Commit 81ecf91e authored by Linus Torvalds's avatar Linus Torvalds
Browse files

Merge tag 'safesetid-5.10' of git://github.com/micah-morton/linux

Pull SafeSetID updates from Micah Morton:
 "The changes are mostly contained to within the SafeSetID LSM, with the
  exception of a few 1-line changes to change some ns_capable() calls to
  ns_capable_setid() -- causing a flag (CAP_OPT_INSETID) to be set that
  is examined by SafeSetID code and nothing else in the kernel.

  The changes to SafeSetID internally allow for setting up GID
  transition security policies, as already existed for UIDs"

* tag 'safesetid-5.10' of git://github.com/micah-morton/linux:
  LSM: SafeSetID: Fix warnings reported by test bot
  LSM: SafeSetID: Add GID security policy handling
  LSM: Signal to SafeSetID when setting group IDs
parents 91f28da8 03ca0ec1
......@@ -3,9 +3,9 @@ SafeSetID
=========
SafeSetID is an LSM module that gates the setid family of syscalls to restrict
UID/GID transitions from a given UID/GID to only those approved by a
system-wide whitelist. These restrictions also prohibit the given UIDs/GIDs
system-wide allowlist. These restrictions also prohibit the given UIDs/GIDs
from obtaining auxiliary privileges associated with CAP_SET{U/G}ID, such as
allowing a user to set up user namespace UID mappings.
allowing a user to set up user namespace UID/GID mappings.
Background
......@@ -98,10 +98,21 @@ Directions for use
==================
This LSM hooks the setid syscalls to make sure transitions are allowed if an
applicable restriction policy is in place. Policies are configured through
securityfs by writing to the safesetid/add_whitelist_policy and
safesetid/flush_whitelist_policies files at the location where securityfs is
mounted. The format for adding a policy is '<UID>:<UID>', using literal
numbers, such as '123:456'. To flush the policies, any write to the file is
sufficient. Again, configuring a policy for a UID will prevent that UID from
obtaining auxiliary setid privileges, such as allowing a user to set up user
namespace UID mappings.
securityfs by writing to the safesetid/uid_allowlist_policy and
safesetid/gid_allowlist_policy files at the location where securityfs is
mounted. The format for adding a policy is '<UID>:<UID>' or '<GID>:<GID>',
using literal numbers, and ending with a newline character such as '123:456\n'.
Writing an empty string "" will flush the policy. Again, configuring a policy
for a UID/GID will prevent that UID/GID from obtaining auxiliary setid
privileges, such as allowing a user to set up user namespace UID/GID mappings.
Note on GID policies and setgroups()
==================
In v5.9 we are adding support for limiting CAP_SETGID privileges as was done
previously for CAP_SETUID. However, for compatibility with common sandboxing
related code conventions in userspace, we currently allow arbitrary
setgroups() calls for processes with CAP_SETGID restrictions. Until we add
support in a future release for restricting setgroups() calls, these GID
policies add no meaningful security. setgroups() restrictions will be enforced
once we have the policy checking code in place, which will rely on GID policy
configuration code added in v5.9.
......@@ -418,7 +418,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(ns_capable_noaudit);
/**
* ns_capable_setid - Determine if the current task has a superior capability
* in effect, while signalling that this check is being done from within a
* setid syscall.
* setid or setgroups syscall.
* @ns: The usernamespace we want the capability in
* @cap: The capability to be tested for
*
......
......@@ -178,7 +178,7 @@ bool may_setgroups(void)
{
struct user_namespace *user_ns = current_user_ns();
return ns_capable(user_ns, CAP_SETGID) &&
return ns_capable_setid(user_ns, CAP_SETGID) &&
userns_may_setgroups(user_ns);
}
......
......@@ -373,7 +373,7 @@ long __sys_setregid(gid_t rgid, gid_t egid)
if (rgid != (gid_t) -1) {
if (gid_eq(old->gid, krgid) ||
gid_eq(old->egid, krgid) ||
ns_capable(old->user_ns, CAP_SETGID))
ns_capable_setid(old->user_ns, CAP_SETGID))
new->gid = krgid;
else
goto error;
......@@ -382,7 +382,7 @@ long __sys_setregid(gid_t rgid, gid_t egid)
if (gid_eq(old->gid, kegid) ||
gid_eq(old->egid, kegid) ||
gid_eq(old->sgid, kegid) ||
ns_capable(old->user_ns, CAP_SETGID))
ns_capable_setid(old->user_ns, CAP_SETGID))
new->egid = kegid;
else
goto error;
......@@ -432,7 +432,7 @@ long __sys_setgid(gid_t gid)
old = current_cred();
retval = -EPERM;
if (ns_capable(old->user_ns, CAP_SETGID))
if (ns_capable_setid(old->user_ns, CAP_SETGID))
new->gid = new->egid = new->sgid = new->fsgid = kgid;
else if (gid_eq(kgid, old->gid) || gid_eq(kgid, old->sgid))
new->egid = new->fsgid = kgid;
......@@ -744,7 +744,7 @@ long __sys_setresgid(gid_t rgid, gid_t egid, gid_t sgid)
old = current_cred();
retval = -EPERM;
if (!ns_capable(old->user_ns, CAP_SETGID)) {
if (!ns_capable_setid(old->user_ns, CAP_SETGID)) {
if (rgid != (gid_t) -1 && !gid_eq(krgid, old->gid) &&
!gid_eq(krgid, old->egid) && !gid_eq(krgid, old->sgid))
goto error;
......@@ -871,7 +871,7 @@ long __sys_setfsgid(gid_t gid)
if (gid_eq(kgid, old->gid) || gid_eq(kgid, old->egid) ||
gid_eq(kgid, old->sgid) || gid_eq(kgid, old->fsgid) ||
ns_capable(old->user_ns, CAP_SETGID)) {
ns_capable_setid(old->user_ns, CAP_SETGID)) {
if (!gid_eq(kgid, old->fsgid)) {
new->fsgid = kgid;
if (security_task_fix_setgid(new,old,LSM_SETID_FS) == 0)
......
......@@ -24,20 +24,36 @@
/* Flag indicating whether initialization completed */
int safesetid_initialized;
struct setuid_ruleset __rcu *safesetid_setuid_rules;
struct setid_ruleset __rcu *safesetid_setuid_rules;
struct setid_ruleset __rcu *safesetid_setgid_rules;
/* Compute a decision for a transition from @src to @dst under @policy. */
enum sid_policy_type _setuid_policy_lookup(struct setuid_ruleset *policy,
kuid_t src, kuid_t dst)
enum sid_policy_type _setid_policy_lookup(struct setid_ruleset *policy,
kid_t src, kid_t dst)
{
struct setuid_rule *rule;
struct setid_rule *rule;
enum sid_policy_type result = SIDPOL_DEFAULT;
hash_for_each_possible(policy->rules, rule, next, __kuid_val(src)) {
if (!uid_eq(rule->src_uid, src))
continue;
if (uid_eq(rule->dst_uid, dst))
return SIDPOL_ALLOWED;
if (policy->type == UID) {
hash_for_each_possible(policy->rules, rule, next, __kuid_val(src.uid)) {
if (!uid_eq(rule->src_id.uid, src.uid))
continue;
if (uid_eq(rule->dst_id.uid, dst.uid))
return SIDPOL_ALLOWED;
result = SIDPOL_CONSTRAINED;
}
} else if (policy->type == GID) {
hash_for_each_possible(policy->rules, rule, next, __kgid_val(src.gid)) {
if (!gid_eq(rule->src_id.gid, src.gid))
continue;
if (gid_eq(rule->dst_id.gid, dst.gid)){
return SIDPOL_ALLOWED;
}
result = SIDPOL_CONSTRAINED;
}
} else {
/* Should not reach here, report the ID as contrainsted */
result = SIDPOL_CONSTRAINED;
}
return result;
......@@ -47,15 +63,26 @@ enum sid_policy_type _setuid_policy_lookup(struct setuid_ruleset *policy,
* Compute a decision for a transition from @src to @dst under the active
* policy.
*/
static enum sid_policy_type setuid_policy_lookup(kuid_t src, kuid_t dst)
static enum sid_policy_type setid_policy_lookup(kid_t src, kid_t dst, enum setid_type new_type)
{
enum sid_policy_type result = SIDPOL_DEFAULT;
struct setuid_ruleset *pol;
struct setid_ruleset *pol;
rcu_read_lock();
pol = rcu_dereference(safesetid_setuid_rules);
if (pol)
result = _setuid_policy_lookup(pol, src, dst);
if (new_type == UID)
pol = rcu_dereference(safesetid_setuid_rules);
else if (new_type == GID)
pol = rcu_dereference(safesetid_setgid_rules);
else { /* Should not reach here */
result = SIDPOL_CONSTRAINED;
rcu_read_unlock();
return result;
}
if (pol) {
pol->type = new_type;
result = _setid_policy_lookup(pol, src, dst);
}
rcu_read_unlock();
return result;
}
......@@ -65,57 +92,101 @@ static int safesetid_security_capable(const struct cred *cred,
int cap,
unsigned int opts)
{
/* We're only interested in CAP_SETUID. */
if (cap != CAP_SETUID)
/* We're only interested in CAP_SETUID and CAP_SETGID. */
if (cap != CAP_SETUID && cap != CAP_SETGID)
return 0;
/*
* If CAP_SETUID is currently used for a set*uid() syscall, we want to
* If CAP_SET{U/G}ID is currently used for a setid() syscall, we want to
* let it go through here; the real security check happens later, in the
* task_fix_setuid hook.
* task_fix_set{u/g}id hook.
*
* NOTE:
* Until we add support for restricting setgroups() calls, GID security
* policies offer no meaningful security since we always return 0 here
* when called from within the setgroups() syscall and there is no
* additional hook later on to enforce security policies for setgroups().
*/
if ((opts & CAP_OPT_INSETID) != 0)
return 0;
/*
* If no policy applies to this task, allow the use of CAP_SETUID for
* other purposes.
*/
if (setuid_policy_lookup(cred->uid, INVALID_UID) == SIDPOL_DEFAULT)
switch (cap) {
case CAP_SETUID:
/*
* If no policy applies to this task, allow the use of CAP_SETUID for
* other purposes.
*/
if (setid_policy_lookup((kid_t){.uid = cred->uid}, INVALID_ID, UID) == SIDPOL_DEFAULT)
return 0;
/*
* Reject use of CAP_SETUID for functionality other than calling
* set*uid() (e.g. setting up userns uid mappings).
*/
pr_warn("Operation requires CAP_SETUID, which is not available to UID %u for operations besides approved set*uid transitions\n",
__kuid_val(cred->uid));
return -EPERM;
break;
case CAP_SETGID:
/*
* If no policy applies to this task, allow the use of CAP_SETGID for
* other purposes.
*/
if (setid_policy_lookup((kid_t){.gid = cred->gid}, INVALID_ID, GID) == SIDPOL_DEFAULT)
return 0;
/*
* Reject use of CAP_SETUID for functionality other than calling
* set*gid() (e.g. setting up userns gid mappings).
*/
pr_warn("Operation requires CAP_SETGID, which is not available to GID %u for operations besides approved set*gid transitions\n",
__kuid_val(cred->uid));
return -EPERM;
break;
default:
/* Error, the only capabilities were checking for is CAP_SETUID/GID */
return 0;
/*
* Reject use of CAP_SETUID for functionality other than calling
* set*uid() (e.g. setting up userns uid mappings).
*/
pr_warn("Operation requires CAP_SETUID, which is not available to UID %u for operations besides approved set*uid transitions\n",
__kuid_val(cred->uid));
return -EPERM;
break;
}
return 0;
}
/*
* Check whether a caller with old credentials @old is allowed to switch to
* credentials that contain @new_uid.
* credentials that contain @new_id.
*/
static bool uid_permitted_for_cred(const struct cred *old, kuid_t new_uid)
static bool id_permitted_for_cred(const struct cred *old, kid_t new_id, enum setid_type new_type)
{
bool permitted;
/* If our old creds already had this UID in it, it's fine. */
if (uid_eq(new_uid, old->uid) || uid_eq(new_uid, old->euid) ||
uid_eq(new_uid, old->suid))
return true;
/* If our old creds already had this ID in it, it's fine. */
if (new_type == UID) {
if (uid_eq(new_id.uid, old->uid) || uid_eq(new_id.uid, old->euid) ||
uid_eq(new_id.uid, old->suid))
return true;
} else if (new_type == GID){
if (gid_eq(new_id.gid, old->gid) || gid_eq(new_id.gid, old->egid) ||
gid_eq(new_id.gid, old->sgid))
return true;
} else /* Error, new_type is an invalid type */
return false;
/*
* Transitions to new UIDs require a check against the policy of the old
* RUID.
*/
permitted =
setuid_policy_lookup(old->uid, new_uid) != SIDPOL_CONSTRAINED;
setid_policy_lookup((kid_t){.uid = old->uid}, new_id, new_type) != SIDPOL_CONSTRAINED;
if (!permitted) {
pr_warn("UID transition ((%d,%d,%d) -> %d) blocked\n",
__kuid_val(old->uid), __kuid_val(old->euid),
__kuid_val(old->suid), __kuid_val(new_uid));
if (new_type == UID) {
pr_warn("UID transition ((%d,%d,%d) -> %d) blocked\n",
__kuid_val(old->uid), __kuid_val(old->euid),
__kuid_val(old->suid), __kuid_val(new_id.uid));
} else if (new_type == GID) {
pr_warn("GID transition ((%d,%d,%d) -> %d) blocked\n",
__kgid_val(old->gid), __kgid_val(old->egid),
__kgid_val(old->sgid), __kgid_val(new_id.gid));
} else /* Error, new_type is an invalid type */
return false;
}
return permitted;
}
......@@ -131,18 +202,42 @@ static int safesetid_task_fix_setuid(struct cred *new,
{
/* Do nothing if there are no setuid restrictions for our old RUID. */
if (setuid_policy_lookup(old->uid, INVALID_UID) == SIDPOL_DEFAULT)
if (setid_policy_lookup((kid_t){.uid = old->uid}, INVALID_ID, UID) == SIDPOL_DEFAULT)
return 0;
if (id_permitted_for_cred(old, (kid_t){.uid = new->uid}, UID) &&
id_permitted_for_cred(old, (kid_t){.uid = new->euid}, UID) &&
id_permitted_for_cred(old, (kid_t){.uid = new->suid}, UID) &&
id_permitted_for_cred(old, (kid_t){.uid = new->fsuid}, UID))
return 0;
/*
* Kill this process to avoid potential security vulnerabilities
* that could arise from a missing allowlist entry preventing a
* privileged process from dropping to a lesser-privileged one.
*/
force_sig(SIGKILL);
return -EACCES;
}
static int safesetid_task_fix_setgid(struct cred *new,
const struct cred *old,
int flags)
{
/* Do nothing if there are no setgid restrictions for our old RGID. */
if (setid_policy_lookup((kid_t){.gid = old->gid}, INVALID_ID, GID) == SIDPOL_DEFAULT)
return 0;
if (uid_permitted_for_cred(old, new->uid) &&
uid_permitted_for_cred(old, new->euid) &&
uid_permitted_for_cred(old, new->suid) &&
uid_permitted_for_cred(old, new->fsuid))
if (id_permitted_for_cred(old, (kid_t){.gid = new->gid}, GID) &&
id_permitted_for_cred(old, (kid_t){.gid = new->egid}, GID) &&
id_permitted_for_cred(old, (kid_t){.gid = new->sgid}, GID) &&
id_permitted_for_cred(old, (kid_t){.gid = new->fsgid}, GID))
return 0;
/*
* Kill this process to avoid potential security vulnerabilities
* that could arise from a missing whitelist entry preventing a
* that could arise from a missing allowlist entry preventing a
* privileged process from dropping to a lesser-privileged one.
*/
force_sig(SIGKILL);
......@@ -151,6 +246,7 @@ static int safesetid_task_fix_setuid(struct cred *new,
static struct security_hook_list safesetid_security_hooks[] = {
LSM_HOOK_INIT(task_fix_setuid, safesetid_task_fix_setuid),
LSM_HOOK_INIT(task_fix_setgid, safesetid_task_fix_setgid),
LSM_HOOK_INIT(capable, safesetid_security_capable)
};
......
......@@ -27,27 +27,47 @@ enum sid_policy_type {
SIDPOL_ALLOWED /* target ID explicitly allowed */
};
typedef union {
kuid_t uid;
kgid_t gid;
} kid_t;
enum setid_type {
UID,
GID
};
/*
* Hash table entry to store safesetid policy signifying that 'src_uid'
* can setuid to 'dst_uid'.
* Hash table entry to store safesetid policy signifying that 'src_id'
* can set*id to 'dst_id'.
*/
struct setuid_rule {
struct setid_rule {
struct hlist_node next;
kuid_t src_uid;
kuid_t dst_uid;
kid_t src_id;
kid_t dst_id;
/* Flag to signal if rule is for UID's or GID's */
enum setid_type type;
};
#define SETID_HASH_BITS 8 /* 256 buckets in hash table */
struct setuid_ruleset {
/* Extension of INVALID_UID/INVALID_GID for kid_t type */
#define INVALID_ID (kid_t){.uid = INVALID_UID}
struct setid_ruleset {
DECLARE_HASHTABLE(rules, SETID_HASH_BITS);
char *policy_str;
struct rcu_head rcu;
//Flag to signal if ruleset is for UID's or GID's
enum setid_type type;
};
enum sid_policy_type _setuid_policy_lookup(struct setuid_ruleset *policy,
kuid_t src, kuid_t dst);
enum sid_policy_type _setid_policy_lookup(struct setid_ruleset *policy,
kid_t src, kid_t dst);
extern struct setuid_ruleset __rcu *safesetid_setuid_rules;
extern struct setid_ruleset __rcu *safesetid_setuid_rules;
extern struct setid_ruleset __rcu *safesetid_setgid_rules;
#endif /* _SAFESETID_H */
......@@ -19,22 +19,23 @@
#include "lsm.h"
static DEFINE_MUTEX(policy_update_lock);
static DEFINE_MUTEX(uid_policy_update_lock);
static DEFINE_MUTEX(gid_policy_update_lock);
/*
* In the case the input buffer contains one or more invalid UIDs, the kuid_t
* In the case the input buffer contains one or more invalid IDs, the kid_t
* variables pointed to by @parent and @child will get updated but this
* function will return an error.
* Contents of @buf may be modified.
*/
static int parse_policy_line(struct file *file, char *buf,
struct setuid_rule *rule)
struct setid_rule *rule)
{
char *child_str;
int ret;
u32 parsed_parent, parsed_child;
/* Format of |buf| string should be <UID>:<UID>. */
/* Format of |buf| string should be <UID>:<UID> or <GID>:<GID> */
child_str = strchr(buf, ':');
if (child_str == NULL)
return -EINVAL;
......@@ -49,20 +50,29 @@ static int parse_policy_line(struct file *file, char *buf,
if (ret)
return ret;
rule->src_uid = make_kuid(file->f_cred->user_ns, parsed_parent);
rule->dst_uid = make_kuid(file->f_cred->user_ns, parsed_child);
if (!uid_valid(rule->src_uid) || !uid_valid(rule->dst_uid))
if (rule->type == UID){
rule->src_id.uid = make_kuid(file->f_cred->user_ns, parsed_parent);
rule->dst_id.uid = make_kuid(file->f_cred->user_ns, parsed_child);
if (!uid_valid(rule->src_id.uid) || !uid_valid(rule->dst_id.uid))
return -EINVAL;
} else if (rule->type == GID){
rule->src_id.gid = make_kgid(file->f_cred->user_ns, parsed_parent);
rule->dst_id.gid = make_kgid(file->f_cred->user_ns, parsed_child);
if (!gid_valid(rule->src_id.gid) || !gid_valid(rule->dst_id.gid))
return -EINVAL;
} else {
/* Error, rule->type is an invalid type */
return -EINVAL;
}
return 0;
}
static void __release_ruleset(struct rcu_head *rcu)
{
struct setuid_ruleset *pol =
container_of(rcu, struct setuid_ruleset, rcu);
struct setid_ruleset *pol =
container_of(rcu, struct setid_ruleset, rcu);
int bucket;
struct setuid_rule *rule;
struct setid_rule *rule;
struct hlist_node *tmp;
hash_for_each_safe(pol->rules, bucket, tmp, rule, next)
......@@ -71,36 +81,55 @@ static void __release_ruleset(struct rcu_head *rcu)
kfree(pol);
}
static void release_ruleset(struct setuid_ruleset *pol)
{
static void release_ruleset(struct setid_ruleset *pol){
call_rcu(&pol->rcu, __release_ruleset);
}
static void insert_rule(struct setuid_ruleset *pol, struct setuid_rule *rule)
static void insert_rule(struct setid_ruleset *pol, struct setid_rule *rule)
{
hash_add(pol->rules, &rule->next, __kuid_val(rule->src_uid));
if (pol->type == UID)
hash_add(pol->rules, &rule->next, __kuid_val(rule->src_id.uid));
else if (pol->type == GID)
hash_add(pol->rules, &rule->next, __kgid_val(rule->src_id.gid));
else /* Error, pol->type is neither UID or GID */
return;
}
static int verify_ruleset(struct setuid_ruleset *pol)
static int verify_ruleset(struct setid_ruleset *pol)
{
int bucket;
struct setuid_rule *rule, *nrule;
struct setid_rule *rule, *nrule;
int res = 0;
hash_for_each(pol->rules, bucket, rule, next) {
if (_setuid_policy_lookup(pol, rule->dst_uid, INVALID_UID) ==
SIDPOL_DEFAULT) {
pr_warn("insecure policy detected: uid %d is constrained but transitively unconstrained through uid %d\n",
__kuid_val(rule->src_uid),
__kuid_val(rule->dst_uid));
if (_setid_policy_lookup(pol, rule->dst_id, INVALID_ID) == SIDPOL_DEFAULT) {
if (pol->type == UID) {
pr_warn("insecure policy detected: uid %d is constrained but transitively unconstrained through uid %d\n",
__kuid_val(rule->src_id.uid),
__kuid_val(rule->dst_id.uid));
} else if (pol->type == GID) {
pr_warn("insecure policy detected: gid %d is constrained but transitively unconstrained through gid %d\n",
__kgid_val(rule->src_id.gid),
__kgid_val(rule->dst_id.gid));
} else { /* pol->type is an invalid type */
res = -EINVAL;
return res;
}
res = -EINVAL;
/* fix it up */
nrule = kmalloc(sizeof(struct setuid_rule), GFP_KERNEL);
nrule = kmalloc(sizeof(struct setid_rule), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!nrule)
return -ENOMEM;
nrule->src_uid = rule->dst_uid;
nrule->dst_uid = rule->dst_uid;
if (pol->type == UID){
nrule->src_id.uid = rule->dst_id.uid;
nrule->dst_id.uid = rule->dst_id.uid;
nrule->type = UID;
} else { /* pol->type must be GID if we've made it to here */
nrule->src_id.gid = rule->dst_id.gid;
nrule->dst_id.gid = rule->dst_id.gid;
nrule->type = GID;
}
insert_rule(pol, nrule);
}
}
......@@ -108,16 +137,17 @@ static int verify_ruleset(struct setuid_ruleset *pol)
}
static ssize_t handle_policy_update(struct file *file,
const char __user *ubuf, size_t len)
const char __user *ubuf, size_t len, enum setid_type policy_type)
{
struct setuid_ruleset *pol;
struct setid_ruleset *pol;
char *buf, *p, *end;
int err;
pol = kmalloc(sizeof(struct setuid_ruleset), GFP_KERNEL);
pol = kmalloc(sizeof(struct setid_ruleset), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!pol)
return -ENOMEM;
pol->policy_str = NULL;
pol->type = policy_type;
hash_init(pol->rules);
p = buf = memdup_user_nul(ubuf, len);
......@@ -133,7 +163,7 @@ static ssize_t handle_policy_update(struct file *file,
/* policy lines, including the last one, end with \n */
while (*p != '\0') {
struct setuid_rule *rule;
struct setid_rule *rule;
end = strchr(p, '\n');
if (end == NULL) {
......@@ -142,18 +172,18 @@ static ssize_t handle_policy_update(struct file *file,
}
*end = '\0';
rule = kmalloc(sizeof(struct setuid_rule), GFP_KERNEL);
rule = kmalloc(sizeof(struct setid_rule), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!rule) {
err = -ENOMEM;
goto out_free_buf;
}
rule->type = policy_type;
err = parse_policy_line(file, p, rule);
if (err)
goto out_free_rule;
if (_setuid_policy_lookup(pol, rule->src_uid, rule->dst_uid) ==
SIDPOL_ALLOWED) {
if (_setid_policy_lookup(pol, rule->src_id, rule->dst_id) == SIDPOL_ALLOWED) {
pr_warn("bad policy: duplicate entry\n");
err = -EEXIST;
goto out_free_rule;
......@@ -178,21 +208,31 @@ static ssize_t handle_policy_update(struct file *file,
* What we really want here is an xchg() wrapper for RCU, but since that