Commit 20a77776 authored by Nick Piggin's avatar Nick Piggin Committed by Linus Torvalds
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[PATCH] mempool: simplify alloc

Mempool is pretty clever.  Looks too clever for its own good :) It
shouldn't really know so much about page reclaim internals.

- don't guess about what effective page reclaim might involve.

- don't randomly flush out all dirty data if some unlikely thing
  happens (alloc returns NULL). page reclaim can (sort of :P) handle

I think the main motivation is trying to avoid pool->lock at all costs.
However the first allocation is attempted with __GFP_WAIT cleared, so it
will be 'can_try_harder' if it hits the page allocator.  So if allocation
still fails, then we can probably afford to hit the pool->lock - and what's
the alternative?  Try page reclaim and hit zone->lru_lock?

A nice upshot is that we don't need to do any fancy memory barriers or do
(intentionally) racy access to pool-> fields outside the lock.

Signed-off-by: default avatarNick Piggin <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <>
parent b84a35be
......@@ -198,36 +198,22 @@ void * mempool_alloc(mempool_t *pool, unsigned int __nocast gfp_mask)
void *element;
unsigned long flags;
int gfp_nowait;
int gfp_temp;
might_sleep_if(gfp_mask & __GFP_WAIT);
gfp_mask |= __GFP_NOMEMALLOC; /* don't allocate emergency reserves */
gfp_mask |= __GFP_NORETRY; /* don't loop in __alloc_pages */
gfp_mask |= __GFP_NOWARN; /* failures are OK */
gfp_nowait = gfp_mask & ~(__GFP_WAIT | __GFP_IO);
might_sleep_if(gfp_mask & __GFP_WAIT);
gfp_temp = gfp_mask & ~(__GFP_WAIT|__GFP_IO);
element = pool->alloc(gfp_nowait, pool->pool_data);
element = pool->alloc(gfp_temp, pool->pool_data);
if (likely(element != NULL))
return element;
* If the pool is less than 50% full and we can perform effective
* page reclaim then try harder to allocate an element.
if ((gfp_mask & __GFP_FS) && (gfp_mask != gfp_nowait) &&
(pool->curr_nr <= pool->min_nr/2)) {
element = pool->alloc(gfp_mask, pool->pool_data);
if (likely(element != NULL))
return element;
* Kick the VM at this point.
spin_lock_irqsave(&pool->lock, flags);
if (likely(pool->curr_nr)) {
element = remove_element(pool);
......@@ -240,6 +226,8 @@ repeat_alloc:
if (!(gfp_mask & __GFP_WAIT))
return NULL;
/* Now start performing page reclaim */
gfp_temp = gfp_mask;
prepare_to_wait(&pool->wait, &wait, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
if (!pool->curr_nr)
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