Commit e5bbc8a6 authored by Mike Kravetz's avatar Mike Kravetz Committed by Linus Torvalds
Browse files

mm/hugetlb.c: fix reservation race when freeing surplus pages

return_unused_surplus_pages() decrements the global reservation count,
and frees any unused surplus pages that were backing the reservation.

Commit 7848a4bf ("mm/hugetlb.c: add cond_resched_lock() in
return_unused_surplus_pages()") added a call to cond_resched_lock in the
loop freeing the pages.

As a result, the hugetlb_lock could be dropped, and someone else could
use the pages that will be freed in subsequent iterations of the loop.
This could result in inconsistent global hugetlb page state, application
api failures (such as mmap) failures or application crashes.

When dropping the lock in return_unused_surplus_pages, make sure that
the global reservation count (resv_huge_pages) remains sufficiently
large to prevent someone else from claiming pages about to be freed.

Analyzed by Paul Cassella.

Fixes: 7848a4bf ("mm/hugetlb.c: add cond_resched_lock() in return_unused_surplus_pages()")

Signed-off-by: default avatarMike Kravetz <>
Reported-by: default avatarPaul Cassella <>
Suggested-by: default avatarMichal Hocko <>
Cc: Masayoshi Mizuma <>
Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <>
Cc: Aneesh Kumar <>
Cc: Hillf Danton <>
Cc: <>	[3.15+]
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <>
parent c4e490cf
......@@ -1773,23 +1773,32 @@ free:
* When releasing a hugetlb pool reservation, any surplus pages that were
* allocated to satisfy the reservation must be explicitly freed if they were
* never used.
* Called with hugetlb_lock held.
* This routine has two main purposes:
* 1) Decrement the reservation count (resv_huge_pages) by the value passed
* in unused_resv_pages. This corresponds to the prior adjustments made
* to the associated reservation map.
* 2) Free any unused surplus pages that may have been allocated to satisfy
* the reservation. As many as unused_resv_pages may be freed.
* Called with hugetlb_lock held. However, the lock could be dropped (and
* reacquired) during calls to cond_resched_lock. Whenever dropping the lock,
* we must make sure nobody else can claim pages we are in the process of
* freeing. Do this by ensuring resv_huge_page always is greater than the
* number of huge pages we plan to free when dropping the lock.
static void return_unused_surplus_pages(struct hstate *h,
unsigned long unused_resv_pages)
unsigned long nr_pages;
/* Uncommit the reservation */
h->resv_huge_pages -= unused_resv_pages;
/* Cannot return gigantic pages currently */
if (hstate_is_gigantic(h))
goto out;
* Part (or even all) of the reservation could have been backed
* by pre-allocated pages. Only free surplus pages.
nr_pages = min(unused_resv_pages, h->surplus_huge_pages);
......@@ -1799,12 +1808,22 @@ static void return_unused_surplus_pages(struct hstate *h,
* when the nodes with surplus pages have no free pages.
* free_pool_huge_page() will balance the the freed pages across the
* on-line nodes with memory and will handle the hstate accounting.
* Note that we decrement resv_huge_pages as we free the pages. If
* we drop the lock, resv_huge_pages will still be sufficiently large
* to cover subsequent pages we may free.
while (nr_pages--) {
if (!free_pool_huge_page(h, &node_states[N_MEMORY], 1))
goto out;
/* Fully uncommit the reservation */
h->resv_huge_pages -= unused_resv_pages;
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