Commit 09f8a6db authored by Max Filippov's avatar Max Filippov
Browse files

xtensa: add support for call0 ABI in userspace



Provide a Kconfig choice to select whether only the default ABI, only
call0 ABI or both are supported. The default for XEA2 is windowed, but
it may change for XEA3. Call0 only runs userspace with PS.WOE disabled.
Supporting both windowed and call0 ABIs is tricky, as there's no
indication in the ELF binaries which ABI they use. So it is done by
probing: each process is started with PS.WOE disabled, but the handler
of an illegal instruction exception taken with PS.WOE retries faulting
instruction after enabling PS.WOE. It must happen before any signal is
delivered to the process, otherwise it may be delivered incorrectly.
Signed-off-by: default avatarMax Filippov <jcmvbkbc@gmail.com>
parent 9e1e41c4
......@@ -385,6 +385,54 @@ config FAST_SYSCALL_SPILL_REGISTERS
If unsure, say N.
config USER_ABI_CALL0
bool
choice
prompt "Userspace ABI"
default USER_ABI_DEFAULT
help
Select supported userspace ABI.
If unsure, choose the default ABI.
config USER_ABI_DEFAULT
bool "Default ABI only"
help
Assume default userspace ABI. For XEA2 cores it is windowed ABI.
call0 ABI binaries may be run on such kernel, but signal delivery
will not work correctly for them.
config USER_ABI_CALL0_ONLY
bool "Call0 ABI only"
select USER_ABI_CALL0
help
Select this option to support only call0 ABI in userspace.
Windowed ABI binaries will crash with a segfault caused by
an illegal instruction exception on the first 'entry' opcode.
Choose this option if you're planning to run only user code
built with call0 ABI.
config USER_ABI_CALL0_PROBE
bool "Support both windowed and call0 ABI by probing"
select USER_ABI_CALL0
help
Select this option to support both windowed and call0 userspace
ABIs. When enabled all processes are started with PS.WOE disabled
and a fast user exception handler for an illegal instruction is
used to turn on PS.WOE bit on the first 'entry' opcode executed by
the userspace.
This option should be enabled for the kernel that must support
both call0 and windowed ABIs in userspace at the same time.
Note that Xtensa ISA does not guarantee that entry opcode will
raise an illegal instruction exception on cores with XEA2 when
PS.WOE is disabled, check whether the target core supports it.
endchoice
endmenu
config XTENSA_CALIBRATE_CCOUNT
......
......@@ -176,14 +176,21 @@ struct thread_struct {
/*
* Do necessary setup to start up a newly executed thread.
* Note: We set-up ps as if we did a call4 to the new pc.
* Note: When windowed ABI is used for userspace we set-up ps
* as if we did a call4 to the new pc.
* set_thread_state in signal.c depends on it.
*/
#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_USER_ABI_CALL0)
#define USER_PS_VALUE ((USER_RING << PS_RING_SHIFT) | \
(1 << PS_UM_BIT) | \
(1 << PS_EXCM_BIT))
#else
#define USER_PS_VALUE (PS_WOE_MASK | \
(1 << PS_CALLINC_SHIFT) | \
(USER_RING << PS_RING_SHIFT) | \
(1 << PS_UM_BIT) | \
(1 << PS_EXCM_BIT))
#endif
/* Clearing a0 terminates the backtrace. */
#define start_thread(regs, new_pc, new_sp) \
......
......@@ -1003,7 +1003,41 @@ ENTRY(fast_alloca)
4: j _WindowUnderflow4
ENDPROC(fast_alloca)
#ifdef CONFIG_USER_ABI_CALL0_PROBE
/*
* fast illegal instruction handler.
*
* This is used to fix up user PS.WOE on the exception caused
* by the first opcode related to register window. If PS.WOE is
* already set it goes directly to the common user exception handler.
*
* Entry condition:
*
* a0: trashed, original value saved on stack (PT_AREG0)
* a1: a1
* a2: new stack pointer, original in DEPC
* a3: a3
* depc: a2, original value saved on stack (PT_DEPC)
* excsave_1: dispatch table
*/
ENTRY(fast_illegal_instruction_user)
rsr a0, ps
bbsi.l a0, PS_WOE_BIT, user_exception
s32i a3, a2, PT_AREG3
movi a3, PS_WOE_MASK
or a0, a0, a3
wsr a0, ps
l32i a3, a2, PT_AREG3
l32i a0, a2, PT_AREG0
rsr a2, depc
rfe
ENDPROC(fast_illegal_instruction_user)
#endif
/*
* fast system calls.
*
* WARNING: The kernel doesn't save the entire user context before
......
......@@ -335,7 +335,8 @@ static int setup_frame(struct ksignal *ksig, sigset_t *set,
{
struct rt_sigframe *frame;
int err = 0, sig = ksig->sig;
unsigned long sp, ra, tp;
unsigned long sp, ra, tp, ps;
unsigned int base;
sp = regs->areg[1];
......@@ -385,17 +386,26 @@ static int setup_frame(struct ksignal *ksig, sigset_t *set,
/* Set up registers for signal handler; preserve the threadptr */
tp = regs->threadptr;
ps = regs->ps;
start_thread(regs, (unsigned long) ksig->ka.sa.sa_handler,
(unsigned long) frame);
/* Set up a stack frame for a call4
* Note: PS.CALLINC is set to one by start_thread
*/
regs->areg[4] = (((unsigned long) ra) & 0x3fffffff) | 0x40000000;
regs->areg[6] = (unsigned long) sig;
regs->areg[7] = (unsigned long) &frame->info;
regs->areg[8] = (unsigned long) &frame->uc;
/* Set up a stack frame for a call4 if userspace uses windowed ABI */
if (ps & PS_WOE_MASK) {
base = 4;
regs->areg[base] =
(((unsigned long) ra) & 0x3fffffff) | 0x40000000;
ps = (ps & ~(PS_CALLINC_MASK | PS_OWB_MASK)) |
(1 << PS_CALLINC_SHIFT);
} else {
base = 0;
regs->areg[base] = (unsigned long) ra;
}
regs->areg[base + 2] = (unsigned long) sig;
regs->areg[base + 3] = (unsigned long) &frame->info;
regs->areg[base + 4] = (unsigned long) &frame->uc;
regs->threadptr = tp;
regs->ps = ps;
pr_debug("SIG rt deliver (%s:%d): signal=%d sp=%p pc=%08lx\n",
current->comm, current->pid, sig, frame, regs->pc);
......
......@@ -44,6 +44,11 @@ void xtensa_backtrace_user(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned int depth,
if (pc == 0 || pc >= TASK_SIZE || ufn(&frame, data))
return;
if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_USER_ABI_CALL0_ONLY) ||
(IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_USER_ABI_CALL0_PROBE) &&
!(regs->ps & PS_WOE_MASK)))
return;
/* Two steps:
*
* 1. Look through the register window for the
......
......@@ -51,6 +51,7 @@
extern void kernel_exception(void);
extern void user_exception(void);
extern void fast_illegal_instruction_user(void);
extern void fast_syscall_user(void);
extern void fast_alloca(void);
extern void fast_unaligned(void);
......@@ -87,6 +88,9 @@ typedef struct {
static dispatch_init_table_t __initdata dispatch_init_table[] = {
#ifdef CONFIG_USER_ABI_CALL0_PROBE
{ EXCCAUSE_ILLEGAL_INSTRUCTION, USER, fast_illegal_instruction_user },
#endif
{ EXCCAUSE_ILLEGAL_INSTRUCTION, 0, do_illegal_instruction},
{ EXCCAUSE_SYSTEM_CALL, USER, fast_syscall_user },
{ EXCCAUSE_SYSTEM_CALL, 0, system_call },
......
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