Commit 1a4e58cc authored by Minchan Kim's avatar Minchan Kim Committed by Linus Torvalds
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mm: introduce MADV_PAGEOUT

When a process expects no accesses to a certain memory range for a long
time, it could hint kernel that the pages can be reclaimed instantly but
data should be preserved for future use.  This could reduce workingset
eviction so it ends up increasing performance.

This patch introduces the new MADV_PAGEOUT hint to madvise(2) syscall.
MADV_PAGEOUT can be used by a process to mark a memory range as not
expected to be used for a long time so that kernel reclaims *any LRU*
pages instantly.  The hint can help kernel in deciding which pages to
evict proactively.

A note: It doesn't apply SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX LRU page isolation limit
intentionally because it's automatically bounded by PMD size.  If PMD
size(e.g., 256) makes some trouble, we could fix it later by limit it to
SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX[1].

- man-page material

MADV_PAGEOUT (since Linux x.x)

Do not expect access in the near future so pages in the specified
regions could be reclaimed instantly regardless of memory pressure.
Thus, access in the range after successful operation could cause
major page fault but never lose the up-to-date contents unlike
MADV_DONTNEED. Pages belonging to a shared mapping are only processed
if a write access is allowed for the calling process.

MADV_PAGEOUT cannot be applied to locked pages, Huge TLB pages, or
VM_PFNMAP pages.

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20190710194719.GS29695@dhcp22.suse.cz/

[minchan@kernel.org: clear PG_active on MADV_PAGEOUT]
  Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190802200643.GA181880@google.com
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: resolve conflicts with hmm.git]
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190726023435.214162-5-minchan@kernel.org

Signed-off-by: default avatarMinchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Reported-by: default avatarkbuild test robot <lkp@intel.com>
Acked-by: default avatarMichal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: James E.J. Bottomley <James.Bottomley@HansenPartnership.com>
Cc: Richard Henderson <rth@twiddle.net>
Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org>
Cc: Chris Zankel <chris@zankel.net>
Cc: Daniel Colascione <dancol@google.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Hillf Danton <hdanton@sina.com>
Cc: Joel Fernandes (Google) <joel@joelfernandes.org>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Oleksandr Natalenko <oleksandr@redhat.com>
Cc: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com>
Cc: Sonny Rao <sonnyrao@google.com>
Cc: Suren Baghdasaryan <surenb@google.com>
Cc: Tim Murray <timmurray@google.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
parent 8940b34a
......@@ -69,6 +69,7 @@
#define MADV_KEEPONFORK 19 /* Undo MADV_WIPEONFORK */
#define MADV_COLD 20 /* deactivate these pages */
#define MADV_PAGEOUT 21 /* reclaim these pages */
/* compatibility flags */
#define MAP_FILE 0
......
......@@ -96,6 +96,7 @@
#define MADV_KEEPONFORK 19 /* Undo MADV_WIPEONFORK */
#define MADV_COLD 20 /* deactivate these pages */
#define MADV_PAGEOUT 21 /* reclaim these pages */
/* compatibility flags */
#define MAP_FILE 0
......
......@@ -49,6 +49,7 @@
#define MADV_DOFORK 11 /* do inherit across fork */
#define MADV_COLD 20 /* deactivate these pages */
#define MADV_PAGEOUT 21 /* reclaim these pages */
#define MADV_MERGEABLE 65 /* KSM may merge identical pages */
#define MADV_UNMERGEABLE 66 /* KSM may not merge identical pages */
......
......@@ -104,6 +104,7 @@
#define MADV_KEEPONFORK 19 /* Undo MADV_WIPEONFORK */
#define MADV_COLD 20 /* deactivate these pages */
#define MADV_PAGEOUT 21 /* reclaim these pages */
/* compatibility flags */
#define MAP_FILE 0
......
......@@ -365,6 +365,7 @@ extern int vm_swappiness;
extern int remove_mapping(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page);
extern unsigned long vm_total_pages;
extern unsigned long reclaim_pages(struct list_head *page_list);
#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
extern int node_reclaim_mode;
extern int sysctl_min_unmapped_ratio;
......
......@@ -68,6 +68,7 @@
#define MADV_KEEPONFORK 19 /* Undo MADV_WIPEONFORK */
#define MADV_COLD 20 /* deactivate these pages */
#define MADV_PAGEOUT 21 /* reclaim these pages */
/* compatibility flags */
#define MAP_FILE 0
......
......@@ -44,6 +44,7 @@ static int madvise_need_mmap_write(int behavior)
case MADV_WILLNEED:
case MADV_DONTNEED:
case MADV_COLD:
case MADV_PAGEOUT:
case MADV_FREE:
return 0;
default:
......@@ -461,6 +462,191 @@ static long madvise_cold(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
return 0;
}
static int madvise_pageout_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr,
unsigned long end, struct mm_walk *walk)
{
struct mmu_gather *tlb = walk->private;
struct mm_struct *mm = tlb->mm;
struct vm_area_struct *vma = walk->vma;
pte_t *orig_pte, *pte, ptent;
spinlock_t *ptl;
LIST_HEAD(page_list);
struct page *page;
if (fatal_signal_pending(current))
return -EINTR;
#ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE
if (pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)) {
pmd_t orig_pmd;
unsigned long next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end);
tlb_change_page_size(tlb, HPAGE_PMD_SIZE);
ptl = pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd, vma);
if (!ptl)
return 0;
orig_pmd = *pmd;
if (is_huge_zero_pmd(orig_pmd))
goto huge_unlock;
if (unlikely(!pmd_present(orig_pmd))) {
VM_BUG_ON(thp_migration_supported() &&
!is_pmd_migration_entry(orig_pmd));
goto huge_unlock;
}
page = pmd_page(orig_pmd);
if (next - addr != HPAGE_PMD_SIZE) {
int err;
if (page_mapcount(page) != 1)
goto huge_unlock;
get_page(page);
spin_unlock(ptl);
lock_page(page);
err = split_huge_page(page);
unlock_page(page);
put_page(page);
if (!err)
goto regular_page;
return 0;
}
if (pmd_young(orig_pmd)) {
pmdp_invalidate(vma, addr, pmd);
orig_pmd = pmd_mkold(orig_pmd);
set_pmd_at(mm, addr, pmd, orig_pmd);
tlb_remove_tlb_entry(tlb, pmd, addr);
}
ClearPageReferenced(page);
test_and_clear_page_young(page);
if (!isolate_lru_page(page))
list_add(&page->lru, &page_list);
huge_unlock:
spin_unlock(ptl);
reclaim_pages(&page_list);
return 0;
}
if (pmd_trans_unstable(pmd))
return 0;
regular_page:
#endif
tlb_change_page_size(tlb, PAGE_SIZE);
orig_pte = pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, pmd, addr, &ptl);
flush_tlb_batched_pending(mm);
arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode();
for (; addr < end; pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE) {
ptent = *pte;
if (!pte_present(ptent))
continue;
page = vm_normal_page(vma, addr, ptent);
if (!page)
continue;
/*
* creating a THP page is expensive so split it only if we
* are sure it's worth. Split it if we are only owner.
*/
if (PageTransCompound(page)) {
if (page_mapcount(page) != 1)
break;
get_page(page);
if (!trylock_page(page)) {
put_page(page);
break;
}
pte_unmap_unlock(orig_pte, ptl);
if (split_huge_page(page)) {
unlock_page(page);
put_page(page);
pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl);
break;
}
unlock_page(page);
put_page(page);
pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl);
pte--;
addr -= PAGE_SIZE;
continue;
}
VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageTransCompound(page), page);
if (pte_young(ptent)) {
ptent = ptep_get_and_clear_full(mm, addr, pte,
tlb->fullmm);
ptent = pte_mkold(ptent);
set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, ptent);
tlb_remove_tlb_entry(tlb, pte, addr);
}
ClearPageReferenced(page);
test_and_clear_page_young(page);
if (!isolate_lru_page(page))
list_add(&page->lru, &page_list);
}
arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode();
pte_unmap_unlock(orig_pte, ptl);
reclaim_pages(&page_list);
cond_resched();
return 0;
}
static void madvise_pageout_page_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb,
struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long addr, unsigned long end)
{
tlb_start_vma(tlb, vma);
walk_page_range(vma->vm_mm, addr, end, &cold_walk_ops, NULL);
tlb_end_vma(tlb, vma);
}
static inline bool can_do_pageout(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
if (vma_is_anonymous(vma))
return true;
if (!vma->vm_file)
return false;
/*
* paging out pagecache only for non-anonymous mappings that correspond
* to the files the calling process could (if tried) open for writing;
* otherwise we'd be including shared non-exclusive mappings, which
* opens a side channel.
*/
return inode_owner_or_capable(file_inode(vma->vm_file)) ||
inode_permission(file_inode(vma->vm_file), MAY_WRITE) == 0;
}
static long madvise_pageout(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
struct vm_area_struct **prev,
unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
struct mmu_gather tlb;
*prev = vma;
if (!can_madv_lru_vma(vma))
return -EINVAL;
if (!can_do_pageout(vma))
return 0;
lru_add_drain();
tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, mm, start_addr, end_addr);
madvise_pageout_page_range(&tlb, vma, start_addr, end_addr);
tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, start_addr, end_addr);
return 0;
}
static int madvise_free_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr,
unsigned long end, struct mm_walk *walk)
......@@ -843,6 +1029,8 @@ madvise_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct **prev,
return madvise_willneed(vma, prev, start, end);
case MADV_COLD:
return madvise_cold(vma, prev, start, end);
case MADV_PAGEOUT:
return madvise_pageout(vma, prev, start, end);
case MADV_FREE:
case MADV_DONTNEED:
return madvise_dontneed_free(vma, prev, start, end, behavior);
......@@ -865,6 +1053,7 @@ madvise_behavior_valid(int behavior)
case MADV_DONTNEED:
case MADV_FREE:
case MADV_COLD:
case MADV_PAGEOUT:
#ifdef CONFIG_KSM
case MADV_MERGEABLE:
case MADV_UNMERGEABLE:
......
......@@ -2145,6 +2145,62 @@ static void shrink_active_list(unsigned long nr_to_scan,
nr_deactivate, nr_rotated, sc->priority, file);
}
unsigned long reclaim_pages(struct list_head *page_list)
{
int nid = -1;
unsigned long nr_reclaimed = 0;
LIST_HEAD(node_page_list);
struct reclaim_stat dummy_stat;
struct page *page;
struct scan_control sc = {
.gfp_mask = GFP_KERNEL,
.priority = DEF_PRIORITY,
.may_writepage = 1,
.may_unmap = 1,
.may_swap = 1,
};
while (!list_empty(page_list)) {
page = lru_to_page(page_list);
if (nid == -1) {
nid = page_to_nid(page);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&node_page_list);
}
if (nid == page_to_nid(page)) {
ClearPageActive(page);
list_move(&page->lru, &node_page_list);
continue;
}
nr_reclaimed += shrink_page_list(&node_page_list,
NODE_DATA(nid),
&sc, 0,
&dummy_stat, false);
while (!list_empty(&node_page_list)) {
page = lru_to_page(&node_page_list);
list_del(&page->lru);
putback_lru_page(page);
}
nid = -1;
}
if (!list_empty(&node_page_list)) {
nr_reclaimed += shrink_page_list(&node_page_list,
NODE_DATA(nid),
&sc, 0,
&dummy_stat, false);
while (!list_empty(&node_page_list)) {
page = lru_to_page(&node_page_list);
list_del(&page->lru);
putback_lru_page(page);
}
}
return nr_reclaimed;
}
/*
* The inactive anon list should be small enough that the VM never has
* to do too much work.
......
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