• Johannes Weiner's avatar
    mm: memcontrol: fix cgroup creation failure after many small jobs · 73f576c0
    Johannes Weiner authored
    The memory controller has quite a bit of state that usually outlives the
    cgroup and pins its CSS until said state disappears.  At the same time
    it imposes a 16-bit limit on the CSS ID space to economically store IDs
    in the wild.  Consequently, when we use cgroups to contain frequent but
    small and short-lived jobs that leave behind some page cache, we quickly
    run into the 64k limitations of outstanding CSSs.  Creating a new cgroup
    fails with -ENOSPC while there are only a few, or even no user-visible
    cgroups in existence.
    Although pinning CSSs past cgroup removal is common, there are only two
    instances that actually need an ID after a cgroup is deleted: cache
    shadow entries and swapout records.
    Cache shadow entries reference the ID weakly and can deal with the CSS
    having disappeared when it's looked up later.  They pose no hurdle.
    Swap-out records do need to pin the css to hierarchically attribute
    swapins after the cgroup has been deleted; though the only pages that
    remain swapped out after offlining are tmpfs/shmem pages.  And those
    references are under the user's control, so they are manageable.
    This patch introduces a private 16-bit memcg ID and switches swap and
    cache shadow entries over to using that.  This ID can then be recycled
    after offlining when the CSS remains pinned only by objects that don't
    specifically need it.
    This script demonstrates the problem by faulting one cache page in a new
    cgroup and deleting it again:
      set -e
      mkdir -p pages
      for x in `seq 128000`; do
        [ $((x % 1000)) -eq 0 ] && echo $x
        mkdir /cgroup/foo
        echo $$ >/cgroup/foo/cgroup.procs
        echo trex >pages/$x
        echo $$ >/cgroup/cgroup.procs
        rmdir /cgroup/foo
    When run on an unpatched kernel, we eventually run out of possible IDs
    even though there are no visible cgroups:
      [root@ham ~]# ./cssidstress.sh
      mkdir: cannot create directory '/cgroup/foo': No space left on device
    After this patch, the IDs get released upon cgroup destruction and the
    cache and css objects get released once memory reclaim kicks in.
    [hannes@cmpxchg.org: init the IDR]
      Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20160621154601.GA22431@cmpxchg.org
    Fixes: b2052564 ("mm: memcontrol: continue cache reclaim from offlined groups")
    Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20160617162516.GD19084@cmpxchg.org
    Signed-off-by: default avatarJohannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
    Reported-by: default avatarJohn Garcia <john.garcia@mesosphere.io>
    Reviewed-by: default avatarVladimir Davydov <vdavydov@virtuozzo.com>
    Acked-by: default avatarTejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
    Cc: Nikolay Borisov <kernel@kyup.com>
    Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>	[3.19+]
    Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
    Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>