLES11
Signed-off-by: default avatarPaul Durrant <paul.durrant@citrix.com>
Cc: Wei Liu <wei.liu2@citrix.com>
Cc: Ian Campbell <ian.campbell@citrix.com>
Cc: David Vrabel <david.vrabel@citrix.com>
Cc: Annie Li <annie.li@oracle.com>
Cc: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com>
Acked-by: default avatarWei Liu <wei.liu2@citrix.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
parent 512137ee
......@@ -136,12 +136,10 @@ struct xenvif {
char rx_irq_name[IFNAMSIZ+4]; /* DEVNAME-rx */
struct xen_netif_rx_back_ring rx;
struct sk_buff_head rx_queue;
/* Allow xenvif_start_xmit() to peek ahead in the rx request
* ring. This is a prediction of what rx_req_cons will be
* once all queued skbs are put on the ring.
/* Set when the RX interrupt is triggered by the frontend.
* The worker thread may need to wake the queue.
*/
RING_IDX rx_req_cons_peek;
bool rx_event;
/* Given MAX_BUFFER_OFFSET of 4096 the worst case is that each
* head/fragment page uses 2 copy operations because it
......@@ -198,8 +196,6 @@ void xenvif_xenbus_fini(void);
int xenvif_schedulable(struct xenvif *vif);
int xenvif_rx_ring_full(struct xenvif *vif);
int xenvif_must_stop_queue(struct xenvif *vif);
/* (Un)Map communication rings. */
......@@ -211,21 +207,20 @@ int xenvif_map_frontend_rings(struct xenvif *vif,
/* Check for SKBs from frontend and schedule backend processing */
void xenvif_check_rx_xenvif(struct xenvif *vif);
/* Queue an SKB for transmission to the frontend */
void xenvif_queue_tx_skb(struct xenvif *vif, struct sk_buff *skb);
/* Notify xenvif that ring now has space to send an skb to the frontend */
void xenvif_notify_tx_completion(struct xenvif *vif);
/* Prevent the device from generating any further traffic. */
void xenvif_carrier_off(struct xenvif *vif);
/* Returns number of ring slots required to send an skb to the frontend */
unsigned int xenvif_count_skb_slots(struct xenvif *vif, struct sk_buff *skb);
int xenvif_tx_action(struct xenvif *vif, int budget);
void xenvif_rx_action(struct xenvif *vif);
int xenvif_kthread(void *data);
void xenvif_kick_thread(struct xenvif *vif);
/* Determine whether the needed number of slots (req) are available,
* and set req_event if not.
*/
bool xenvif_rx_ring_slots_available(struct xenvif *vif, int needed);
void xenvif_stop_queue(struct xenvif *vif);
extern bool separate_tx_rx_irq;
......
......@@ -46,11 +46,6 @@ int xenvif_schedulable(struct xenvif *vif)
return netif_running(vif->dev) && netif_carrier_ok(vif->dev);
}
static int xenvif_rx_schedulable(struct xenvif *vif)
{
return xenvif_schedulable(vif) && !xenvif_rx_ring_full(vif);
}
static irqreturn_t xenvif_tx_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_id)
{
struct xenvif *vif = dev_id;
......@@ -104,8 +99,8 @@ static irqreturn_t xenvif_rx_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_id)
{
struct xenvif *vif = dev_id;
if (xenvif_rx_schedulable(vif))
netif_wake_queue(vif->dev);
vif->rx_event = true;
xenvif_kick_thread(vif);
return IRQ_HANDLED;
}
......@@ -121,24 +116,35 @@ static irqreturn_t xenvif_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_id)
static int xenvif_start_xmit(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev)
{
struct xenvif *vif = netdev_priv(dev);
int min_slots_needed;
BUG_ON(skb->dev != dev);
/* Drop the packet if vif is not ready */
if (vif->task == NULL)
if (vif->task == NULL || !xenvif_schedulable(vif))
goto drop;
/* Drop the packet if the target domain has no receive buffers. */
if (!xenvif_rx_schedulable(vif))
goto drop;
/* At best we'll need one slot for the header and one for each
* frag.
*/
min_slots_needed = 1 + skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags;
/* Reserve ring slots for the worst-case number of fragments. */
vif->rx_req_cons_peek += xenvif_count_skb_slots(vif, skb);
/* If the skb is GSO then we'll also need an extra slot for the
* metadata.
*/
if (skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type & SKB_GSO_TCPV4 ||
skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type & SKB_GSO_TCPV6)
min_slots_needed++;
if (vif->can_queue && xenvif_must_stop_queue(vif))
netif_stop_queue(dev);
/* If the skb can't possibly fit in the remaining slots
* then turn off the queue to give the ring a chance to
* drain.
*/
if (!xenvif_rx_ring_slots_available(vif, min_slots_needed))
xenvif_stop_queue(vif);
xenvif_queue_tx_skb(vif, skb);
skb_queue_tail(&vif->rx_queue, skb);
xenvif_kick_thread(vif);
return NETDEV_TX_OK;
......@@ -148,12 +154,6 @@ static int xenvif_start_xmit(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev)
return NETDEV_TX_OK;
}
void xenvif_notify_tx_completion(struct xenvif *vif)
{
if (netif_queue_stopped(vif->dev) && xenvif_rx_schedulable(vif))
netif_wake_queue(vif->dev);
}
static struct net_device_stats *xenvif_get_stats(struct net_device *dev)
{
struct xenvif *vif = netdev_priv(dev);
......@@ -378,6 +378,8 @@ int xenvif_connect(struct xenvif *vif, unsigned long tx_ring_ref,
if (err < 0)
goto err;
init_waitqueue_head(&vif->wq);
if (tx_evtchn == rx_evtchn) {
/* feature-split-event-channels == 0 */
err = bind_interdomain_evtchn_to_irqhandler(
......@@ -410,7 +412,6 @@ int xenvif_connect(struct xenvif *vif, unsigned long tx_ring_ref,
disable_irq(vif->rx_irq);
}
init_waitqueue_head(&vif->wq);
task = kthread_create(xenvif_kthread,
(void *)vif, "%s", vif->dev->name);
if (IS_ERR(task)) {
......
......@@ -138,36 +138,26 @@ static inline pending_ring_idx_t nr_pending_reqs(struct xenvif *vif)
vif->pending_prod + vif->pending_cons;
}
static int max_required_rx_slots(struct xenvif *vif)
bool xenvif_rx_ring_slots_available(struct xenvif *vif, int needed)
{
int max = DIV_ROUND_UP(vif->dev->mtu, PAGE_SIZE);
RING_IDX prod, cons;
/* XXX FIXME: RX path dependent on MAX_SKB_FRAGS */
if (vif->can_sg || vif->gso_mask || vif->gso_prefix_mask)
max += MAX_SKB_FRAGS + 1; /* extra_info + frags */
return max;
}
int xenvif_rx_ring_full(struct xenvif *vif)
{
RING_IDX peek = vif->rx_req_cons_peek;
RING_IDX needed = max_required_rx_slots(vif);
do {
prod = vif->rx.sring->req_prod;
cons = vif->rx.req_cons;
return ((vif->rx.sring->req_prod - peek) < needed) ||
((vif->rx.rsp_prod_pvt + XEN_NETIF_RX_RING_SIZE - peek) < needed);
}
if (prod - cons >= needed)
return true;
int xenvif_must_stop_queue(struct xenvif *vif)
{
if (!xenvif_rx_ring_full(vif))
return 0;
vif->rx.sring->req_event = prod + 1;
vif->rx.sring->req_event = vif->rx_req_cons_peek +
max_required_rx_slots(vif);
mb(); /* request notification /then/ check the queue */
/* Make sure event is visible before we check prod
* again.
*/
mb();
} while (vif->rx.sring->req_prod != prod);
return xenvif_rx_ring_full(vif);
return false;
}
/*
......@@ -210,93 +200,6 @@ static bool start_new_rx_buffer(int offset, unsigned long size, int head)
return false;
}
struct xenvif_count_slot_state {
unsigned long copy_off;
bool head;
};
unsigned int xenvif_count_frag_slots(struct xenvif *vif,
unsigned long offset, unsigned long size,
struct xenvif_count_slot_state *state)
{
unsigned count = 0;
offset &= ~PAGE_MASK;
while (size > 0) {
unsigned long bytes;
bytes = PAGE_SIZE - offset;
if (bytes > size)
bytes = size;
if (start_new_rx_buffer(state->copy_off, bytes, state->head)) {
count++;
state->copy_off = 0;
}
if (state->copy_off + bytes > MAX_BUFFER_OFFSET)
bytes = MAX_BUFFER_OFFSET - state->copy_off;
state->copy_off += bytes;
offset += bytes;
size -= bytes;
if (offset == PAGE_SIZE)
offset = 0;
state->head = false;
}
return count;
}
/*
* Figure out how many ring slots we're going to need to send @skb to
* the guest. This function is essentially a dry run of
* xenvif_gop_frag_copy.
*/
unsigned int xenvif_count_skb_slots(struct xenvif *vif, struct sk_buff *skb)
{
struct xenvif_count_slot_state state;
unsigned int count;
unsigned char *data;
unsigned i;
state.head = true;
state.copy_off = 0;
/* Slot for the first (partial) page of data. */
count = 1;
/* Need a slot for the GSO prefix for GSO extra data? */
if (skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_size)
count++;
data = skb->data;
while (data < skb_tail_pointer(skb)) {
unsigned long offset = offset_in_page(data);
unsigned long size = PAGE_SIZE - offset;
if (data + size > skb_tail_pointer(skb))
size = skb_tail_pointer(skb) - data;
count += xenvif_count_frag_slots(vif, offset, size, &state);
data += size;
}
for (i = 0; i < skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags; i++) {
unsigned long size = skb_frag_size(&skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[i]);
unsigned long offset = skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[i].page_offset;
count += xenvif_count_frag_slots(vif, offset, size, &state);
}
return count;
}
struct netrx_pending_operations {
unsigned copy_prod, copy_cons;
unsigned meta_prod, meta_cons;
......@@ -557,12 +460,12 @@ struct skb_cb_overlay {
int meta_slots_used;
};
static void xenvif_kick_thread(struct xenvif *vif)
void xenvif_kick_thread(struct xenvif *vif)
{
wake_up(&vif->wq);
}
void xenvif_rx_action(struct xenvif *vif)
static void xenvif_rx_action(struct xenvif *vif)
{
s8 status;
u16 flags;
......@@ -571,8 +474,6 @@ void xenvif_rx_action(struct xenvif *vif)
struct sk_buff *skb;
LIST_HEAD(notify);
int ret;
int nr_frags;
int count;
unsigned long offset;
struct skb_cb_overlay *sco;
int need_to_notify = 0;
......@@ -584,29 +485,44 @@ void xenvif_rx_action(struct xenvif *vif)
skb_queue_head_init(&rxq);
count = 0;
while ((skb = skb_dequeue(&vif->rx_queue)) != NULL) {
vif = netdev_priv(skb->dev);
nr_frags = skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags;
int max_slots_needed;
int i;
/* We need a cheap worse case estimate for the number of
* slots we'll use.
*/
max_slots_needed = DIV_ROUND_UP(offset_in_page(skb->data) +
skb_headlen(skb),
PAGE_SIZE);
for (i = 0; i < skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags; i++) {
unsigned int size;
size = skb_frag_size(&skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[i]);
max_slots_needed += DIV_ROUND_UP(size, PAGE_SIZE);
}
if (skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type & SKB_GSO_TCPV4 ||
skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type & SKB_GSO_TCPV6)
max_slots_needed++;
/* If the skb may not fit then bail out now */
if (!xenvif_rx_ring_slots_available(vif, max_slots_needed)) {
skb_queue_head(&vif->rx_queue, skb);
need_to_notify = 1;
break;
}
sco = (struct skb_cb_overlay *)skb->cb;
sco->meta_slots_used = xenvif_gop_skb(skb, &npo);
count += nr_frags + 1;
BUG_ON(sco->meta_slots_used > max_slots_needed);
__skb_queue_tail(&rxq, skb);
/* Filled the batch queue? */
/* XXX FIXME: RX path dependent on MAX_SKB_FRAGS */
if (count + MAX_SKB_FRAGS >= XEN_NETIF_RX_RING_SIZE)
break;
}
BUG_ON(npo.meta_prod > ARRAY_SIZE(vif->meta));
if (!npo.copy_prod)
return;
goto done;
BUG_ON(npo.copy_prod > ARRAY_SIZE(vif->grant_copy_op));
gnttab_batch_copy(vif->grant_copy_op, npo.copy_prod);
......@@ -614,8 +530,6 @@ void xenvif_rx_action(struct xenvif *vif)
while ((skb = __skb_dequeue(&rxq)) != NULL) {
sco = (struct skb_cb_overlay *)skb->cb;
vif = netdev_priv(skb->dev);
if ((1 << vif->meta[npo.meta_cons].gso_type) &
vif->gso_prefix_mask) {
resp = RING_GET_RESPONSE(&vif->rx,
......@@ -681,25 +595,13 @@ void xenvif_rx_action(struct xenvif *vif)
if (ret)
need_to_notify = 1;
xenvif_notify_tx_completion(vif);
npo.meta_cons += sco->meta_slots_used;
dev_kfree_skb(skb);
}
done:
if (need_to_notify)
notify_remote_via_irq(vif->rx_irq);
/* More work to do? */
if (!skb_queue_empty(&vif->rx_queue))
xenvif_kick_thread(vif);
}
void xenvif_queue_tx_skb(struct xenvif *vif, struct sk_buff *skb)
{
skb_queue_tail(&vif->rx_queue, skb);
xenvif_kick_thread(vif);
}
void xenvif_check_rx_xenvif(struct xenvif *vif)
......@@ -1804,7 +1706,7 @@ static struct xen_netif_rx_response *make_rx_response(struct xenvif *vif,
static inline int rx_work_todo(struct xenvif *vif)
{
return !skb_queue_empty(&vif->rx_queue);
return !skb_queue_empty(&vif->rx_queue) || vif->rx_event;
}
static inline int tx_work_todo(struct xenvif *vif)
......@@ -1854,8 +1756,6 @@ int xenvif_map_frontend_rings(struct xenvif *vif,
rxs = (struct xen_netif_rx_sring *)addr;
BACK_RING_INIT(&vif->rx, rxs, PAGE_SIZE);
vif->rx_req_cons_peek = 0;
return 0;
err:
......@@ -1863,9 +1763,24 @@ int xenvif_map_frontend_rings(struct xenvif *vif,
return err;
}
void xenvif_stop_queue(struct xenvif *vif)
{
if (!vif->can_queue)
return;
netif_stop_queue(vif->dev);
}
static void xenvif_start_queue(struct xenvif *vif)
{
if (xenvif_schedulable(vif))
netif_wake_queue(vif->dev);
}
int xenvif_kthread(void *data)
{
struct xenvif *vif = data;
struct sk_buff *skb;
while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
wait_event_interruptible(vif->wq,
......@@ -1874,12 +1789,22 @@ int xenvif_kthread(void *data)
if (kthread_should_stop())
break;
if (rx_work_todo(vif))
if (!skb_queue_empty(&vif->rx_queue))
xenvif_rx_action(vif);
vif->rx_event = false;
if (skb_queue_empty(&vif->rx_queue) &&
netif_queue_stopped(vif->dev))
xenvif_start_queue(vif);
cond_resched();
}
/* Bin any remaining skbs */
while ((skb = skb_dequeue(&vif->rx_queue)) != NULL)
dev_kfree_skb(skb);
return 0;
}
......
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